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Absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion of N-octylbicycloheptene dicarboximide (MGK 264) administered orally to rats


Absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion of N-octylbicycloheptene dicarboximide (MGK 264) administered orally to rats



Journal of Toxicology Cutaneous and Ocular Toxicology 18(4): 291-310



ISSN/ISBN: 0731-3829

DOI: 10.3109/15569529909065547

Experiments were conducted in four groups of rats to determine the absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion (ADME) patterns following oral administration of (hexyl-1-14C) N-octylbicycloheptene dicarboximide (MGK 264). Ten rats (five males and five females) were used in each of the four experiments. Fasted rats were administered (hexyl-1-14C) MGK 264 at a single oral dose of 100 mg/kg, at a single oral dose of 1000 mg/kg, and at a daily oral dose of 100 mg/kg of nonradiolabeled compound for 14 days followed by a single dose of 14C-labeled compound at 100 mg/kg. Rat blood kinetics were determined in the fourth group following a single oral dose of 100 mg/kg. Each animal was administered 18-30 muCi radioactivity. Urine and feces were collected for all groups at predetermined time intervals. Seven days after dose administration, the rats were euthanized and selected tissues and organs were harvested. Samples of urine, feces, and tissues were subsequently analyzed for 14C content. In the blood kinetics study, radioactivity peaked at approximately 4 h for the males and 6 h for the females. The decline of radioactivity from blood followed a monophasic elimination pattern. The half-life of blood radioactivity was approximately 8 h for males and 6 h for females. Female rats excreted 71.45-73.05% of the radioactivity in urine and 20.87-25.28% in feces, whereas male rats excreted 49.49-63.49% of the administered radioactivity in urine and 31.76-46.67% in feces. Total tissue residues of radioactivity at 7 days ranged from 0.13 to 0.43% of the administered dose for all dosage regimens. The only tissues with 14C residues consistently higher than that of plasma were the liver, stomach, intestines, and carcass. The total mean recovered radioactivity of the administered dose in the studies ranged between 93.1 and 97.4%. No parent compound was detected in the urine. Four major metabolites and one minor metabolite were isolated from the urine by high-performan ce liquid chromatography (HPLC) and identified by gas chromatography/mass spectometry (GC/MS) and liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry (LC/MS). The four major metabolites were shown to be carboxylic acids produced by either omega-1 oxidation or beta-oxidation of the side chain and oxidation of the norbornene ring double bond. The minor metabolite was the carboxylic acid of the intact norbornene ring. The gender of the animals affected the rate, route of excretion, and metabolic profile. The urinary excretion rate was faster in females than in males and the amount excreted was also greater in female rats.

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Accession: 010113245

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