Section 11

EurekaMag Full Text Articles Chapter 10,122


Abe, M.; Umehara, F.; Kubota, R.; Moritoyo, T.; Izumo, S.; Osame, M. 1999: Activation of macrophages/microglia with the calcium-binding proteins MRP14 and MRP8 is related to the lesional activities in the spinal cord of HTLV-I associated myelopathy. Journal of Neurology 246(5): 358-364
Bauer, C.; Boy, M.; Faber, K.; Felfer, U.; Voss, H. 2001: Activation of mandelate racemase via immobilization in lyotropic liquid crystals for biocatalysis in organic solvents: Application and modeling. Journal of Molecular Catalysis B Enzymatic 16(2): 91-100, 5 December
Möller, C.; Xiang, Z.; Nilsson, G. 2003: Activation of mast cells by immunoglobulin E-receptor cross-linkage, but not through adenosine receptors, induces A1 expression and promotes survival. Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology 33(8): 1135-1140
Baumruker, T.; Csonga, R.; Pursch, E.; Pfeffer, A.; Urtz, N.; Sutton, S.; Bofill-Cardona, E.; Cooke, M.; Prieschl, E. 2003: Activation of mast cells by incorporation of cholesterol into rafts. International Immunology 15(10): 1207-1218
Dugina, T.N.; Kiseleva, E.V.; Glusa, E.; Strukova, S.M. 2003: Activation of mast cells induced by agonists of proteinase-activated receptors under normal conditions and during acute inflammation in rats. European Journal of Pharmacology 471(2): 141-147
Mujumdar, V.S.; Smiley, L.M.; Tyagi, S.C. 2001: Activation of matrix metalloproteinase dilates and decreases cardiac tensile strength. International Journal of Cardiology 79(2-3): 277-286
Choi, B.K.; Jung, J.H.; Suh, H.Y.; Yoo, Y.J.; Cho, K.S.; Chai, J.K.; Kim, C.K. 2001: Activation of matrix metalloproteinase-2 by a novel oral spirochetal species Treponema lecithinolyticum. Journal of Periodontology 72(11): 1594-1600
Zhang, H.J.; Zhao, W.; Venkataraman, S.; Robbins, M.E.C.; Buettner, G.R.; Kregel, K.C.; Oberley, L.W. 2002: Activation of matrix metalloproteinase-2 by overexpression of manganese superoxide dismutase in human breast cancer MCF-7 cells involves reactive oxygen species. Journal of Biological Chemistry 277(23): 20919-20926
Takahashi, Y.; Kawahara, F.; Noguchi, M.; Miwa, K.; Sato, H.; Seiki, M.; Inoue, H.; Tanabe, T.; Yoshimoto, T. 1999: Activation of matrix metalloproteinase-2 in human breast cancer cells overexpressing cyclooxygenase-1 or -2. FEBS Letters 460(1): 145-148
Holopainen, J.M.; Moilanen, J.A.O.; Sorsa, T.; Kivelä-Rajamäki, M.; Tervahartiala, T.; Vesaluoma, M.H.; Tervo, T.M.T. 2003: Activation of matrix metalloproteinase-8 by membrane type 1-MMP and their expression in human tears after photorefractive keratectomy. IOVS Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science 44(6): 2550-2556
Ramos-DeSimone, N.; Hahn-Dantona, E.; Sipley, J.; Nagase, H.; French, D.L.; Quigley, J.P. 1999: Activation of matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) via a converging plasmin/stromelysin-1 cascade enhances tumor cell invasion. Journal of Biological Chemistry 274(19): 13066-13076
Okamoto, T.; Akaike, T.; Sawa, T.; Miyamoto, Y.; van der Vliet, A.; Maeda, H. 2001: Activation of matrix metalloproteinases by peroxynitrite-induced protein S-glutathiolation via disulfide S-oxide formation. Journal of Biological Chemistry 276(31): 29596-29602
Johnson, J.L.; Jackson, C.L.; Angelini, G.D.; George, S.J. 1998: Activation of matrix-degrading metalloproteinases by mast cell proteases in atherosclerotic plaques. Arteriosclerosis Thrombosis and Vascular Biology 18(11): 1707-1715
Toschi, E.; Barillari, G.; Sgadari, C.; Bacigalupo, I.; Cereseto, A.; Carlei, D.; Palladino, C.; Zietz, C.; Leone, P.; Stürzl, M.; Buttò, S.; Cafaro, A.; Monini, P.; Ensoli, B. 2001: Activation of matrix-metalloproteinase-2 and membrane-type-1-matrix-metalloproteinase in endothelial cells and induction of vascular permeability in vivo by human immunodeficiency virus-1 Tat protein and basic fibroblast growth factor. Molecular Biology of the Cell 12(10): 2934-2946
Morinaga, C.; Izumi, K.; Sawada, H.; Takagi Sawada, M. 2000: Activation of maturation promoting factor and 26S proteasome assembly accelerated by a high concentration of 1-methyladenine in starfish oocytes. Bioscience Biotechnology and Biochemistry 64(2): 268-274
Maison, S.; Micheyl, C.; Andéol, G.; Gallégo, S.; Collet, L. 2000: Activation of medial olivocochlear efferent system in humans: Influence of stimulus bandwidth. Hearing Research 140(1-2): 111-125
Martin, W.J.; McGowan, E.; Cashen, D.E.; Gantert, L.T.; Drisko, J.E.; Hom, G.J.; Nargund, R.; Sebhat, I.; Howard, A.D.; Van der Ploeg, L.H.T.; MacIntyre, D.Euan. 2002: Activation of melanocortin MC(4) receptors increases erectile activity in rats ex copula. European Journal of Pharmacology 454(1): 71-79
Ancans, J.; Thody, A.J. 2000: Activation of melanogenesis by vacuolar type H(+)-ATPase inhibitors in amelanotic, tyrosinase positive human and mouse melanoma cells. FEBS Letters 478(1-2): 57-60
Jang, S.J.; Soria, J.C.; Wang, L.; Hassan, K.A.; Morice, R.C.; Walsh, G.L.; Hong, W.K.; Mao, L. 2001: Activation of melanoma antigen tumor antigens occurs early in lung carcinogenesis. Cancer Research 61(21): 7959-7963
Huan, C.; Zhou, M.; Wu, M.; Zhang, Z.; Mei, Y. 2001: Activation of melatonin receptor increases a delayed rectifier K+ current in rat cerebellar granule cells. Brain Research 917(2): 182-190
Liu, W.; Schoenkerman, A.; Lowe, W.L. 2000: Activation of members of the mitogen-activated protein kinase family by glucose in endothelial cells. American Journal of Physiology. Endocrinology and Metabolism 279(4): E782-E790
