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A comparison of sensitivity between direct plate culture, immunomagnetic separation and polymerase chain reaction for the isolation of enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli O157


A comparison of sensitivity between direct plate culture, immunomagnetic separation and polymerase chain reaction for the isolation of enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli O157



Nihon Saikingaku Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Bacteriology 54(3): 659-665



ISSN/ISBN: 0021-4930

PMID: 10502952

Sensitivities of direct plate culture (DPC) method, immunomagnetic separation (IMS) method, and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay for successful detection Escherichia coli O157 in the food samples were compared. Three lots of minced beef and three lots of radish sprout, both of which were commercially retailed, were enriched with non-selective broth media at 36 degrees C for 6 h. After enrichment, the cultures of the minced beef and those of the radish sprout were found to have background microflora at ca.10(5)-10(7) CFU/ml and ca.10(8) CFU/ml, respectively. The cultures were then experimentally inoculated with E. coli O157 strains at various final concentrations ranging from ca.10 to 10(7) CFU/ml. The samples thus prepared were subjected to the above three methods to evaluate their detection limits. For the samples of minced beef, the detection limits of the DPC method was 10(2) CFU/ml whilst that of the IMS method was ca.10 CFU/ml. For the samples of radish sprout, the detection limits of the DPC method, the IMS method, and the PCR assay were ca.10(4) CFU/ml, ca.10(2) CFU/ml, and ca.10(6) CFU/ml, respectively. There results strongly suggest that the IMS method is most sensitive method for the detection of O157 from food samples among the methods currently available.

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Accession: 010055685

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