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Tryptophan-19 of beta-lactoglobulin, the only residue completely conserved in the lipocalin superfamily, is not essential for binding retinol, but relevant to stabilizing bound retinol and maintaining its structure



Tryptophan-19 of beta-lactoglobulin, the only residue completely conserved in the lipocalin superfamily, is not essential for binding retinol, but relevant to stabilizing bound retinol and maintaining its structure



Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 1207(1): 58-67



Residue 19 of tryptophan in bovine beta-lactoglobulin (beta-LG) is the only invariant residue throughout the lipocalin superfamily having two characteristic features: binding ability for small hydrophobic molecules and the unique beta-barrel three-dimensional structure. In this study, we investigated whether this strictly conserved Trp-19 of beta-LG would be indispensable for its structure and function such as maintaining the molecular structure and biological activity of beta-LG. Spectroscopic and enzymatic oxidation experiments on retinol bound to W19Y, in which Tyr was substituted for Trp-19, showed that Trp-19 was not critical for this binding, but was important for stably maintaining the environment surrounding retinol and the bound retinol. An analysis, using four anti-beta-LG monoclonal antibodies as probes, revealed a structural change in region 20-29, but not in the reverse region of Trp-19. A guanidine hydrochloride-induced unfolding study showed that the conformational stability of W19Y was greatly reduced by 6.9 kcal/mol compared to that of wild-type beta-LG. These facts indicated that Trp-19 is one of the important residues in correctly maintaining the local structure of beta-LG and stably retaining its overall structure, thereby conserving the bound retinol molecule.

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Accession: 009679277

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PMID: 8043610


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