Lavillette, D.; Boson, B.; Russell, S.J.; Cosset, F.L. 2001: Activation of membrane fusion by murine leukemia viruses is controlled in cis or in trans by interactions between the receptor-binding domain and a conserved disulfide loop of the carboxy terminus of the surface glycoprotein. Journal of Virology 75(8): 3685-3695
Kang, T.; Nagase, H.; Pei, D. 2002: Activation of membrane-type matrix metalloproteinase 3 zymogen by the proprotein convertase furin in the trans-Golgi network. Cancer Research 62(3): 675-681
Hutson, P.H.; Barton, C.L.; Jay, M.; Blurton, P.; Burkamp, F.; Clarkson, R.; Bristow, L.J. 2000: Activation of mesolimbic dopamine function by phencyclidine is enhanced by 5-HT(2C/2B) receptor antagonists: neurochemical and behavioural studies. Neuropharmacology 39(12): 2318-2328
Lin, X.; Chen, S.; Chen, P. 2000: Activation of metabotropic GABAB receptors inhibited glutamate responses in spiral ganglion neurons of mice. Neuroreport 11(5): 957-961
Stoop, R.; Conquet, Fçois.; Zuber, B.; Voronin, L.L.; Pralong, E. 2003: Activation of metabotropic glutamate 5 and NMDA receptors underlies the induction of persistent bursting and associated long-lasting changes in CA3 recurrent connections. Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience 23(13): 5634-5644
Lan, J.Y.; Skeberdis, V.A.; Jover, T.; Zheng, X.; Bennett, M.V.; Zukin, R.S. 2001: Activation of metabotropic glutamate receptor 1 accelerates NMDA receptor trafficking. Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience 21(16): 6058-6068
Wittmann, M.; Hubert, G.W.; Smith, Y.; Conn, P.J. 2001: Activation of metabotropic glutamate receptor 1 inhibits glutamatergic transmission in the substantia nigra pars reticulata. Neuroscience 105(4): 881-889
Awad, H.; Hubert, G.W.; Smith, Y.; Levey, A.I.; Conn, P.J. 2000: Activation of metabotropic glutamate receptor 5 has direct excitatory effects and potentiates NMDA receptor currents in neurons of the subthalamic nucleus. Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience 20(21): 7871-7879
Yu, M.-F.; Lin, W.-W.; Li, L.-T.; Yin, H.-S. 2003: Activation of metabotropic glutamate receptor 5 is associated with effect of amphetamine on brain neurons. Synapse 50(4): 334-344
O'Malley, K.L.; Jong, Y.-J.I.; Gonchar, Y.; Burkhalter, A.; Romano, C. 2003: Activation of metabotropic glutamate receptor mGlu5 on nuclear membranes mediates intranuclear Ca2+ changes in heterologous cell types and neurons. Journal of Biological Chemistry 278(30): 28210-28219
Mao, L.; Wang, J.Q. 2002: Activation of metabotropic glutamate receptor mediates upregulation of transcription factor mRNA expression in rat striatum induced by acute administration of amphetamine. Brain Research 924(2): 167-175, 11 January
Calabresi, P.; Saulle, E.; Marfia, G.A.; Centonze, D.; Mulloy, R.; Picconi, B.; Hipskind, R.A.; Conquet, F.; Bernardi, G. 2001: Activation of metabotropic glutamate receptor subtype 1/protein kinase C/mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway is required for postischemic long-term potentiation in the striatum. Molecular Pharmacology 60(4): 808-815
Bandrowski, A.E.; Moore, S.L.; Ashe, J.H. 2002: Activation of metabotropic glutamate receptors by repetitive stimulation in auditory cortex. Synapse 44(3): 146-157
Zhang, D.; Kuromi, H.; Kidokoro, Y. 1999: Activation of metabotropic glutamate receptors enhances synaptic transmission at the Drosophila neuromuscular junction. Neuropharmacology 38(5): 645-657
Bennett, H.J.; White, T.D.; Semba, K. 2000: Activation of metabotropic glutamate receptors increases extracellular adenosine in vivo. Neuroreport 11(16): 3489-3492
Martin, S.J. 2001: Activation of metabotropic glutamate receptors induces gamma frequency oscillations in the rat dentate gyrus in vivo. Neuropharmacology 40(4): 634-637
Lee, H.S.; Chong, W.; Han, S.K.; Lee, M.H.; Ryu, P.D. 2001: Activation of metabotropic glutamate receptors inhibits GABAergic transmission in the rat subfornical organ. Neuroscience 102(2): 401-411
Linn, C.L.; Gafka, A.C. 1999: Activation of metabotropic glutamate receptors modulates the voltage-gated sustained calcium current in a teleost horizontal cell. Journal of Neurophysiology 81(2): 425-434
Kieffer, P.; Giummelly, P.; Schjoth, B.; Carteaux, J.P.; Villemot, J.P.; Hornebeck, W.; Atkinson, J. 2001: Activation of metalloproteinase-2, loss of matrix scleroprotein content and coronary artery calcification. Atherosclerosis 157(1): 251-254
Murphy, B.J.; Andrews, G.K.; Bittel, D.; Discher, D.J.; McCue, J.; Green, C.J.; Yanovsky, M.; Giaccia, A.; Sutherland, R.M.; Laderoute, K.R.; Webster, K.A. 1999: Activation of metallothionein gene expression by hypoxia involves metal response elements and metal transcription factor-1. Cancer Research 59(6): 1315-1322
Nikolajeva, V.; Eze, D.; Petrina, Z.; Muiznieks, I. 1999: Activation of mice peritoneal macrophages by adenylate deaminase from Penicillium lanoso-viride. Proceedings of the Latvian Academy of Sciences Section B Natural Exact and Applied Sciences 53(1): 12-15
Takeshita, S.; Takeshita, F.; Haddad, D.E.; Janabi, N.; Klinman, D.M. 2001: Activation of microglia and astrocytes by CpG oligodeoxynucleotides. Neuroreport 12(14): 3029-3032
Wilms, H.; Rosenstiel, P.; Sievers, J.; Deuschl, Günther.; Zecca, L.; Lucius, R. 2003: Activation of microglia by human neuromelanin is NF-kappaB dependent and involves p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase: implications for Parkinson's disease. Faseb Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology 17(3): 500-502
Barger, S.W.; Basile, A.S. 2001: Activation of microglia by secreted amyloid precursor protein evokes release of glutamate by cystine exchange and attenuates synaptic function. Journal of Neurochemistry 76(3): 846-854
