Section 10
Chapter 9,493

Suppression of sterol 27-hydroxylase mRNA and transcriptional activity by bile acids in cultured rat hepatocytes

Twisk, J.; de Wit, E.C.; Princen, H.M.

Biochemical Journal 305: 505-511


ISSN/ISBN: 0264-6021
PMID: 7832767
DOI: 10.1042/bj3050505
Accession: 009492516

Download citation:  

In previous work we have demonstrated suppression of cholesterol 7 alpha-hydroxylase by bile acids at the level of mRNA and transcription, resulting in a similar decline in bile acid synthesis in cultured rat hepatocytes [Twisk, Lehmann and Princen (1993) Biochem. J. 290, 685-691]. In view of the substantial contribution of the 'alternative' or '27-hydroxylase' route to total bile acid synthesis, as demonstrated in cultured rat hepatocytes and in vivo in humans, we here evaluate the effects of various bile acids commonly found in bile of rats on the regulation of sterol 27-hydroxylase in cultured rat hepatocytes. Addition of taurocholic acid, the predominant bile acid in rat bile, to the culture medium of rat hepatocytes resulted in a 72% inhibition of sterol 27-hydroxylase activity. The effect was exerted at the level of sterol 27-hydroxylase mRNA, showing a time- and dose-dependent decline with a maximal suppression (-75%) at 50 microM taurocholic acid after 24 h of culture. The decline in mRNA followed first-order kinetics with an apparent half-life of 13 h. Under these conditions cholesterol 7 alpha-hydroxylase mRNA (-91%) and bile acid synthesis (i.e. chenodeoxycholic and beta-muricholic acid, -81%) were also maximally suppressed. In contrast, no change was found in the level of lithocholic acid 6 beta-hydroxylase mRNA. Assessment of the transcriptional activity of a number of genes involved in routing of cholesterol towards bile acids showed similar suppressive effects of taurocholate on expression of the sterol 27-hydroxylase and cholesterol 7 alpha-hydroxylase genes (-43% and -42% respectively), whereas expression of the lithocholic 6 beta-hydroxylase gene was not affected. Taurocholic acid and unconjugated cholic acid were equally as effective in suppressing sterol 27-hydroxylase mRNA. The more hydrophobic bile acids, chenodeoxycholic acid and deoxycholic acid, also produced a strong inhibition of 57% and 76% respectively, whereas the hydrophilic beta-muricholic acid was not active. We conclude that (1) a number of bile acids, at physiological concentrations, suppress sterol 27-hydroxylase by down-regulation of sterol 27-hydroxylase mRNA and transcriptional activity and (2) co-ordinated suppression of both sterol 27-hydroxylase and cholesterol 7 alpha-hydroxylase results in inhibition of bile acid synthesis in cultured rat hepatocytes.

PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90