EurekaMag
+ Translate
+ Most Popular
Sobre os generos Lopadusa Stal e Bothrocoris Mayr (Hemiptera, Pentatomidae, Pentatomini)
RFEF pilot plant for inactivation of Escherichia coli in apple juice
Calpionella alpina Lorenz als "Leitfossil"
Sooretama: The Atlantic Rain Forest of Brazil. Francis Dov Por
Novel approaches in myeloma therapy
Preliminary Notes on the Study of Mitochondria During the 1st Stages of the Destruction of Cadavers
A preliminary study of the biology of lichee stink bug, Tessaratoma papulosa Drury, and its control
The status of the Sabu Island python - Die Situation des Savu-Pythons
Randomised trial of intravenous immunoglobulin as prophylaxis against infection in plateau-phase multiple myeloma. the UK Group for Immunoglobulin Replacement therapy in Multiple Myeloma
Conflicts between children
Clinical presentations in neuropsychiatry
Method of suturing a perforated ulcer of the stomach and duodenum
Identification of mechanical asphyxiation in cases of attempted masking of the homicide
Effects of endogenous ascorbate on oxidation, oxygenation, and toxicokinetics of cell-free modified hemoglobin after exchange transfusion in rat and guinea pig
Is it warm? Is it real? Or just low spatial frequency?
Additions and corrections to the list of Korean Heteroptera
Factors contributing to the maintenance of oligotrophy in an alpine glacial moraine lake (Wallowa lake) in Northeast Oregon
Classification, paleoecology, and biostratigraphy of crinoids from the Stull Shale (Late Pennsylvanian) of Nebraska, Kansas, and Iowa
Observations of the propagation velocity and formation mechanism of burst fractures caused by gunshot
Neue Formen der Bauchsammler aus Turkmenien (Hymenoptera, Apoidea)
Atypische Hühnerpest und Newcastle-Krankheit. Ein Identifizierungsversuch
Parasitellus fucorum in the debris of Apis mellifera - a risk of confusion with Tropilaelaps spp
Applying the Technology Acceptance Model to the introduction of healthcare information systems
Ein akarologischer Nachruf für den "Roland"
Mutation research on crop plants in Argentina

Is it wise to restrict fat in the diets of children?


Is it wise to restrict fat in the diets of children?