Hansen, R.; Sauder, C.; Czub, S.; Bachmann, E.; Schimmer, S.; Hegyi, A.; Czub, M. 2001: Activation of microglia cells is dispensable for the induction of rat retroviral spongiform encephalopathy. Journal of Neurovirology 7(6): 501-510
Shin, D.H.; Lee, H.Y.; Lee, H.W.; Lee, K.H.; Lim, H.S.; Jeon, G.S.; Cho, S.S.; Hwang, D.H. 2000: Activation of microglia in kainic acid induced rat retinal apoptosis. Neuroscience Letters 292(3): 159-162
Rogove, A.D.; Siao, C.; Keyt, B.; Strickland, S.; Tsirka, S.E. 1999: Activation of microglia reveals a non-proteolytic cytokine function for tissue plasminogen activator in the central nervous system. Journal of Cell Science 112: 4007-4016
Nakajima, K.; Kohsaka, S.; Tohyama, Y.; Kurihara, T. 2003: Activation of microglia with lipopolysaccharide leads to the prolonged decrease of conventional protein kinase C activity. Brain Research. Molecular Brain Research 110(1): 92-99
Silei, V.; Fabrizi, C.; Venturini, G.; Salmona, M.; Bugiani, O.; Tagliavini, F.; Lauro, G.M. 1999: Activation of microglial cells by PrP and beta-amyloid fragments raises intracellular calcium through L-type voltage sensitive calcium channels. Brain Research 818(1): 168-170
Tan, J.; Town, T.; Paris, D.; Placzek, A.; Parker, T.; Crawford, F.; Yu, H.; Humphrey, J.; Mullan, M. 1999: Activation of microglial cells by the CD40 pathway: relevance to multiple sclerosis. Journal of Neuroimmunology 97(1-2): 77-85
Taylor, D.L.; Diemel, L.T.; Pocock, J.M. 2003: Activation of microglial group III metabotropic glutamate receptors protects neurons against microglial neurotoxicity. Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience 23(6): 2150-2160
Taura Ki, K-ichiro.; Yamada, H.; Naito, E.; Ariyoshi, N.; Mori Ma, M-aki.; Oguri, K. 2002: Activation of microsomal epoxide hydrolase by interaction with cytochromes P450: kinetic analysis of the association and substrate-specific activation of epoxide hydrolase function. Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics 402(2): 275-280
Onderwater, R.C.; Commandeur, J.N.; Menge, W.M.; Vermeulen, N.P. 1999: Activation of microsomal glutathione S-transferase and inhibition of cytochrome P450 1A1 activity as a model system for detecting protein alkylation by thiourea-containing compounds in rat liver microsomes. Chemical Research in Toxicology 12(5): 396-402
Fulda, S.; Scaffidi, C.; Susin, S.A.; Krammer, P.H.; Kroemer, G.; Peter, M.E.; Debatin, K.M. 1998: Activation of mitochondria and release of mitochondrial apoptogenic factors by betulinic acid. Journal of Biological Chemistry 273(51): 33942-33948
Sasaki, N.; Sato, T.; Ohler, A.; O'Rourke, B.; Marbán, E. 2000: Activation of mitochondrial ATP-dependent potassium channels by nitric oxide. Circulation 101(4): 439-445
Liu, D.; Lu, C.; Wan, R.; Auyeung, W.W.; Mattson, M.P. 2002: Activation of mitochondrial ATP-dependent potassium channels protects neurons against ischemia-induced death by a mechanism involving suppression of Bax translocation and cytochrome c release. Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism: Official Journal of the International Society of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism 22(4): 431-443
Wang, Y.; Hirai, K.; Ashraf, M. 1999: Activation of mitochondrial ATP-sensitive K(+) channel for cardiac protection against ischemic injury is dependent on protein kinase C activity. Circulation Research 85(8): 731-741
Tai, K-Keung.; McCrossan, Z.A.; Abbott, G.W. 2003: Activation of mitochondrial ATP-sensitive potassium channels increases cell viability against rotenone-induced cell death. Journal of Neurochemistry 84(5): 1193-1200
Rajapakse, N.; Shimizu, K.; Kis, Béla.; Snipes, J.; Lacza, Z.; Busija, D. 2002: Activation of mitochondrial ATP-sensitive potassium channels prevents neuronal cell death after ischemia in neonatal rats. Neuroscience Letters 327(3): 208-212
Takashi, E.; Wang, Y.; Ashraf, M. 1999: Activation of mitochondrial K(ATP) channel elicits late preconditioning against myocardial infarction via protein kinase C signaling pathway. Circulation Research 85(12): 1146-1153
Majewski, M.; Nieborowska-Skorska, M.; Salomoni, P.; Slupianek, A.; Reiss, K.; Trotta, R.; Calabretta, B.; Skorski, T. 1999: Activation of mitochondrial Raf-1 is involved in the antiapoptotic effects of Akt. Cancer Research 59(12): 2815-2819
Castaneda, M.P.; Swiatecka-Urban, A.; Mitsnefes, M.M.; Feuerstein, D.; Kaskel, F.J.; Tellis, V.; Devarajan, P. 2003: Activation of mitochondrial apoptotic pathways in human renal allografts after ischemiareperfusion injury. Transplantation 76(1): 50-54
Lotková, H.; Rauchová, H.; Drahota, Z. 2001: Activation of mitochondrial glycerophosphate cytochrome c reductase in regenerating rat liver by triiodothyronine. Physiological Research 50(3): 333-336
Sugiyama, T.; Shimizu, S.; Matsuoka, Y.; Yoneda, Y.; Tsujimoto, Y. 2002: Activation of mitochondrial voltage-dependent anion channel by a pro-apoptotic BH3-only protein Bim. Oncogene 21(32): 4944-4956, 25 July
Kansra, S.V.; Reddy, M.A.; Weng, Y.I.; Shukla, S.D. 1999: Activation of mitogen activated protein kinase in human platelets by genistein. Pharmacological Research 39(1): 21-31
Hendron, E.; Stockand, J.D. 2002: Activation of mitogen-activated protein kinase (mitogen-activated protein kinase/extracellular signal-regulated kinase) cascade by aldosterone. Molecular Biology of the Cell 13(9): 3042-3054
Brinkmann, M.M.; Glenn, M.; Rainbow, L.; Kieser, A.; Henke-Gendo, C.; Schulz, T.F. 2003: Activation of mitogen-activated protein kinase and NF-kappaB pathways by a Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus K15 membrane protein. Journal of Virology 77(17): 9346-9358
Gioeli, D.; Mandell, J.W.; Petroni, G.R.; Frierson, H.F.; Weber, M.J. 1999: Activation of mitogen-activated protein kinase associated with prostate cancer progression. Cancer Research 59(2): 279-284
