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Differential expression of interleukin-2 receptor alpha and beta chains in relation to natural killer cell subsets and aerobic fitness



Differential expression of interleukin-2 receptor alpha and beta chains in relation to natural killer cell subsets and aerobic fitness



International Journal of Sports Medicine 15(6): 311-318



Immunophenotyping by dual parameter flow cytometry was used to compare the expression of interleukin-2 receptor alpha and beta chains on lymphocyte subsets in the peripheral blood of 7 trained and 6 untrained volunteers (respective VO2max 57.0 +/- 6.1 and 39.0 +/- 4.5 ml.kg-1.min-1). Venous blood samples were collected at least 36 h after the most recent exercise session. The trained subjects had higher circulating counts (10(9).l-1) of total leukocytes (5.80 +/- 0.83 vs. 4.63 +/- 0.21, p < 0.05), granulocytes (3.14 +/- 0.72 vs. 1.90 +/- 0.30, p < 0.05), and NK cells (CD16+, 0.32 +/- 0.14 vs. 0.16 +/- 0.05, p < 0.05; CD56+, 0.41 +/- 0.14 vs. 0.21 +/- 0.03, p < 0.01), but lower lymphocyte counts than their sedentary peers (1.90 +/- 0.22 vs. 2.26 +/- 0.25, p < 0.05). Counts for T cells (CD3+) and B cells (CD19+), and the CD4+/CD8+ ratio did not differ between the two subject groups. The p55-IL-2 receptor alpha expression (CD25+: 0.63 +/- 0.11 vs. 0.69 +/- 0.17) was unrelated to training, but the p70-75-IL-2 receptor beta expression was higher in the active group (p70/Mik-beta 1+: 0.42 +/- 0.09 vs. 0.20 +/- 0.06, p < 0.001; p75/TU27+: 0.36 +/- 0.08 vs. 0.17 +/- 0.07, p < 0.005). Beta chain co-expression was also higher on NK cell subsets (p < 0.001) in trained than in sedentary subjects. Aerobic power was strongly correlated with IL-2R beta expression (r = 0.914, p < 0.001 for Mik-beta 1; r = 0.884, p < 0.005 for TU27).

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Accession: 009817839

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 7822069

DOI: 10.1055/s-2007-1021066


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