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Mutation-induced blocker permeability and multiion block of the CFTR chloride channel pore

Mutation-induced blocker permeability and multiion block of the CFTR chloride channel pore

Journal of General Physiology 122(6): 673-687

Chloride permeation through the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) Cl- channel is blocked by a broad range of anions that bind tightly within the pore. Here we show that the divalent anion Pt(NO2)42- acts as an impermeant voltage-dependent blocker of the CFTR pore when added to the intracellular face of excised membrane patches. Block was of modest affinity (apparent Kd 556 microM), kinetically fast, and weakened by extracellular Cl- ions. A mutation in the pore region that alters anion selectivity, F337A, but not another mutation at the same site that has no effect on selectivity (F337Y), had a complex effect on channel block by intracellular Pt(NO2)42- ions. Relative to wild-type, block of F337A-CFTR was weakened at depolarized voltages but strengthened at hyperpolarized voltages. Current in the presence of Pt(NO2)42- increased at very negative voltages in F337A but not wild-type or F337Y, apparently due to relief of block by permeation of Pt(NO2)42- ions to the extracellular solution. This "punchthrough" was prevented by extracellular Cl- ions, reminiscent of a "lock-in" effect. Relief of block in F337A by Pt(NO2)42- permeation was only observed for blocker concentrations above 300 microM; as a result, block at very negative voltages showed an anomalous concentration dependence, with an increase in blocker concentration causing a significant weakening of block and an increase in Cl- current. We interpret this effect as reflecting concentration-dependent permeability of Pt(NO2)42- in F337A, an apparent manifestation of an anomalous mole fraction effect. We suggest that the F337A mutation allows intracellular Pt(NO2)42- to enter deeply into the CFTR pore where it interacts with multiple binding sites, and that simultaneous binding of multiple Pt(NO2)42- ions within the pore promotes their permeation to the extracellular solution.

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Accession: 009917543

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 14610019

DOI: 10.1085/jgp.200308889

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