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The reduction of circulating growth hormone and prolactin in streptozocin-induced diabetic male rats is possibly caused by hypothalamic rather than pituitary changes

The reduction of circulating growth hormone and prolactin in streptozocin-induced diabetic male rats is possibly caused by hypothalamic rather than pituitary changes

Journal of Endocrinology 145(1): 19-26

To gain further information on diabetes-related disorders in the somatotrophic and lactotrophic axes, we undertook a functional, morphometrical and densitometrical study of the arcuate nucleus (AN), median eminence (ME) and anterior pituitary gland of adult male rats one month after streptozocin-induced diabetes (STZ-D). The basal secretory activity of somatotrophs and lactotrophs was tested by the reverse haemolytic plaque assay (RHPA) and plasma GH and prolactin (PRL) levels were determined by RIA. The number of GH-releasing factor (GRF)labelled axons and the amount of axonal tyrosine hydroxylase (TH)-immunoreactivity increased in STZ-D. There were no significant differences in any of the other densitometrical measurements performed on GPF-, somatostatin-, thyrotropin-releasing hormone- and TH-labelled NM axon cross-sections as well as those on tuberoinfundibular-dopaminergic neurones of the AN in STZ-D compared with control rats. Plasma GH and PRL levels and measurements on anterior pituitary GH- and PRL-labelled structures were decreased in STZ-D. However, the GH and PRL plaque areas were increased after RHPA implying that the secretory capacity of somatotrophs and lactotrophs was not impaired. Taken together, these results suggest that the accumulated GRF in the ME is due to reduced GPF release. This could account for the reduced amplitude and/or frequency of GH secretory pulses. The increased axonal TH-immunoreactivity may indicate an increased dopamine synthesis. If coupled to increased release this could, in turn, be partly responsible for the reduced plasma and anterior pituitary PRL concentration. Although a direct effect of diabetes on the anterior pituitary cannot be ruled out, the reduction of circulating GH and PRL in STZ-D male rats seems to be caused by hypothalamic rather than anterior pituitary changes.

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Accession: 009613667

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 7798026

DOI: 10.1677/joe.0.1450019

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