Section 10
Chapter 9,837

Endothelial and vascular smooth muscle responses are altered after left lung autotransplantation

Flavahan, N.A.; Aleskowitch, T.D.; Murray, P.A.

American Journal of Physiology 266(5 Pt 2): H2026-H2032


ISSN/ISBN: 0002-9513
PMID: 7515588
Accession: 009836283

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Left lung autotransplantation (LLA) increased the pulmonary vasoconstriction evoked by phenylephrine and attenuated the vasodilatation caused by acetylcholine or bradykinin in conscious dogs, To study the mechanisms responsible for these changes, pulmonary arterial rings were isolated from right (control) and left (LLA) lower lobes of dogs 1-26 mo after LLA and were suspended for isometric tension recording. Compared with control rings from the same anatomic location, contractions to phenylephrine were increased after LLA, in rings with or without endothelium. In arterial rings contracted to 50% of their maximal response to phenylephrine, acetylcholine, bradykinin, and calcium ionophore caused endothelium-dependent relaxations that were reduced in LLA compared with control rings. In arterial rings from control and LLA lungs, relaxations to acetylcholine were not altered by inhibition of cyclooxygenase (indomethacin) but were reduced after inhibition of NO synthase (N-omega-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME)). After L-NAME, there was no longer any significant difference in acetylcholine-induced relaxation between arterial rings from control and LLA lungs. Relaxation to SIN-1, a NO donor, was similar in arterial rings (without endothelium) from control and LLA lungs. The results suggest that LLA causes an increased sensitivity of vascular smooth muscle to alpha-1-adrenergic activation and endothelial dysfunction that is mediated by a selective reduction in the activity of endothelium-derived relaxing factor/NO.

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