Horikawa, Y.; Shatos, M.A.; Hodges, R.R.; Zoukhri, D.; Rios, J.D.; Chang, E.L.; Bernardino, C.R.; Rubin, P.A.D.; Dartt, D.A. 2003: Activation of mitogen-activated protein kinase by cholinergic agonists and EGF in human compared with rat cultured conjunctival goblet cells. IOVS Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science 44(6): 2535-2544
Chen, X.; Resh, M.D. 2001: Activation of mitogen-activated protein kinase by membrane-targeted Raf chimeras is independent of raft localization. Journal of Biological Chemistry 276(37): 34617-34623
Yang, C.M.; Chiu, C.T.; Wang, C.C.; Chien, C.S.; Hsiao, L.D.; Lin, C.C.; Tu, M.T.; Pan, S.L. 2000: Activation of mitogen-activated protein kinase by oxidized low-density lipoprotein in canine cultured vascular smooth muscle cells. Cellular Signalling 12(4): 205-214
Seidel, M.G.; Klinger, M.; Freissmuth, M.; Höller, C. 1999: Activation of mitogen-activated protein kinase by the A(2A)-adenosine receptor via a rap1-dependent and via a p21(ras)-dependent pathway. Journal of Biological Chemistry 274(36): 25833-25841
Blaukat, A.; Pizard, A.; Rajerison, R.M.; Alhenc-Gelas, F.; Müller-Esterl, W.; Dikic, I. 1999: Activation of mitogen-activated protein kinase by the bradykinin B2 receptor is independent of receptor phosphorylation and phosphorylation-triggered internalization. FEBS Letters 451(3): 337-341
Holzer, M.; Gärtner, U.; Klinz, F.J.; Narz, F.; Heumann, R.; Arendt, T. 2001: Activation of mitogen-activated protein kinase cascade and phosphorylation of cytoskeletal proteins after neurone-specific activation of p21ras. I. Mitogen-activated protein kinase cascade. Neuroscience 105(4): 1031-1040
Holzer, M.; Rödel, L.; Seeger, G.; Gärtner, U.; Narz, F.; Janke, C.; Heumann, R.; Arendt, T. 2001: Activation of mitogen-activated protein kinase cascade and phosphorylation of cytoskeletal proteins after neurone-specific activation of p21ras. II. Cytoskeletal proteins and dendritic morphology. Neuroscience 105(4): 1041-1054
Pei, L. 2000: Activation of mitogen-activated protein kinase cascade regulates pituitary tumor-transforming gene transactivation function. Journal of Biological Chemistry 275(40): 31191-31198
Gallea, S.; Lallemand, F.; Atfi, A.; Rawadi, G.; Ramez, V.; Spinella-Jaegle, S.; Kawai, S.; Faucheu, C.; Huet, L.; Baron, R.; Roman-Roman, S. 2001: Activation of mitogen-activated protein kinase cascades is involved in regulation of bone morphogenetic protein-2-induced osteoblast differentiation in pluripotent C2C12 cells. Bone 28(5): 491-498
Lee, Y.-F.; Lin, W.-J.; Huang, J.; Messing, E.M.; Chan, F.L.; Wilding, G.; Chang, C. 2002: Activation of mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway by the antiandrogen hydroxyflutamide in androgen receptor-negative prostate cancer cells. Cancer Research 62(21): 6039-6044
Komalavilas, P.; Shah, P.K.; Jo, H.; Lincoln, T.M. 1999: Activation of mitogen-activated protein kinase pathways by cyclic GMP and cyclic GMP-dependent protein kinase in contractile vascular smooth muscle cells. Journal of Biological Chemistry 274(48): 34301-34309
Lambeng, N.; Willaime-Morawek, S.; Mariani, J.; Ruberg, M.; Brugg, B. 2003: Activation of mitogen-activated protein kinase pathways during the death of PC12 cells is dependent on the state of differentiation. Brain Research. Molecular Brain Research 111(1-2): 52-60
Yu, R.; Chen, C.; Mo, Y.Y.; Hebbar, V.; Owuor, E.D.; Tan, T.H.; Kong, A.N. 2000: Activation of mitogen-activated protein kinase pathways induces antioxidant response element-mediated gene expression via a Nrf2-dependent mechanism. Journal of Biological Chemistry 275(51): 39907-39913
Zhang, T.; Mulvaney, J.M.; Roberson, M.S. 2001: Activation of mitogen-activated protein kinase phosphatase 2 by gonadotropin-releasing hormone. Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology 172(1-2): 79-89
Tanaka, M. 1999: Activation of mitogen-activated protein kinase subgroups in rat gastric epithelial cells by interleukin-1beta. Journal of the Osaka City Medical Center 48(3-4): 323-335
Qiang, Y.W.; Kitagawa, M.; Higashi, M.; Ishii, G.; Morimoto, C.; Harigaya, K. 2000: Activation of mitogen-activated protein kinase through alpha5/beta1 integrin is required for cell cycle progression of B progenitor cell line, Reh, on human marrow stromal cells. Experimental Hematology 28(10): 1147-1157
Kelly, A.; Laroche, S.; Davis, S. 2003: Activation of mitogen-activated protein kinase/extracellular signal-regulated kinase in hippocampal circuitry is required for consolidation and reconsolidation of recognition memory. Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience 23(12): 5354-5360
Li, B.S.; Veeranna; Gu, J.; Grant, P.; Pant, H.C. 1999: Activation of mitogen-activated protein kinases (Erk1 and Erk2) cascade results in phosphorylation of NF-M tail domains in transfected NIH 3T3 cells. European Journal of Biochemistry 262(1): 211-217
Tan, Z.; Chang, X.; Puga, A.; Xia, Y. 2002: Activation of mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) by aromatic hydrocarbons: Role in the regulation of aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) function. Biochemical Pharmacology 64(5-6): 771-780
Wu, D.C.; Ye, W.; Che, X.M.; Yang, G.Y. 2000: Activation of mitogen-activated protein kinases after permanent cerebral artery occlusion in mouse brain. Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism: Official Journal of the International Society of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism 20(9): 1320-1330
Sugino, T.; Nozaki, K.; Takagi, Y.; Hattori, I.; Hashimoto, N.; Moriguchi, T.; Nishida, E. 2000: Activation of mitogen-activated protein kinases after transient forebrain ischemia in gerbil hippocampus. Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience 20(12): 4506-4514
