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The influence of chelating agents upon the dissimilatory reduction of Fe(III) by Shewanella putrefaciens



The influence of chelating agents upon the dissimilatory reduction of Fe(III) by Shewanella putrefaciens



Biometals 8(2): 163-173



The ability of S. putrefaciens to reduce Fe(III) complexed by a variety of ligands has been investigated. All of the ligands tested caused the cation to be more susceptible to reduction by harvested whole cells than when uncomplexed, although some complexes were more readily reduced than others. Monitoring rates of reduction by a ferrozine assay for Fe(II) formation proved inadequate using Fe(III) ligands giving Fe(II) complexes of low kinetic lability (e.g. EDTA). A more suitable assay for Fe(III) reduction in the presence of such ligands proved to be the observation of associated cytochrome oxidation and re-reduction. Where possible, an assay for Fe(III) reduction based upon the disappearance of Fe(III) complex was also employed. Reduction of all Fe(III) complexes tested was totally inhibited by the presence of O-2, partially inhibited by HQNO and slower in the absence of a physiological electron donor. Upon cell fractionation, Fe(III) reductase activity was detected exclusively in the membranes. Using different physiological electron donors in assays on membranes, relative reduction rates of Fe(III) complexes complemented the data from whole cells. The differences in susceptibility to reduction of the various complexes are discussed, as is evidence for the respiratory nature of the reduction.

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Accession: 009589251

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DOI: 10.1007/bf00142016


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