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Capping efficiency for metal-contaminated marine sediment under conditions of submarine groundwater discharge



Capping efficiency for metal-contaminated marine sediment under conditions of submarine groundwater discharge



Environmental Science and Technology 35(11): 34-40



Theoretical estimations and laboratory studies suggest that capping can effectively retard contaminant transport from sediments under undisturbed conditions. However, contaminated near-shore areas, commonly selected as capping sites, are frequently subjected to submarine groundwater discharge (SGD). Column experiments were set up in the laboratory to simulate metal transport through sediment and capping material in the presence and absence of SGD. In the absence of SGD, capping enhanced Mo flux and initial Mn flux while having no effect in retarding Fe flux, presumably due to altered redox conditions. This effect was more pronounced in the presence of SGD (4.7 [times] 10-4 m/h specific discharge). Capping enhanced Cd flux and initial fluxes of Ni, Cu, and Zn under conditions of simulated SGD, which may be caused by co-transport with Mn and Fe and oxidation of sulfide. Capping retarded Cr and Pb fluxes and steady-state Ni, Cu, Zn, and Fe fluxes in the presence of simulated SGD. However, capping efficiency decreased relative to that with no SGD. Elevated Mn concentration was detected at the capping surface with simulated SGD. Results indicate that advective flow may lead to significantly higher metal fluxes than those under undisturbed conditions. Reprinted by permission of the publisher.

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Accession: 009785428

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 11414041

DOI: 10.1021/es0015702


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