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Structural characterization of lactate dehydrogenase dissociation under high pressure studied by synchrotron high-pressure small-angle X-ray scattering

Structural characterization of lactate dehydrogenase dissociation under high pressure studied by synchrotron high-pressure small-angle X-ray scattering

Biochemistry 38(20): 6411-6418

The effect of high pressure on lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) was studied using small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS). The SAXS results are interpreted in terms of the dissociation and association of LDH within a compression and decompression cycle and its temperature dependence. LDH consists of four identical subunits. At 120 MPa and 25 degrees C, 50% of the LDH dissociates into subunits, while at 10 degrees C, this occurs at 78 MPa. The hysteresis in the dissociation and association under pressure was confirmed in terms of the radius of gyration and was seen to be more conspicuous at low temperature. Forward scattering, I(0)/C, which is proportional to molecular weight, showed that LDH dissociated into dimer (not monomer) subunits under pressure. The application of high pressure to dissociated dimers induced irreversible aggregation. This result is in sharp contrast with the result of fluorescence spectroscopy suggesting a dissociated monomer [King, L., and Weber, G. (1986) Biochemistry 25, 3637-3640]. As for structural change after reassociation, there was little structural difference between native and drifted LDH. The difference was smaller than the structure change by ligand binding. At 200 MPa, the presence of five scattering peaks in the medium-angle region indicates that the dissociated dimer does not have a molten globule-like structure but a core structure. We propose a model of the dissociated dimer, based on the SAXS profile, in which the volume is reduced without disrupting the core structure.

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Accession: 009985927

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PMID: 10350459

DOI: 10.1021/bi982558d

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