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Chronic ethanol ingestion potentiates TNF-a-mediated oxidative stress and apoptosis in rat type II cells

Chronic ethanol ingestion potentiates TNF-a-mediated oxidative stress and apoptosis in rat type II cells

American Journal of Physiology 281(2): 77-L386

In septic patients, chronic alcohol abuse increases the incidence of the acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Because alveolar type II cell viability is critical for epithelial repair, our objective was to determine if chronic ethanol ingestion increased the sensitivity of type II cells to the inflammatory mediators upregulated during sepsis. In rats chronically fed ethanol, type II cell mitochondrial GSH was depleted, and tumor necrosis factor-a (TNF-a)-induced generation of mitochondrial reactive oxygen species (ROS) and apoptosis were potentiated. When added to the ethanol diet, the GSH precursor (-)-2-oxo-4-thiazolidinecarboxylic acid (Procysteine; Pro) but not N-acetylcysteine (NAC) normalized type II cell mitochondrial GSH. Likewise, Pro but not NAC normalized TNF-a-induced mitochondrial ROS and apoptosis. This suggested that chronic ethanol ingestion potentiated TNF-a-induced apoptosis in type II cells via mitochondrial GSH depletion. This may be particularly relevant in ARDS when type II cell viability is critical to repair of the damaged alveolar epithelium and may have important ramifications for the treatment of ARDS patients with a history of alcohol abuse. Reprinted by permission of the publisher.

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Accession: 009793770

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