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Two years of crop rotation on sugar cane fields to control root knot nematodes. 2. Comments on the method and reflexes on cane and sugar production



Two years of crop rotation on sugar cane fields to control root knot nematodes. 2. Comments on the method and reflexes on cane and sugar production



Fitopatologia Brasileira 20(4): 597-600



A two years crop rotation program was studied to control root-knot nematode on sugar cane, using a naturally infested field, in the State of Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil. The experimental treatments were: 1. two crops a year of peanut; 2. two crops a year of corn; 3. one crop of corn in the first semester and one crop of peanut in the second semester; 4. sandalo grass (Vetiveria zizanioides); 5. carbofuran (Furadan 5G) at the rate of 50 kg of the commercial product per hectare (2.5 kg a.i./ha) followed by two years crop of sugar cane, variety CB 45-3; and 6. Crotalaria juncea. The experimental design was a complete randomized block with six treatments and ten replicates. The treatments 1, 2 and 3 were the most effective, controlling the nematodes and increasing the yields, with no statistical differences among them. The treatment 3 seems to be the most recommended for the region due to the fact that on June and July, the harvest time for the first crop in rotation, rainfall rates are high and the peanut pods usually are severely affected by fungus rots. Also, the use of C. juncea to substitute the corn is encouraged to reduce the risk of resurgences of Pratylenchus and Meloidogyne populations. No statistical differences were found among all treatments in terms of percentages of the juice components of the cane.

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