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The influence of meteorological conditions on the feeding and egg laying of the queen honey bee

The influence of meteorological conditions on the feeding and egg laying of the queen honey bee

Comptes Rendus de l'Academie des Sciences Serie III Sciences de la Vie 318(2): 245-248

It is well known by beekeepers that the queen Apis mellifica ligustica lays more eggs when the weather is warmer. As the coming and going of the foragers is also dependent on the weather, we wondered if there could be direct connection between these factors. We began this study in a year when meteorological conditions were very unstable, due to this, we sometimes experienced both warm, clear conditions and cloudy, cooler weather on the same day. Under these conditions, the behaviour of the foragers and the egg laying of the queen followed the rhythm of the external temperature fluctuations. We recorded the various physical parameters such as temperature, relative humidity and the air speed inside the hive, and used the air movements created by the foragers as indirect information on the behaviour of the nurse bees and the queen. This enabled us to see the manner in which both the queen and nurse bees, whom leave the hive, reacted to different meteorological conditions.

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