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Serological survey on antibodies against Newcastle disease, respiratory infectious bursal disease, chronic disease and pullorum disease in chicken breeder flocks in Taiwan



Serological survey on antibodies against Newcastle disease, respiratory infectious bursal disease, chronic disease and pullorum disease in chicken breeder flocks in Taiwan



Journal of the Chinese Society of Veterinary Science 18(1): 53-58



A 3-year serological survey on antibodies against Newcastle disease (ND), infectious bursal disease (IBD), chronic respiratory disease (CRD), and pullorum disease (PD) in chicken breeder flocks in Taiwan was conducted began in Feb. 1990. A total of 2602 breeder chickens from 18 breeder flocks were surveyed during Feb. - March, 1990. In Nov. - Dec., 1990, a total of 2227 breeder chickens from 13 breeder flocks were investigated During Nov. - Dec., 1991, a total of 1560 breeder chickens from 12 breeder flocks wer tested. It was found that 66.2% of the breeders surveyed in Feb. March, 1990 had a ND hemagglutination-inhibition antibody titer at 1:32 or higher. In Nov. Dec., 1991 and Nov. Dec., 1992 the percentage was 82.1% and 100%, respectively. The breeders had an IBD virus neutralization titer at 1:250 or higher were 61.8% of the total chickens surveyed in Feb. March 1990. It was 32.2% and 32.7% in Nov. Dec., 1990 and Nov. Dec., 1991 respectively. The total positive rate of plate agglutination antibody against CRD was 52.7% in Feb March, 1990. The positive rate in Nov. Dec., 1991 and Nov. Dec., 1992 was 81.6% and 79%, respectively. Among the 18 flocks surveyed, two flocks were CRD antibody-negative flocks in Feb. March., 1990. In Nov. Dec., 1990, all the 13 breeder flocks surveyed were CRD antibody positive. In Nov. Dec., 1991, 11 out of 12 breeder flocks surveyed were CRD antibody positive. The total positive rate of plate agglutination antibody against PD was 4.2% in Feb. March., 1990. Seven out of 18 breeder flocks surveyed were PD antibody positive. In Nov. Dec., 1991, eleven out of 13 breeder flocks surveyed were PD antibody positive, and the total positive rate was 2.9%. In Nov.-Dec., 1992, nine out of 12 breeder flocks surveyed were PD antibody positive, and the total positive rate was 2.0%.

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