+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

The effects of anthrax on endangered African wild dogs (Lycaon pictus)

The effects of anthrax on endangered African wild dogs (Lycaon pictus)

Journal of Zoology (London) 236(2): 199-209

African wild dogs (Lycaon pictus) are large, social canids formerly found throughout sub-Saharan Africa. Wild dogs are now endangered; only six nations hold populations larger than 100 individuals. Considerable evidence suggests that disease plays a central role in the regulation of some wild dog populations. In particular, it has been suggested that epizootics of rabies, canine distemper and anthrax can have strong local effects on wild dog numbers. Resolution of the regulatory importance of these diseases has been hampered by lack of data from wild populations. Here we report on an outbreak of anthrax among wild dogs in the Selous Game Reserve in southern Tanzania, describing clinical signs and diagnosis, measuring mortality, and testing for effects on hunting success and movements. Only one of five packs under study was affected. Immediate mortality was mild, with none of 18 adults (0%) and four of 24 pups (17%) dying. Mortality was significantly higher among puppies ( lt 1 year old) than among adults. Mortality of individuals that showed signs of disease but did not die immediately was not significantly elevated over the following six months. The hunting success and movement patterns of the pack were not affected by the outbreak. Collectively, these data suggest that African wild dogs possess a degree of resistance to anthrax.

Please choose payment method:

(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 009569597

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

DOI: 10.1111/j.1469-7998.1995.tb04488.x

Related references

Contact with domestic dogs increases pathogen exposure in endangered African wild dogs (Lycaon pictus). Plos One 7(1): E30099-E30099, 2012

Livestock predation by endangered African wild dogs (Lycaon pictus) in northern Kenya. Biological Conservation 124(2): 225-234, 2005

Rates and causes of mortality in Endangered African wild dogs Lycaon pictus: lessons for management and monitoring. Oryx 41(2): 215-223, 2007

Inbreeding, heterozygosity and fitness in a reintroduced population of endangered African wild dogs Lycaon pictus. Conservation Genetics 12(2): 401-412, 2011

African wild dogs (Lycaon pictus) endangered by a canine distemper epizootic among domestic dogs near the Masai Mara National Reserve, Kenya. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 30(4): 481-485, 1994

Divided we fail: the importance of social integration for the re-introduction of endangered African wild dogs (Lycaon pictus). Journal of Zoology 270(3): 2-11, 2006

Highly Endangered African Wild Dogs (Lycaon pictus) Lack Variation at the Major Histocompatibility Complex. Journal of Heredity 100(Suppl. 1): S54-S65, 2009

Evolutionary ecology meets wildlife management: artificial group augmentation in the re-introduction of endangered African wild dogs (Lycaon pictus). Animal Conservation 9(4): 398-403, 2006

The effects of husbandry training on stereotypic pacing in captive African wild dogs (Lycaon pictus). Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science 13(1): 56-65, 2010

Vaccination strategies to conserve the endangered African wild dog Lycaon pictus. Biological Conservation 144(7): 0-1948, 2011

Feeding success of African wild dogs (Lycaon pictus) in the Serengeti: the effects of group size and kleptoparasitism. Journal of Zoology (London) 266(Part 2): 153-161, 2005

Landscape correlates of space use in the critically endangered African wild dog Lycaon pictus. Plos One 14(3): E0212621, 2019

Evaluation of the Applicability of Different Age Determination Methods for Estimating Age of the Endangered African Wild Dog (Lycaon Pictus). Plos One 11(10): E0164676, 2017

Adoption in African wild dogs, Lycaon pictus. Journal Of Zoology (london). 240(1): 163-173, 1996

Rabies and African wild dogs Lycaon pictus.. Proceedings of the International Conference on Epidemiology Control and Prevention of Rabies in Eastern and Southern Africa, Lusaka, Zambia, June 2-5-1992: 133-140, 1992