Hu, X.; Flaws, J.A.; Sipes, I.G.; Hoyer, P.B. 2002: Activation of mitogen-activated protein kinases and AP-1 transcription factor in ovotoxicity induced by 4-vinylcyclohexene diepoxide in rats. Biology of Reproduction 67(3): 718-724
Yu, Z.P.; Matsuoka, M.; Wispriyono, B.; Iryo, Y.; Igisu, H. 2000: Activation of mitogen-activated protein kinases by tributyltin in CCRF-CEM cells: role of intracellular Ca(2+). Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology 168(3): 200-207
Greenway, S.C.; Storey, K.B. 2000: Activation of mitogen-activated protein kinases during natural freezing and thawing in the wood frog. Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry 209(1-2): 29-37
Kim, S.; Iwao, H. 1999: Activation of mitogen-activated protein kinases in cardiovascular hypertrophy and remodeling. Japanese Journal of Pharmacology 80(2): 97-102
Dabrowski, A.; Tribillo, I.; Dabrowska, M.I.; Wereszczynska-Siemiatkowska, U.; Gabryelewicz, A. 2000: Activation of mitogen-activated protein kinases in different models of pancreatic acinar cell damage. Zeitschrift für Gastroenterologie 38(6): 469-481
Shin, T.; Ahn, M.; Jung, K.; Heo, S.; Kim, D.; Jee, Y.; Lim, Y-Kyu.; Yeo, E-Ju. 2003: Activation of mitogen-activated protein kinases in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis. Journal of Neuroimmunology 140(1-2): 118-125
Lennmyr, F.; Karlsson, S.; Gerwins, P.; Ata, K.A.; Terént, A. 2002: Activation of mitogen-activated protein kinases in experimental cerebral ischemia. Acta Neurologica Scandinavica 106(6): 333-340
Sugino, T.; Nozaki, K.; Hashimoto, N. 2000: Activation of mitogen-activated protein kinases in gerbil hippocampus with ischemic tolerance induced by 3-nitropropionic acid. Neuroscience Letters 278(1-2): 101-104
Talmor, D.; Applebaum, A.; Rudich, A.; Shapira, Y.; Tirosh, A. 2000: Activation of mitogen-activated protein kinases in human heart during cardiopulmonary bypass. Circulation Research 86(9): 1004-1007
Omura, T.; Yoshiyama, M.; Shimada, T.; Shimizu, N.; Kim, S.; Iwao, H.; Takeuchi, K.; Yoshikawa, J. 1999: Activation of mitogen-activated protein kinases in in vivo ischemia/reperfused myocardium in rats. Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology 31(6): 1269-1279
Yoshida, K.; Yoshiyama, M.; Omura, T.; Nakamura, Y.; Kim, S.; Takeuchi, K.; Iwao, H.; Yoshikawa, J. 2001: Activation of mitogen-activated protein kinases in the non-ischemic myocardium of an acute myocardial infarction in rats. Japanese Circulation Journal 65(9): 808-814
Spector, M.; Nguyen, V.A.; Sheng, X.; He, L.; Woodward, J.; Fan, S.; Baumgarten, C.M.; Kunos, G.; Dent, P.; Gao, B. 2000: Activation of mitogen-activated protein kinases is required for alpha1-adrenergic agonist-induced cell scattering in transfected HepG2 cells. Experimental Cell Research 258(1): 109-120
Schröder, N.W.; Pfeil, D.; Opitz, B.; Michelsen, K.S.; Amberger, J.; Zähringer, U.; Göbel, U.B.; Schumann, R.R. 2001: Activation of mitogen-activated protein kinases p42/44, p38, and stress-activated protein kinases in myelo-monocytic cells by Treponema lipoteichoic acid. Journal of Biological Chemistry 276(13): 9713-9719
Dixon, R.; Brunskill, N.J. 1999: Activation of mitogenic pathways by albumin in kidney proximal tubule epithelial cells: implications for the pathophysiology of proteinuric states. Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: Jasn 10(7): 1487-1497
Fukata, Y.ko; Oshiro, Noriko; Kaibuchi, Kozo 1999: Activation of moesin and adducin by Rho-kinase downstream of Rho. Biophysical Chemistry 82(2-3): 139-147
Janelle, M.-E.; Gravel, A.; Gosselin, J.; Tremblay, M.J.; Flamand, L. 2002: Activation of monocyte cyclooxygenase-2 gene expression by human herpesvirus 6. Role for cyclic AMP-responsive element-binding protein and activator protein-1. Journal of Biological Chemistry 277(34): 30665-30674
Lauw, F.N.; te Velde, A.A.; Dekkers, P.E.; Speelman, P.; Aerts, J.M.; Hack, C.E.; van Deventer, S.J.; van der Poll, T. 1999: Activation of mononuclear cells by interleukin-12: An in vivo study in chimpanzees. Journal of Clinical Immunology 19(4): 231-238
Smirnova; Muromtsev; Osipenko; Khavkin; Yaguzhinsky 1998: Activation of morphogenesis and proliferation by low specificity chemical effectors. BIOCHEMISTRY. Biokhimiia 63(9): 1021-1028
Dobashi, H.; Seki, S.; Habu, Y.; Ohkawa, T.; Takeshita, S.; Hiraide, H.; Sekine, I. 1999: Activation of mouse liver natural killer cells and NK1.1(+) T cells by bacterial superantigen-primed Kupffer cells. Hepatology 30(2): 430-436
Lee, S.E.; Choi, S.E.; Kim, J.H.; Kim, K.S.; Kang, Y. 2001: Activation of mouse macrophage by soluble endogenous murine leukemia virus (MuLV) envelope protein. Immunology Letters 79(3): 221-227
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Balagué, C.; Véscovi, E.G. 2001: Activation of multiple antibiotic resistance in uropathogenic Escherichia coli strains by aryloxoalcanoic acid compounds. Antimicrobial Agents and ChemoTherapy 45(6): 1815-1822
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Krueger, J.K.; Gallagher, S.C.; Zhi, G.; Geguchadze, R.; Persechini, A.; Stull, J.T.; Trewhella, J. 2001: Activation of myosin light chain kinase requires translocation of bound calmodulin. Journal of Biological Chemistry 276(7): 4535-4538
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Mori, N.; Yamamoto, N.; Fujii, M. 1999: Activation of nuclear factor-kappaB/Rel proteins by human T-Cell leukemia virus type I. Acta Medica et Biologica 47(3): 85-96
