+ Site Statistics
References:
54,258,434
Abstracts:
29,560,870
PMIDs:
28,072,757
+ Search Articles
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ PDF Full Text
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

The extirpation and current status of wild chinchillas Chinchilla lanigera and C. brevicaudata



The extirpation and current status of wild chinchillas Chinchilla lanigera and C. brevicaudata



Biological Conservation 77(1): 1-6



The short-tailed chinchilla Chinchilla brevicaudata and the long-tailed chinchilla C. lanigera were once widely distributed along the central Andes and adjacent mountains. The high quality of their fur motivated the harvesting of chinchillas for the fur market. Commercial hunting, beginning in 1828, became a common and widespread activity in northern Chile. As market prices and the demand for skins increased in Europe and the United States, the number of pelts exported rose steadily. During 1900-09, the number of skins officially, exported exceeded half a million per year. The continuous and intense harvesting rate, however, was not sustainable and the number of chinchillas hunted declined until the resource was considered economically extinct by 1917. Concurrently, market prices for the skins increased exponentially over time. A ban against chinchilla hunting in 1929 only increased the demand for skins. The last record for a short-tailed chinchilla sighting in the wild was c. 1953. The long-tailed chinchilla was also considered extinct in the wild, but was "re-discovered" in 1975. Currently, in two separate localities in north-central Chile a few scattered colonies of long-tailed chinchillas remain. Although chinchilla protection laws were enacted in 1929, they were not strictly enforced until 1983, with the establishment of the Chinchilla National Reserve. Chinchilla numbers continue to decline and possible causes are considered.

(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 009577521

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

DOI: 10.1016/0006-3207(95)00116-6


Related references

Comparison of protozoan infection between chinchillas chinchilla lanigera from a commercial breeding facility in southern brazil and chinchillas from a natural reserve in chile. 2012

Reproduction in chinchilla (Chinchilla lanigera): current status of environmental control of gonadal activity and advances in reproductive techniques. Theriogenology 78(1): 1-11, 2012

Megaesophagus in a chinchilla Chinchilla lanigera A case report Megaoesophagus bei einem Chinchilla Chinchilla lanigera Ein Fallbericht. Tieraerztliche Praxis Ausgabe K Kleintiere Heimtiere, 322: 96-100, 2004

Morphology neurons and topography of formatio hippocampi in chinchillas (Chinchilla brevicaudata). Medycyna Weterynaryjna 62(4): 444-447, 2006

Heatstroke in chinchillas (Chinchilla lanigera). 1977

Urinalysis in chinchillas (Chinchilla lanigera). Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 248(8): 901-907, 2016

Ophthalmic Disorders Observed in Pet Chinchillas (Chinchilla lanigera). Journal of Exotic Pet Medicine 23(2): 201-205, 2014

Neurological examination in healthy chinchillas ( Chinchilla lanigera). Laboratory Animals 51(6): 629-635, 2018

Ethological examination of breeding chinchillas (Chinchilla lanigera). Scientifur 20(1): 35-41, 1996

Vertebral heart size in chinchillas (Chinchilla lanigera) usingradiography and CT. Journal of Small Animal Practice 58(12): 714-719, 2017

Echocardiographic effects of dexmedetomidine-ketamine in chinchillas (Chinchilla lanigera). Laboratory Animals (): -, 2016

Comparison of rectal and tympanic thermometry in chinchillas (Chinchilla lanigera). Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 251(5): 552-558, 2018

Analgesic Efficacy and Safety of Hydromorphone in Chinchillas (Chinchilla lanigera). Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science 57(3): 282-285, 2018

Analgesic Efficacy and Safety of Buprenorphine in Chinchillas (Chinchilla lanigera). Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science, 2018

Reproductive performance and weaning success in fur-chewing chinchillas (Chinchilla lanigera). Reproductive Biology 14(3): 213-217, 2015