The fauna and zoogeography of spiders inhabiting oak forests of the East European Plain

Esjunin, S.L.; Golovatch, S.I.; Penev, L.D.

Berichte des Naturwissenschaftlich-Medizinischen Vereins in Innsbruck 80: 175-249


Accession: 009578076

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The spider fauna of oak forests of the East European Plain (492 species) is analyzed in terms of both landscape-zonal distribution and historical zoogeography. The fauna has been shown to be largely composed of extremely widespread species (over 76%), with only a minor proportion characteristic of the nemoral (= broadleaved forest) biome and displaying a classical (south)west-(north)east decline toward the Urals. The role of both nemoral Carpathian and southern Ural refuges in spider faunogenesis in the Holocene is emphasized as based on both present-day distribution patterns and abundance gradients.