Wang, S.; Kotamraju, S.; Konorev, E.; Kalivendi, S.; Joseph, J.; Kalyanaraman, B. 2002: Activation of nuclear factor-kappaB during doxorubicin-induced apoptosis in endothelial cells and myocytes is pro-apoptotic: the role of hydrogen peroxide. Biochemical Journal 367(Part 3): 729-740
Holderman, M.T.; Miller, K.P.; Ramos, K.S. 2000: Activation of nuclear protein binding to the antioxidant/electrophile response element in vascular smooth muscle cells by benzo(a)pyrene. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 267(1): 12-16
Li, Y.; Lambert, M.H.; Xu, H.Eric. 2003: Activation of nuclear receptors: A perspective from structural genomics. Structure 11(7): 741-746
Panet, H.; Barzilai, A.; Daily, D.; Melamed, E.; Offen, D. 2001: Activation of nuclear transcription factor kappa B (NF-kappaB) is essential for dopamine-induced apoptosis in PC12 cells. Journal of Neurochemistry 77(2): 391-398
D'Acquisto, F.; Ianaro, A.; Ialenti, A.; Iuvone, T.; Colantuoni, V.; Carnuccio, R. 1999: Activation of nuclear transcription factor kappaB in rat carrageenin-induced pleurisy. European Journal of Pharmacology 369(2): 233-236
Panin, L.E.; Maksimov, V.F.; Usynin, I.F.; Korostyshevskaya, I.M. 2002: Activation of nucleolar DNA expression in hepatocytes by glucocorticoids and high density lipoproteins. Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology 81(1): 69-76
Carpenter, P.A.; Huang, M.-L.; McDonald, G.B. 2002: Activation of occult hepatitis B from a seronegative patient after hematopoietic cell transplant: a cautionary tale. Blood 99(11): 4245-4246
Kostyukovsky, M.; Rafaeli, A.; Gileadi, C.; Demchenko, N.; Shaaya, E. 2002: Activation of octopaminergic receptors by essential oil constituents isolated from aromatic plants: possible mode of action against insect pests. Pest Management Science 58(11): 1101-1106
Bartocci, M.; Winberg, J.; Ruggiero, C.; Bergqvist, L.L.; Serra, G.; Lagercrantz, H. 2000: Activation of olfactory cortex in newborn infants after odor stimulation: a functional near-infrared spectroscopy study. Pediatric Research 48(1): 18-23
Zhu, X.; Raina, A.K.; Boux, H.; Simmons, Z.L.; Takeda, A.; Smith, M.A. 2000: Activation of oncogenic pathways in degenerating neurons in Alzheimer disease. International Journal of Developmental Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the International Society for Developmental Neuroscience 18(4-5): 433-437
Fujii, M.; Iwai, K.; Oie, M.; Fukushi, M.; Yamamoto, N.; Kannagi, M.; Mori, N. 2000: Activation of oncogenic transcription factor AP-1 in T cells infected with human T cell leukemia virus type 1. Aids Research and Human Retroviruses 16(16): 1603-1606
Liu, I.M.; Chi, T.C.; Chen, Y.C.; Lu, F.H.; Cheng, J.T. 1999: Activation of opioid mu-receptor by loperamide to lower plasma glucose in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. Neuroscience Letters 265(3): 183-186
Little, M.C.; Watson, R.E.; Pemberton, M.N.; Griffiths, C.E.; Thornhill, M.H. 2001: Activation of oral keratinocytes by mercuric chloride: Relevance to dental amalgam-induced oral lichenoid reactions. British Journal of Dermatology 144(5): 1024-1032
Zhu, L.; Onaka, T.; Sakurai, T.; Yada, T. 2002: Activation of orexin neurones after noxious but not conditioned fear stimuli in rats. Neuroreport 13(10): 1351-1353
Kane, C.D.; Means, A.R. 2000: Activation of orphan receptor-mediated transcription by Ca(2+)/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase IV. EMBO Journal 19(4): 691-701
Saito, A.; Suzuki, Y.; Ogata, S.ichi.; Ohtsuki, C.; Tanihara, M. 2003: Activation of osteo-progenitor cells by a novel synthetic peptide derived from the bone morphogenetic protein-2 knuckle epitope. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 1651(1-2): 60-67
Boguslawski, G.; Hale, L.V.; Yu, X.P.; Miles, R.R.; Onyia, J.E.; Santerre, R.F.; Chandrasekhar, S. 2000: Activation of osteocalcin transcription involves interaction of protein kinase A- and protein kinase C-dependent pathways. Journal of Biological Chemistry 275(2): 999-1006
Fox, S.W.; Fuller, K.; Chambers, T.J. 2000: Activation of osteoclasts by interleukin-1: divergent responsiveness in osteoclasts formed in vivo and in vitro. Journal of Cellular Physiology 184(3): 334-340
Aranishi, F. 2000: Activation of ovarian procathepsin B by coexistent cathepsin D during late oocyte maturation in scad. Journal of Reproduction and Development 46(2): 127-131
Han, J.W.; Ahn, S.H.; Kim, Y.K.; Bae, G.U.; Yoon, J.W.; Hong, S.; Lee, H.Y.; Lee, Y.W.; Lee, H.W. 2001: Activation of p21(WAF1/Cip1) transcription through Sp1 sites by histone deacetylase inhibitor apicidin: involvement of protein kinase C. Journal of Biological Chemistry 276(45): 42084-42090
Joe, K.H.; Baek, K.J.; Kwon, N.S.; Lee, H.S.; Yun, H.Y. 2001: Activation of p38 MAP kinase by nitric oxide in cerebral cortical neurons. Chung-Ang Journal of Medicine 26(4): 155-161
Kim, S-Yong.; Bae, J-Chun.; Kim, J-Young.; Lee, H-Lim.; Lee, K-Min.; Kim, D-Sun.; Cho, H-Jung. 2002: Activation of p38 MAP kinase in the rat dorsal root ganglia and spinal cord following peripheral inflammation and nerve injury. Neuroreport 13(18): 2483-2486
Goncharova, E.A.; Vorotnikov, A.V.; Gracheva, E.O.; Wang, C.L.Albert.; Panettieri, R.A.; Stepanova, V.V.; Tkachuk, V.A. 2002: Activation of p38 MAP-kinase and caldesmon phosphorylation are essential for urokinase-induced human smooth muscle cell migration. Biological Chemistry 383(1): 115-126
Marais, E.; Genade, S.; Huisamen, B.; Strijdom, J.G.; Moolman, J.A.; Lochner, A. 2001: Activation of p38 MAPK induced by a multi-cycle ischaemic preconditioning protocol is associated with attenuated p38 MAPK activity during sustained ischaemia and reperfusion. Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology 33(4): 769-778
