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Construction of plasmids useful for production of the B subunit of cholera toxin from Vibrio cholerae or a heat-labile enterotoxin from enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli

Construction of plasmids useful for production of the B subunit of cholera toxin from Vibrio cholerae or a heat-labile enterotoxin from enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli

European Journal of Epidemiology 10(4): 393-398

A simple method to construct the plasmids producing the B subunit of porcine or human heatlabile enterotoxin or cholera toxin was developed, and the B subunits produced by the resulting plasmids were purified. The gene of LTp from pEWD 299 was ligated to pHSG 396 or pBluescript SK(+)-1 and the vector carrying one Xbal and EcoR1 site in the LTp-A gene was constructed. The Xbal-EcoR1 fragment of LTp-A gene was exchanged for the multicloning site of pHSG 396 containing Xbal, BamH1, Cla 1, Kpn1, Sac1 and EcoR1 sites. This plasmid (pTSU28) produced the LTp-B subunit. Moreover, the fragment of the LTp-B gene of pTSU 28 was exchanged by the EcoR1-HindIII fragment of LTh-B from E. coli H10407 strain (pTSU 35) or by the Cla 1-Hind III fragment of CT-B gene amplified by the PCR procedure with the chromosomal DNA of V. cholerae 86KT25 (pTSU 32). The DNA sequence of the CT-B subunit amplified by PCR procedure was compared and found identical to that cited in the literature [11]. After these plasmids were transformed into E. coli MV 1184 strain, the toxins produced by them were purified using a Bio-Gel A 5m affinity column for both LT-Bs and an immunobilized D-galactose affinity column for CT-B. Though both columns absorbed only the B subunit, the eluates contained a single protein corresponding to the B subunit, suggesting that each mutant produces only the B subunit.

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Accession: 009802561

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PMID: 7843342

DOI: 10.2307/3520965

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