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Electron paramagnetic resonance and mutational analyses revealed the involvement of photosystem II-L subunit in the oxidation step of Tyr-Z by P680+ to form the Tyr-Z+P680Pheo- state in photosystem II



Electron paramagnetic resonance and mutational analyses revealed the involvement of photosystem II-L subunit in the oxidation step of Tyr-Z by P680+ to form the Tyr-Z+P680Pheo- state in photosystem II



Biochemistry (American Chemical Society) 36: 053-61



To reveal the molecular mechanism of involvement of photosystem II (PSII)-L protein in the electron transfer in PSII, effects of mutations in PSII-L on the photochemistry of PSII were investigated by means of electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) and flash photolysis. Wild type and a series of mutant versions of PSII-L were overproduced in Escherichia coli and chromatographically purified. Plastoquinone 9 (PQ-9) depleted PSII reaction center core complex consisting of CP47/D1/D2/Cytb-559/PSII-I/PSII-W was prepared and reconstituted with the wild type and each mutant version of PSII-L together with or without PQ-9. EPR signal indicating the formation of Tyr-Z+P680Pheo- state upon room-temperature illumination disappeared in CP47/D1/D2/Cytb-559/PSII-I/PSII-W, and it was recovered when the complex was reconstituted with the wild-type PSII-L. Mutation of a few amino acid residues in the carboxyl-terminal region of PSII-L, such as substitution of a triad of Tyr34, Phe35, and Phe36 by Leu, selectively resulted in the loss of the capability of PSII-L to recover the light-induced formation of Tyr-Z+P680Pheo- state in the reconstituted complex. Hydropathy profile of PSII-L suggests that it spans the membrane once by a hydrophobic stretch of the carboxyl-terminal side as its carboxyl end to face to the lumen. If this is the case, the amino acid residues essential for PSII-L to function are expected to be located close to the donor side of P680, suggesting the interaction of PSII-L with Tyr-Z (and/or Tyr-D) or P680 to facilitate the oxidation of Tyr-Z by P680+ to form Tyr-Z+P680Pheo- state in PSII. Evidence against PSII-L being involved in the electron transfer from Pheo- to QA was obtained by the flash photolysis experiments. Copyright 1997, American Chemical Society.

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