Lee, J.; Hong, F.; Kwon, S.; Kim, S.Soo.; Kim, D.Ok.; Kang, H.Sun.; Lee, S.Jae.; Ha, J.; Kim, S.Soo. 2002: Activation of p38 MAPK induces cell cycle arrest via inhibition of Raf/ERK pathway during muscle differentiation. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 298(5): 765-771
Endo, H.; Utani, A.; Shinkai, H. 2003: Activation of p38 MAPK suppresses matrix metalloproteinase-1 gene expression induced by platelet-derived growth factor. Archives of Dermatological Research 294(12): 552-558
Tibbles, L.A.; Spurrell, J.C.L.; Bowen, G.P.; Liu, Q.; Lam, M.; Zaiss, A.K.; Robbins, S.M.; Hollenberg, M.D.; Wickham, T.J.; Muruve, D.A. 2002: Activation of p38 and ERK signaling during adenovirus vector cell entry lead to expression of the C-X-C chemokine IP-10. Journal of Virology 76(4): 1559-1568
Yu, R.; Mandlekar, S.; Tan, T.H.; Kong, A.N. 2000: Activation of p38 and c-Jun N-terminal kinase pathways and induction of apoptosis by chelerythrine do not require inhibition of protein kinase C. Journal of Biological Chemistry 275(13): 9612-9619
Nishimura, M.; Sugino, T.; Nozaki, K.; Takagi, Y.; Hattori, I.; Hayashi, J.; Hashimoto, N.; Moriguchi, T.; Nishida, E. 2003: Activation of p38 kinase in the gerbil hippocampus showing ischemic tolerance. Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism: Official Journal of the International Society of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism 23(9): 1052-1059
Zhu, X.; Rottkamp, C.A.; Boux, H.; Takeda, A.; Perry, G.; Smith, M.A. 2000: Activation of p38 kinase links tau phosphorylation, oxidative stress, and cell cycle-related events in Alzheimer disease. Journal of Neuropathology and Experimental Neurology 59(10): 880-888
Somwar, R.; Perreault, M.; Kapur, S.; Taha, C.; Sweeney, G.; Ramlal, T.; Kim, D.Y.; Keen, J.; Côte, C.H.; Klip, A.; Marette, A. 2000: Activation of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase alpha and beta by insulin and contraction in rat skeletal muscle: potential role in the stimulation of glucose transport. Diabetes 49(11): 1794-1800
Jung, K.M.; Park, K.S.; Oh, J.H.; Jung, S.Y.; Yang, K.H.; Song, Y.S.; Son, D.J.; Park, Y.H.; Yun, Y.P.; Lee, M.K.; Oh, K.W.; Hong, J.T. 2003: Activation of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase and activator protein-1 during the promotion of neurite extension of PC-12 cells by 15-deoxy-delta12,14-prostaglandin J2. Molecular Pharmacology 63(3): 607-616
Guicheux, J.; Lemonnier, J.; Ghayor, C.; Suzuki, A.; Palmer, G.; Caverzasio, J. 2003: Activation of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase and c-Jun-NH2-terminal kinase by BMP-2 and their implication in the stimulation of osteoblastic cell differentiation. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research 18(11): 2060-2068
Shimizu, H.; Banno, Y.; Sumi, N.; Naganawa, T.; Kitajima, Y.; Nozawa, Y. 1999: Activation of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase and caspases in UVB-induced apoptosis of human keratinocyte HaCaT cells. Journal of Investigative Dermatology 112(5): 769-774
Chen, K.D.; Lai, M.T.; Cho, J.H.; Chen, L.Y.; Lai, Y.K. 2000: Activation of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase and mitochondrial Ca(2+)-mediated oxidative stress are essential for the enhanced expression of grp78 induced by the protein phosphatase inhibitors okadaic acid and calyculin A. Journal of Cellular Biochemistry 76(4): 585-595
Wong, C.K.; Zhang, J.P.; Ip, W.K.; Lam, C.W.K. 2002: Activation of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase and nuclear factor-kappaB in tumour necrosis factor-induced eotaxin release of human eosinophils. Clinical and Experimental Immunology 128(3): 483-489
Pandey, P.; Avraham, S.; Kumar, S.; Nakazawa, A.; Place, A.; Ghanem, L.; Rana, A.; Kumar, V.; Majumder, P.K.; Avraham, H.; Davis, R.J.; Kharbanda, S. 1999: Activation of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase by PYK2/related adhesion focal tyrosine kinase-dependent mechanism. Journal of Biological Chemistry 274(15): 10140-10144
Chang, L.C.; Wang, J.P. 2000: Activation of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase by formyl-methionyl-leucyl-phenylalanine in rat neutrophils. European Journal of Pharmacology 390(1-2): 61-66
Jing, Q.; Xin, S.M.; Cheng, Z.J.; Zhang, W.B.; Zhang, R.; Qin, Y.W.; Pei, G. 1999: Activation of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase by oxidized LDL in vascular smooth muscle cells: mediation via pertussis toxin-sensitive G proteins and association with oxidized LDL-induced cytotoxicity. Circulation Research 84(7): 831-839
Campos, C.B.L.; Bédard, P.A.; Linden, R. 2002: Activation of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase during normal mitosis in the developing retina. Neuroscience 112(3): 583-591
Svensson, C.I.; Marsala, M.; Westerlund, A.; Calcutt, N.A.; Campana, W.M.; Freshwater, J.D.; Catalano, R.; Feng, Y.; Protter, A.A.; Scott, B.; Yaksh, T.L. 2003: Activation of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase in spinal microglia is a critical link in inflammation-induced spinal pain processing. Journal of Neurochemistry 86(6): 1534-1544
Merritt, C.; Enslen, H.; Diehl, N.; Conze, D.; Davis, R.J.; Rincón, M. 2000: Activation of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase in vivo selectively induces apoptosis of CD8(+) but not CD4(+) T cells. Molecular and Cellular Biology 20(3): 936-946
Matsumoto, M.; Sudo, T.; Maruyama, M.; Osada, H.; Tsujimoto, M. 2000: Activation of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase is crucial in osteoclastogenesis induced by tumor necrosis factor. FEBS Letters 486(1): 23-28
Hu, Y.; Chan, E.; Wang, S.X.; Li, B. 2003: Activation of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase is required for osteoblast differentiation. Endocrinology 144(5): 2068-2074
