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Tyrosine hydroxylase phosphorylation in bovine adrenal chromaffin cells: Clonidine stimulates basal but inhibits nicotinic receptor evoked phosphorylation



Tyrosine hydroxylase phosphorylation in bovine adrenal chromaffin cells: Clonidine stimulates basal but inhibits nicotinic receptor evoked phosphorylation



Biochemical Pharmacology 51(3): 239-245



Clonidine inhibited the uptake of calcium and the overall phosphorylation of tyrosine hydroxylase induced by nicotinic receptor activation in bovine adrenal medullary chromaffin cells in culture. However, clonidine did not inhibit the increase in these parameters that accompanied K+ depolarisation of the cells. There was also no effect of clonidine on the overall phosphorylation of tyrosine hydroxylase when cells were stimulated by muscarine. Nicotinic receptor activation increased the phosphorylation of Ser-19, Ser-31, and Ser-40 on tyrosine hydroxylase, and this was inhibited by clonidine in a concentration-dependent manner. On the other hand, clonidine had no effect on calcium uptake, yet increased the phosphorylation of Ser-19 under basal conditions. Using calcium and calmodulin-stimulated protein kinase II obtained from rat brain clonidine increased the autophosphorylation of the alpha-subunit of the kinase by 37%, and also its activity against an exogenous peptide substrate by 29%. These data are consistent with the hypothesis that clonidine inhibits nicotinic receptor-induced tyrosine hydroxylase phosphorylation by decreasing calcium influx into chromaffin cells, perhaps by an action at the nicotinic receptor. Clonidine also increases the basal phosphorylation of tyrosine hydroxylase at Ser-19, perhaps by directly activating calcium and calmodulin-stimulated protein kinase II.

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Accession: 009688538

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 8573189

DOI: 10.1016/0006-2952(95)02128-0


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