Journal of the American Dietetic Association 100(1): 28-32



ISSN/ISBN: 0002-8223

PMID: 10645998

DOI: 10.1016/s0002-8223(00)00012-2

The proponents of fat-restricted diets for children argue that low-fat diets given in childhood will prevent the development of atherosclerosis in adulthood, low-fat diets given a childhood will condition children to prefer low-fat diets in adulthood, and low-fat diets for children are safe. There is no evidence that low-fat diets in childhood will prevent atherosclerosis in adulthood. In fact, studies of migrating populations indicate that immigrants to the United States from Third World countries who consumed low-fat diets in childhood take on the character of their new environments, including higher serum cholesterol levels and more coronary disease. The prevalence of fatty streaks in childhood bears little relationship to the prevalence of atheromatous plaques in adulthood. In fact, girls have more aortic fatty streaks and higher serum cholesterol values in childhood than boys, but fewer plaques in adulthood and less coronary disease. From the PDAY study, it has also been learned that hypercholesterolemia in childhood enhances fatty streak formation, but not that of plaques. It now seems established from autopsy studies that the progression of atherosclerosis from fatty streaks to plaque is arrested in childhood and does not begin to a significant extent until after puberty in males and after menopause in females. So the oft-repeated statement that atherosclerosis begins in childhood is semantically true but very misleading. The particularly harmful form of atherosclerosis (the plaque) does not become significant until much beyond puberty. The effects of low-fat, low-cholesterol diets on serum lipids and lipoproteins are of a lesser magnitude in children than in adults. The 0.78 mmol/L decrease in LDL cholesterol in the intervention group from controls (change 1.5%) in the DISC study was biologically insignificant and reflects the tighter control of lipoprotein and cholesterol synthesis in children compared with adults. It must be remembered that the human body synthesizes all of the cholesterol it needs from acetyl CoA. In general, the larger the amount of dietary cholesterol absorbed, the smaller the rate of biosynthesis of cholesterol. In some adults and most children this homeostatic control is nearly perfect, but in many adults the correction in biosynthesis of cholesterol with increased dietary input is imperfect and LDL cholesterol values increase. The second argument of the proponents of low-fat diets for children is that they are conditioned to continue low-fat diets in adulthood. From the studies of Birch and Fisher (51) this prediction seems unlikely. These investigators found that restricting access to palatable foods enhanced the interest of 3- to 5-year-old children in those foods and increased their desire to obtain and consume those foods. They concluded that "stringent parental controls can potentiate preference for high-fat energy-dense foods, limit children's acceptance of a variety of foods and disrupt children's regulation of energy intake." Brosin (52) has also observed that food restriction in childhood may lead to gluttony in adulthood. Finally, the claim that low-fat diets are safe in childhood is based on observations over too short a time to establish safety. It is true that growth and development of children studied in the DISC study was not changed from the expected increments, but that is not proof of long-term safety. In addition, the lower content of essential nutrients in low-fat, low-cholesterol diets (calcium, zinc, magnesium, phosphorus, vitamin E, vitamin B-12, thiamin, niacin, and riboflavin) must be considered along-term risk (53,54). Furthermore, the published studies of the safety of low-fat diets have been conducted under intensive surveillance in medical centers, conditions very different from those in the homes of free-living families.

Please choose payment method:






(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 009890805

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

Related references

Together, We Inspire Smart Eating (WISE): An Examination of Implementation of a WISE Curriculum for Obesity Prevention in Children 3 to 7 Years. Global Pediatric Health 6: 2333794x19869811, 2019

Restricted diets restrict antidepressant efficacy. Practitioner 233(1472): 972 975, 1989

Hither to un-studied region wise-species wise-size wise export pattern of shrimps from India into Japan. Seafood export journal 15(8): 23-25, 1983

Handouts for Low-Potassium Diets Disproportionately Restrict Fruits and Vegetables. Journal of Renal Nutrition: the Official Journal of the Council on Renal Nutrition of the National Kidney Foundation 2020, 2020

Low-carbohydrate, high-protein diets that restrict potassium-rich fruits and vegetables promote calciuria. Osteoporosis International: a Journal Established as Result of Cooperation Between the European Foundation for Osteoporosis and the National Osteoporosis Foundation of the Usa 17(12): 1820-1821, 2006

To restrict or not to restrict? The enigma of sodium intake and mortality. American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation 65(1): 9-11, 2015

Effects of crude protein level in diets of feedlot steers fed to achieve step-wise increases in rate of gain. Special Circular Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center 162: 32-37, 1999

Parents should restrict children's use of mobile phones, report says. Bmj 330(7483): 109, 2005

How do children restrict their linguistic generalizations? An (un-)grammaticality judgment study. Cognitive Science 37(3): 508-543, 2013

Mothers of Obese Children Use More Direct Imperatives to Restrict Eating. Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior 50(4): 403-407.E1, 2018

Affective tone of mothers' statements to restrict their children's eating. Appetite 103: 165-170, 2016

WHO calls for action to restrict marketing of unhealthy foods and drinks to children. Bmj 342: D503, 2011

The over-Wise mammoplasty: a modified Wise pattern for large superficial breast tumors. European Journal of Plastic Surgery 40(3): 195-202, 2017

CMR-based quantitative myocardial perfusion: pixel-wise and pound-wise. Jacc. Cardiovascular Imaging 5(2): 237-238, 2012

Evaluation of Body-Wise and Organ-Wise Registrations For Abdominal Organs. Proceedings of Spie--the International Society for Optical Engineering 9784, 2016