Immunochemical analysis of UMP kinase from Escherichia coli

Landais, S.; Gounon, P.; Laurent-Winter, C.; Mazié, J.C.; Danchin, A.; Bârzu, O.; Sakamoto, H.

Journal of Bacteriology 181(3): 833-840


ISSN/ISBN: 0021-9193
PMID: 9922246
Accession: 009876447

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Mono- and polyclonal antibodies directed against UMP kinase from Escherichia coli were tested with the intact protein or with fragments obtained by deletion mutagenesis. As detected in enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay tests, the carboxy-terminal quarter of UMP kinase is immunodominant. Polyclonal antibodies inhibited the enzyme activity with partial or total loss of allosteric effects exerted by UTP and GTP, respectively. These data indicate that the UTP and GTP binding sites in UMP kinase are only partially overlapping. One monoclonal antibody (44-2) recognized a linear epitope in UMP kinase between residues 171 and 180. A single substitution (D174N) in this segment of the enzyme abolished its interaction with the monoclonal antibody (44-2). Polyclonal antisera were used to identify UMP kinase in the bacterial proteome. The enzyme appears as a single spot on two-dimensional electrophoresis at a pI of 7.24 and an apparent molecular mass of 26 kDa. Immunogold labeling of UMP kinase in whole E. coli cells shows a localization of the protein near the bacterial membranes. Because the protein does not contain sequences usually required for compartmentalization, the aggregation properties of UMP kinase observed in vitro might play a role in this phenomenon. The specific localization of UMP kinase might also be related to its putative role in cell division.