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Aah VI, a novel, N-glycosylated anti-insect toxin from Androctonus australis hector scorpion venom: isolation, characterisation, and glycan structure determination


Aah VI, a novel, N-glycosylated anti-insect toxin from Androctonus australis hector scorpion venom: isolation, characterisation, and glycan structure determination



Febs Letters 443(2): 175-180



ISSN/ISBN: 0014-5793

PMID: 9989600

DOI: 10.1016/s0014-5793(98)01710-4

Aah VI was isolated from the venom of the North African scorpion, Androctonus australis hector. It is the first glycosylated neurotoxin from scorpion venom to be described. It was not toxic to mice, when injected intracerebroventricularly at a dose of 1.2 microg per animal. However, it had typical activity in Blatella germanica cockroaches resulting in gradual paralysis and very low toxicity (LD50 = 8.5 microg/g of animal). It consists of 66 amino acid residues and is heterogeneously N-glycosylated at a single site, on asparagine 9, of the Asn-Gly-Thr sequence. The potential N-glycosylation site was deduced from automatic Edman degradation and amino acid analysis, and glycan heterogeneity was evidenced by ESMS. Determination of the N-glycan structures (dHex, Hex and HexNAc) was assessed by nanoESMS/MS with picomolar amounts of sample. Current knowledge of N-glycan structure and composition suggests that the glycan structures are derived from a common core.

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Accession: 010109659

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