Transcriptional activation by the androgen receptor in X-linked spinal and bulbar muscular atrophy
Nakajima, H.; Kimura, F.; Nakagawa, T.; Furutama, D.; Shinoda, K.; Shimizu, A.; Ohsawa, N.
Journal of the Neurological Sciences 142(1-2): 12-16
ISSN/ISBN: 0022-510X PMID: 8902713 DOI: 10.1016/0022-510x(96)00142-6
Polyglutamine tracts encoded by trinucleotide CAG repeats have been found in some transcription factors. Expansion of the polyglutamine tracts in the androgen receptor (AR) has been recognized as a cause of X-linked spinal and bulbar muscular atrophy (SBMA). To study the role of AR as a transcription factor in SBMA, we constructed AR genes encoding expanded polyglutamine tracts (repeat numbers = 52, 92, 132, and 212), and analyzed AR-induced transcriptional activation in NG108-15 cells. We found that AR-induced transcriptional activation gradually decreased with increasing glutamine repeat numbers, and polyglutamine expansion caused a specific reduction in transcription activity in motor neurons. However, the degree of reduction was slight in comparison with the normal AR gene and that of SBMA. Thus, subtle disorders of transcriptional control may occur in SBMA.