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The Brassica collection in Gatersleben: Brassica juncea, Brassica napus, Brassica nigra, and Brassica rapa

The Brassica collection in Gatersleben: Brassica juncea, Brassica napus, Brassica nigra, and Brassica rapa

Feddes Repertorium 103(7-8): 469-507

ISSN/ISBN: 0014-8962

The results of systematic studies on cultivated races of Brassica juncea, B. napus, B. nigra and B. rapa are presented in a conspect. Whereas in wild species infraspecific taxa are mostly defined morphologically and geographically-ecologically units this aspect is not considered as predominant in cultivated species. For an easily surveyable arrangement of these often variable races and for the establishment of keys it is necessary in most cases to use characteristic and race-specific differences in the morphological-anatomical sphere. The following races (used parts in brackets) are probably nomina nuda: B. juncea var. capitata TSEN et LEE (terminal leaf buds), B. juncea var. linearifolia SUN (sprout), B. juncea var. facilifolia LI (young inflorescence). An effective description cannot be provided because of the lack of relevant material. No valid description is available so far for some subspecies of B. napus (vegetable and fodder crops). These are little known or potential crops which have been partly used in breeding research and breeding. For the species B. juncea, B. napus and B. rapa the traditional classification into subspecies is maintained (instead of covarieties). Within these species it was necessary to propose the following new combinations or emendations (in brackets basionym; important parts used or mode of use): B. juncea ssp. integrifolia var. subintegrifolia SINSK. em. (leaves, seeds); B. juncea ssp. napiformis (PAILL. et BOIS) comb. nov. (S. juncea var. napiformis PAILL. et BOIS; fleshy root), B. juncea ssp. tsatsai (MAO) comb. nov. (var. tsatsai MAO; sprouts), B. nigra ssp. hispida (SCHULZ) comb. nov. (f. hispida SCHULZ; leaves, seeds), B. rapa ssp. pekinensis var. pandurata (SUN) comb. nov. (B. chinensis var. pandurata SUN; leaves, seeds), B. rapa ssp. nipponica var. dissecta (SCHULZ) comb. nov (B. campestris var. dissecta SCHULZ; tops). Keys are presented for the determination of the cultivated species and the races treated in this paper down to the level of botanical variety.

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Accession: 009529995

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