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Absolute distance perception during in-depth head movement: Calibrating optic flow with extra-retinal information

Absolute distance perception during in-depth head movement: Calibrating optic flow with extra-retinal information

Vision Research 42(16): 1991-2003

We investigated the ability of monocular human observer to scale absolute distance during sagittal head motion in the presence of pure optic flow information. Subjects were presented at eye-level computer-generated spheres (covered with randomly distributed dots) placed at several distances. We compared the condition of self-motion (SM) versus object-motion (OM) using equivalent optic flow field. When the amplitude of head movement was relatively constant, subjects estimated absolute distance rather accurately in both the SM and OM conditions. However, when the amplitude changed on a trial-to-trial basis, subjects' performance deteriorated only in the OM condition. We found that distance judgment in OM condition correlated strongly with optic flow divergence, and that non-visual cues served as important factors for scaling distances in SM condition. Absolute distance also seemed to be better scaled with sagittal head movement when compared with lateral head translation.

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Accession: 010112957

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 12160571

DOI: 10.1016/s0042-6989(02)00120-7

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