Section 11
Chapter 10,055

A comparative study on the morphology and topography of the ciliary ganglion in midday gerbil (Meriones meridianus) and turtle (Agrionemys horsfieldii)

Kuder, T.; Kuchinka, J.; Nowak, E.; Szczurkowski, A.; Radzimirska, M.łg.

Annals of Anatomy 185(4): 351-357


ISSN/ISBN: 0940-9602
PMID: 12924473
DOI: 10.1016/s0940-9602(03)80058-4
Accession: 010054281

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The morphology and topography of the ciliary ganglia in the midday gerbil and turtle were studied with use of histochemical and histological techniques. The ciliary ganglion of the midday gerbil consisted of two cell agglomerations: the main ganglion and the accessory ganglion. The main ganglion was situated in the orbit and usually closely attached to the nerve for the inferior oblique muscle. The short ciliary nerves arose from the superior end of the main ganglion and reached the orbit. The accessory ciliary ganglion was smaller than the main ganglion. Usually it was attached to short ciliary nerves. The ganglionic neurocytes, 25.97 microm in diameter, were distributed regularly over the entire surface of the main ganglion. They typically had a single clear nucleus. The ciliary ganglion in the turtle formed a characteristic triangular structure on the inferior branch of the oculomotor nerve. The histological examination showed a small number of nerve cells in comparison to the nerve fibres. The neurocytes were placed mainly in the nasal part of ganglion and they had an irregular arrangement. The average diameter of neurons was 23.55 microm. Significant differences in density of ganglionic components in both species were observed. In midday gerbil the cells were densely packed and took up about 80% of a cross-section, while, in the turtle, neurocytes were located mainly in the surface part of ganglion.

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