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The delayed effects of phencyclidine (PCP) disrupt latent inhibition in a conditioned taste aversion paradigm


The delayed effects of phencyclidine (PCP) disrupt latent inhibition in a conditioned taste aversion paradigm



Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior 60(2): 553-558



ISSN/ISBN: 0091-3057

PMID: 9632240

DOI: 10.1016/s0091-3057(98)00026-4

The acute effects of a low dose of phencyclidine (PCP) and the delayed effects of a high dose of PCP on latent inhibition (LI) were assessed in a series of experiments using conditioned taste aversion paradigms. Each paradigm involved a preexposure phase in which water-deprived male rats were allowed access to either water (nonpreexposed; NPE) or 5% sucrose (preexposed; PE), followed by a conditioning phase in which animals were allowed access to sucrose and subsequently injected with the negative reinforcer lithium chloride, and a test phase in which animals were allowed access to both sucrose and water. LI was assessed by comparing the %-sucrose consumed in PE and NPE groups on the test day. The effects of low-dose PCP (2.5 mg/kg) were assessed by comparing LI in animals treated with vehicle or PCP 15 min prior to the onset of the preexposure and conditioning phases. A 4-day paradigm involved 2 days of preexposure followed by a day of conditioning and a test day. This paradigm produced comparable levels of LI in vehicle and PCP-treated animals. A 5-day extinction paradigm involved 2 days of preexposure followed by 2 days of conditioning and a test day. This paradigm abolished LI in vehicle and PCP-treated animals. A 3-day paradigm involved 1 day of preexposure followed by a day of conditioning and a test day. One day of preexposure induced a modified LI effect in both in vehicle and PCP-treated animals. The delayed effects of high dose PCP (8.6 mg/kg) were assessed by comparing LI in animals treated with vehicle or PCP 20 h prior to the onset of the preexposure and conditioning phases in the 4-day paradigm. PCP disrupted latent inhibition in this paradigm. The results are discussed in the context of their relevance to the ability for PCP to model schizophrenic symptomatology.

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Accession: 009553871

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