Section 11
Chapter 10,092

A randomized comparison of clopidogrel and aspirin versus ticlopidine and aspirin after the placement of coronary-artery stents

Müller, C.; Büttner, H.J.; Petersen, J.; Roskamm, H.

Circulation 101(6): 590-593


ISSN/ISBN: 0009-7322
PMID: 10673248
DOI: 10.1161/01.cir.101.6.590
Accession: 010091063

Background: The introduction of an effective antiplatelet therapy with aspirin and ticlopidine after the placement of coronary-artery stents has decreased the risk of thrombotic stent occlusions (TSO) and hemorrhagic complications. However, the use of ticlopidine is limited by hematological and gastrointestinal adverse effects. The safety and efficacy of clopidogrel after stenting remains to be established. Methods and Results: After successful coronary stenting during elective or emergency percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty, 700 patients with 899 lesions were randomly assigned to receive a 4-week course of either 500 mg ticlopidine (n=345) or 75 mg clopidogrel (n=355), in addition to 100 mg aspirin. All the following clinical events reflecting TSO were included in the prespecified primary cardiac endpoint: cardiac death, urgent target vessel revascularization, angiographically documented TSO, or nonfatal myocardial infarction within 30 days. The primary noncardiac endpoint was defined as noncardiac death, stroke, severe peripheral vascular or hemorrhagic events, or any adverse event resulting in discontinuation of study medication. Cardiac events occurred in 17 patients (11 (3.1%) with clopidogrel and 6 (1.7%) with ticlopidine (P=0.24)). The primary noncardiac endpoint was observed in 16 patients (4.5%) assigned to receive clopidogrel versus 33 patients (9.6%) assigned to receive ticlopidine (P=0.01). Conclusions: After the placement of coronary-artery stents in unselected patients, antiplatelet therapy with aspirin and clopidogrel seems to be comparably safe and effective as aspirin and ticlopidine. Noncardiac events were significantly reduced with clopidogrel.

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