Section 11
Chapter 10,071

A modified, optimized kinetic photometric assay for the determination of blood coagulation factor XIII activity in plasma

Kárpáti, L.; Penke, B.; Katona, E.; Balogh, I.; Vámosi, G.; Muszbek, L.

Clinical Chemistry 46(12): 1946-1955


ISSN/ISBN: 0009-9147
PMID: 11106327
DOI: 10.1093/clinchem/46.12.1946
Accession: 010070109

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Background: Blood coagulation factor XIII (FXIII) is a zymogen that is transformed into an active transglutaminase by thrombin and Ca2+. FXIII plays an essential role in fibrin stabilization and in the protection of fibrin from proteolytic degradation. No convenient method has been available for the measurement of FXIII activity in plasma. The aim of the present study was to improve and optimize a kinetic photometric FXIII assay originally developed in our laboratory. Methods: In the assay, FXIII was activated by thrombin and Ca2+. Fibrin polymerization was prevented by an inhibitory tetrapeptide. Glycine-ethyl ester and a glutamine residue of a synthetic dodecapeptide served as acyl acceptor and acyl donor transglutaminase substrates, respectively. The amount of ammonia released during the reaction was monitored using glutamate dehydrogenase and NADPH. Results: The use of a new glutamine substrate and optimization of activator and substrate concentrations increased sensitivity. Substitution of NADPH for NADH and introduction of an appropriate blank eliminated systemic overestimation of FXIII activity. The recovery of FXIII was 96%, the assay was linear up to 470 U/L, the detection limit was 1 U/L, and the imprecision (CV) was <8% even at very low FXIII activities. A reference interval of 108-224 U/L (69-143%) was established. The results correlated well with results obtained by an immunoassay specific for plasma FXIII. Conclusions: The optimized FXIII assay is a simple, rapid method for the diagnosis of inherited or acquired FXIII deficiencies and increased FXIII concentrations. It can be easily adapted to clinical chemistry analyzers.

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