Acetylation of nuclear hormone receptor-interacting protein RIP140 regulates binding of the transcriptional corepressor CtBP
Vo, N.; Fjeld, C.; Goodman, R.H.
Molecular and Cellular Biology 21(18): 6181-6188
CtBP (carboxyl-terminal binding protein) participates in regulating cellular development and differentiation by associating with a diverse array of transcriptional repressors. Most of these interactions occur through a consensus CtBP-binding motif, PXDLS, in the repressor proteins. We previously showed that the CtBP-binding motif in E1A is flanked by a Lys residue and suggested that acetylation of this residue by the p300/CBP-associated factor P/CAF disrupts the CtBP interaction. In this study, we show that the interaction between CtBP and the nuclear hormone receptor corepressor RIP140 is regulated similarly, in this case by p300/CBP itself. CtBP was shown to interact with RIP140 in vitro and in vivo through a sequence, PIDLSCK, in the amino-terminal third of the RIP140 protein. Acetylation of the Lys residue in this motif, demonstrated in vivo by using an acetylated RIP140-specific antibody, dramatically reduced CtBP binding. Mutation of the Lys residue to Gln resulted in a decrease in CtBP binding in vivo and a loss of transcriptional repression. We suggest that p300/CBP-mediated acetylation disrupts the RIP140-CtBP complex and derepresses nuclear hormone receptor-regulated genes. Disruption of repressor-CtBP interactions by acetylation may be a general mode of gene activation.