+ Site Statistics
References:
54,258,434
Abstracts:
29,560,870
PMIDs:
28,072,757
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

The Kahnawake Schools Diabetes Prevention Project: intervention, evaluation, and baseline results of a diabetes primary prevention program with a native community in Canada



The Kahnawake Schools Diabetes Prevention Project: intervention, evaluation, and baseline results of a diabetes primary prevention program with a native community in Canada



Preventive Medicine 26(6): 779-790



Kahnawake Schools Diabetes Prevention Project is a 3-year community-based, primary prevention program for non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus in a Mohawk community near Montreal, Canada. Objectives are to improve healthy eating and encourage more physical activity among elementary school children. Intervention incorporates behavior change theory, Native learning styles, the Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion, and a health promotion planning model. Evaluation uses a mixed longitudinal and cross-sectional design to measure obesity, fitness, eating habits, and physical activity of elementary school children in the experimental and comparison communities. Intermediate variables are self-efficacy and perceived parental support. Process evaluation provides feedback to the intervention. During 3 years, 63 distinct interventions that included a Health Education Program reinforced by school events, a new Community Advisory Board, a recreation path, and community-based activities promoting healthy lifestyles were implemented. Baseline consent rates were 87 and 71% in the experimental and comparison schools. As expected, anthropometric data increase with age. Between 9 and 10 years there are increased weight, height, BMI, and skinfold thicknesses; decreased fitness; and increased television watching. Implementing a Native community-based diabetes prevention program is feasible through participatory research that incorporates Native culture and local expertise.

Please choose payment method:






(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 009998013

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 9388789

DOI: 10.1006/pmed.1997.0241


Related references

Community governance of the Kahnawake Schools Diabetes Prevention Project, Kahnawake Territory, Mohawk Nation, Canada. Health Promotion International 18(3): 177-187, 2003

The Kahnawake Schools Diabetes Prevention Project: community participation in a diabetes primary prevention research project. International Journal of Circumpolar Health 57 Suppl 1: 370-374, 1999

Impact of a diabetes prevention program on body size, physical activity, and diet among Kanien'keha:ka (Mohawk) children 6 to 11 years old: 8-year results from the Kahnawake Schools Diabetes Prevention Project. Pediatrics 115(2): 333-339, 2005

Developing a Code of Research Ethics for research with a Native community in Canada: a report from the Kahnawake Schools Diabetes Prevention Project. International Journal of Circumpolar Health 57 Suppl 1: 38-40, 1999

Implementing participatory intervention and research in communities: lessons from the Kahnawake Schools Diabetes Prevention Project in Canada. Social Science and Medicine 56(6): 1295-1305, 2003

Community-based participatory research: lessons from sharing results with the community: Kahnawake Schools Diabetes Prevention Project. Progress in Community Health Partnerships 1(2): 143-152, 2010

Translating the Diabetes Prevention Program into American Indian and Alaska Native communities: results from the Special Diabetes Program for Indians Diabetes Prevention demonstration project. Diabetes Care 36(7): 2027-2034, 2014

Understanding community-based participatory research through a social movement framework: a case study of the Kahnawake Schools Diabetes Prevention Project. Bmc Public Health 18(1): 487, 2018

Comparison of the dietary intakes of two different groups of children (grades 4 to 6) before and after the Kahnawake Schools Diabetes Prevention Project. Journal of the American Dietetic Association 103(9): 1191-1194, 2003

A multilevel analysis of physical activity interventions implemented in the Kahnawake Schools Diabetes Prevention Project. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise 33(5 Supplement): S210, 2001

Effect of baseline HbA1c level on the development of diabetes by lifestyle intervention in primary healthcare settings: insights from subanalysis of the Japan Diabetes Prevention Program. BMJ Open Diabetes Research and Care 2(1): E000003, 2014

Unpacking the black box: a deconstruction of the programming approach and physical activity interventions implemented in the Kahnawake Schools Diabetes Prevention Project. Health Promotion Practice 6(1): 64-71, 2004

Identification of barriers and facilitators of healthy food choices among children aged 6 to 12 years: from the Kahnawake Schools Diabetes Prevention Project. Ecology of Food and Nutrition 46(2): 101-123, 2007

Prevention of type 2 diabetes by lifestyle intervention in an Australian primary health care setting: Greater Green Triangle (GGT) Diabetes Prevention Project. Bmc Public Health 7: 249, 2007

One-year results of a community-based translation of the Diabetes Prevention Program: Healthy-Living Partnerships to Prevent Diabetes (HELP PD) Project. Diabetes Care 34(7): 1451-1457, 2011