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Bone mass, nutrition, and other lifestyle factors

Bone mass, nutrition, and other lifestyle factors

Nutrition Reviews 54: S10

Part of a special issue on the Conference on Nutrition and Physical Activity to Optimize Performance and Well-being held in Atlanta, Georgia, on April 5-7, 1995. The influence of nutrition and other lifestyle factors on the risk of osteoporotic fracture is reviewed. The risk of osteoporotic fracture is linked with falls, postural reflexes that protect vulnerable bony parts during a fall, soft tissue padding over bony prominences that distribute the force of the impact, and inherent bone strength or weakness. Bone strength is determined by bone mass, bone architecture, bone geometry, and the ongoing repair of use-related fatigue damage to bony material. Bone mass is affected by genetics, exercise, hormonal status, and lifestyle factors such as smoking and drinking alcohol. Good nutrition cannot offset the negative impacts of nonnutritional contributions to fracture risk, but it can ensure that such factors are not compounded by nutritional deficits. There is evidence that calcium and vitamin D sufficiency can reduce the osteoporotic fracture burden by as much as 50 percent or possibly more.

Accession: 009781227

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DOI: 10.1111/j.1753-4887.1996.tb03891.x

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