A simple, sensitive and reproducible assay for pyridoxal 5'-phosphate and 4-pyridoxic acid in human plasma
Bates, C.J.; Pentieva, K.D.; Matthews, N.; Macdonald, A.
Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry 280(1-2): 101-111
We describe a procedure for the measurement of pyridoxal 5'-phosphate and of 4-pyridoxic acid in human plasma samples. It is based on the conversion of pyridoxal 5'-phosphate to 4-pyridoxic acid 5'-phosphate by cyanide in alkaline medium, followed by a high pressure liquid chromatographic separation, with fluorescence detection at acid pH. The assay is robust, sensitive, linear over a wide range, reproducible, and simple to perform. Samples stored at -80degreeC are stable. Satisfactory agreement was obtained with results from the tyrosine decarboxylase-based assay for pyridoxal 5'-phosphate, in two other laboratories. Plasma samples from a National Survey of older British people were analyzed, and reference intervals for plasma pyridoxal 5'-phosphate intervals were derived. From the lower 2.5 percentile of the reference group, taken as the lower cut-off of the normal range, ca. 20% of elderly men and 11% of elderly women in the UK showed evidence of biochemical deficiency.