Section 11
Chapter 10,013

The second extracellular loop of the dopamine D2 receptor lines the binding-site crevice

Shi, L.; Javitch, J.A.

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 101(2): 440-445


ISSN/ISBN: 0027-8424
PMID: 14704269
DOI: 10.1073/pnas.2237265100
Accession: 010012451

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The binding site of the dopamine D(2) receptor (D2R), like those of homologous rhodopsin-like G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) that bind small molecules, is contained within a water-accessible crevice formed among its seven transmembrane segments (TMs). The high-resolution structure of bovine rhodopsin, however, revealed that the second extracellular loop (E2), which connects TM4 and TM5, folds down into the transmembrane domain and forms part of the ligand-binding surface for retinal. Whether E2 plays a related role in other rhodopsin-like GPCRs is unclear. To address this issue, we have now mutated to cysteine, one at a time, 10 consecutive residues in E2 of D2R. The reaction of five of these mutants with sulfhydryl reagents inhibited antagonist binding, and bound antagonist protected two, I184C and N186C, from reaction. The pattern of accessibility in E2 is consistent with a structure similar to that of bovine rhodopsin, in which the region C-terminal to the conserved disulfide bond is deeper in the binding-site crevice than is the N-terminal part of E2. Thus, E2 likely contributes to the binding site in the D2R and probably in other aminergic GPCRs as well. Knowledge of its detailed positioning and interactions with ligand would benefit GPCR molecular modeling and facilitate the design of novel drugs.

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