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Effect of Two Organic Amendments on Norflurazon Retention and Release by Soils of Different Characteristics

Effect of Two Organic Amendments on Norflurazon Retention and Release by Soils of Different Characteristics

Environmental Science and Technology 36(20): 5

The influence of two organic amendments on norflurazon sorption--desorption processes in four soils with very different physicochemical characteristics was studied in laboratory experiments to evaluate the potential leaching of this pesticide through organic fertilized soils. Sorption--desorption experiments were performed on original soils and on a mixture of these soils with urban waste compost (SUW) and a commercial amendment from olive-mill wastes (OW), at a rate of 6.25% (w/w). These mixtures were used immediately after preparation and after aging for 2 months. Norflurazon was analyzed by using a HPLC method. Norflurazon retention in original soils was related not only to the organic matter (OM) content but also to mineral surfaces present in soils. Norflurazon sorption increases largely after amendment in soils with low OM content, but the addition of exogenous OM to soils with medium OM content and/or other available adsorptive surfaces did not significantly affect norflurazon sorption. Even in some, cases pesticide sorption decreases, due to the blocking of the mineral and organic soil surfaces with the amendment added. Transformation of exogenous OM during incubation depends both on the amendment added and on the type of soil and can affect sorption--desorption behavior of the soils surfaces in different manner, due to the modification of their hydrophobic--hydrophilic characteristics. Norflurazon desorption from original soils showed hysteresis in all cases, but it was not affected or even decreased in amended soils. It was a nonexpected behavior, especially in sandy soil, since it is generally assumed that a higher sorption always implies a lower mobility in soils. Norflurazon sorption must be taking place on very low affinity sites on exogenous OM through weak bindings, from which the pesticide can be easily desorbed. The application to soils of the organic amendments used in the present study could not be accepted to reduce norflurazon losses due to leaching processes. Reprinted by permission of the publisher.

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Accession: 009826732

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PMID: 12387404

DOI: 10.1021/es0200443

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