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The importance of four histidine residues in isocitrate lyase from Escherichia coli



The importance of four histidine residues in isocitrate lyase from Escherichia coli



Journal of Bacteriology 176(3): 927-931



By site-directed mutagenesis, substitutions were made for His-184 (H-184), H-197, H-266, and H-306 in Escherichia coli isocitrate lyase. Of these changes, only mutations of H-184 and H-197 appreciably reduced enzyme activity. Mutation of H-184 to Lys, Arg, or Leu resulted in an inactive isocitrate lyase, and mutation of H-184 to Gln resulted in an enzyme with 0.28% activity. Nondenaturing polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis demonstrated that isocitrate lyase containing the Lys, Arg, Gln, and Leu substitutions at H-184 was assembled poorly into the tetrameric subunit complex. Mutation of H-197 to Lys, Arg, Leu, and Gln resulted in an assembled enzyme with less than 0.25% wild-type activity. Five substitutions for H-266 (Asp, Glu, Val, Ser, and Lys), four substitutions for H-306 (Asp, Glu, Val, and Ser), and a variant in which both H-266 and H-306 were substituted for showed little or no effect on enzyme activity. All the H-197, H-266, and H-306 mutants supported the growth of isocitrate lyase-deficient E. coli JE10 on acetate as the sole carbon source; however, the H-184 mutants did not.

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Accession: 009587055

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PMID: 8300547

DOI: 10.1128/jb.176.3.927-931.1994


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