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Structure of b-ketoacyl-(acyl carrier protein) reductase from Escherichia coli: negative cooperativity and its structural basis


Structure of b-ketoacyl-(acyl carrier protein) reductase from Escherichia coli: negative cooperativity and its structural basis



Biochemistry (American Chemical Society) 40(43): 772-81



The structure of b-ketoacyl-[acy] carrier protein] reductase (FabG) from Escherichia coli was determined via the multiwavelength anomalous diffraction technique using a selenomethionine-labeled crystal containing 88 selenium sites in the asymmetric unit. The comparison of the E. coli FabG structure with the homologous Brassica napus FabG NADP+ binary complex reveals that cofactor binding causes a substantial conformational change in the protein. This conformational change puts all three active-site residues (Ser 138, Tyr 151, and Lys 155) into their active configurations and provides a structural mechanism for allosteric communication between the active sites in the homotetramer. FabG exhibits negative cooperative binding of NADPH, and this effect is enhanced by the presence of acyl carrier protein (ACP). NADPH binding also increases the affinity and decreases the maximum binding of ACP to FabG. Thus, unlike other members of the short-chain dehydrogenase/reductase superfamily, FabG undergoes a substantial conformational change upon cofactor binding that organizes the active-site triad and alters the affinity of the other substrate-binding sites in the tetrameric enzyme. Reprinted by permission of the publisher.

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