Ohanian, J.; Cunliffe, P.; Ceppi, E.; Alder, A.; Heerkens, E.; Ohanian, V. 2001: Activation of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinases by endothelin and noradrenaline in small arteries, regulation by calcium influx and tyrosine kinases, and their role in contraction. Arteriosclerosis Thrombosis and Vascular Biology 21(12): 1921-1927
Bian, Z.M.; Elner, S.G.; Yoshida, A.; Kunkel, S.L.; Su, J.; Elner, V.M. 2001: Activation of p38, ERK1/2 and NIK pathways is required for IL-1beta and TNF-alpha-induced chemokine expression in human retinal pigment epithelial cells. Experimental Eye Research 73(1): 111-121
Herrera, B.; Fernández, M.; Roncero, C.; Ventura, J.J.; Porras, A.; Valladares, A.; Benito, M.; Fabregat, I. 2001: Activation of p38MAPK by TGF-beta in fetal rat hepatocytes requires radical oxygen production, but is dispensable for cell death. Febs Letters 499(3): 225-229
Sohaskey, M.L.; Ferrell, J.E. 2002: Activation of p42 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK), but not c-Jun NH(2)-terminal kinase, induces phosphorylation and stabilization of MAPK phosphatase XCL100 in Xenopus oocytes. Molecular Biology of the Cell 13(2): 454-468
Mcgahon, B.; Maguire, C.; Kelly, A.; Lynch, M.A. 1999: Activation of p42 mitogen-activated protein kinase by arachidonic acid and trans-1-amino-cyclopentyl-1,3- dicarboxylate impacts on long-term potentiation in the dentate gyrus in the rat: analysis of age-related changes. Neuroscience 90(4): 1167-1175
Yamaguchi, T.; Chattopadhyay, N.; Kifor, O.; Sanders, J.L.; Brown, E.M. 2000: Activation of p42/44 and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinases by extracellular calcium-sensing receptor agonists induces mitogenic responses in the mouse osteoblastic MC3T3-E1 cell line. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 279(2): 363-368
Wang, J.; Chen, Y.B.; Zhu, X.N.; Chen, R.Z. 2001: Activation of p42/44 mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway in long-term potentiation induced by nicotine in hippocampal CA1 region in rats. Acta Pharmacologica Sinica 22(8): 685-690
Ansari, H.R.; Husain, S.; Abdel-Latif, A.A. 2001: Activation of p42/p44 mitogen-activated protein kinase and contraction by prostaglandin F2alpha, ionomycin, and thapsigargin in cat iris sphincter smooth muscle: inhibition by PD98059, KN-93, and isoproterenol. Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 299(1): 178-186
Xi, G.; Hua, Y.; Keep, R.F.; Duong, H.K.; Hoff, J.T. 2001: Activation of p44/42 mitogen activated protein kinases in thrombin-induced brain tolerance. Brain Research 895(1-2): 153-159
Fuller, G.; Veitch, K.; Ho, L.K.; Cruise, L.; Morris, B.J. 2001: Activation of p44/p42 MAP kinase in striatal neurons via kainate receptors and PI3 kinase. Brain Research. Molecular Brain Research 89(1-2): 126-132
Kozawa, O.; Hatakeyama, D.; Yoshida, M.; Kamiya, Y.; Kondo, C.; Matsuno, H.; Uematsu, T. 2001: Activation of p44/p42 mitogen-activated protein kinase limits triiodothyronine-stimulated alkaline phosphatase activity in osteoblasts. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 286(5): 1140-1143
Johnson, J.L.; Park, J.W.; Benna, J.E.; Faust, L.P.; Inanami, O.; Babior, B.M. 1998: Activation of p47(PHOX), a cytosolic subunit of the leukocyte NADPH oxidase. Phosphorylation of ser-359 or ser-370 precedes phosphorylation at other sites and is required for activity. Journal of Biological Chemistry 273(52): 35147-35152
Gostissa, M.; Hengstermann, A.; Fogal, V.; Sandy, P.; Schwarz, S.E.; Scheffner, M.; Del Sal, G. 1999: Activation of p53 by conjugation to the ubiquitin-like protein SUMO-1. EMBO Journal 18(22): 6462-6471
Chen, K.; Albano, A.; Ho, A.; Keaney, J.F. 2003: Activation of p53 by oxidative stress involves platelet-derived growth factor-beta receptor-mediated ataxia telangiectasia mutated (ATM) kinase activation. Journal of Biological Chemistry 278(41): 39527-39533
Megidish, T.; Xu, J.H.; Xu, C.Wilson. 2002: Activation of p53 by protein inhibitor of activated Stat1 (PIAS1). Journal of Biological Chemistry 277(10): 8255-8259
Pluquet, O.; North, S.; Richard, M-Jeanne.; Hainaut, P. 2003: Activation of p53 by the cytoprotective aminothiol WR1065: DNA-damage-independent pathway and redox-dependent modulation of p53 DNA-binding activity. Biochemical Pharmacology 65(7): 1129-1137
Bachelder, R.E.; Marchetti, A.; Falcioni, R.; Soddu, S.; Mercurio, A.M. 1999: Activation of p53 function in carcinoma cells by the alpha6beta4 integrin. Journal of Biological Chemistry 274(29): 20733-20737
Gao, C.; Nakajima, T.; Taya, Y.; Tsuchida, N. 1999: Activation of p53 in MDM2-overexpressing cells through phosphorylation. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 264(3): 860-864
Yu, A.; Fan, H.Y.; Liao, D.; Bailey, A.D.; Weiner, A.M. 2000: Activation of p53 or loss of the Cockayne syndrome group B repair protein causes metaphase fragility of human U1, U2, and 5S genes. Molecular Cell 5(5): 801-810
Wojciechowski, J.; Lövborg, H.; Wesierska-Gadek, J. 2003: Activation of p53 protein in normal and in tumor cells by a novel anticancer agent CHS 828. Drugs under Experimental and Clinical Research 29(2): 53-67
Lu, W.; Lo, S.Y.; Chen, M.; Wu, K.j.; Fung, Y.K.; Ou, J.H. 1999: Activation of p53 tumor suppressor by hepatitis C virus core protein. Virology 264(1): 134-141
D'Orazi, G.; Soddu, S.; Sacchi, A. 2000: Activation of p53/p21waf1 pathway is associated with senescence during v-Ha-ras transformation of immortal C2C12 myoblasts. Anticancer Research 20(5b): 3497-3502
Amrani, Y.; Lazaar, A.L.; Hoffman, R.; Amin, K.; Ousmer, S.; Panettieri, R.A. 2000: Activation of p55 tumor necrosis factor-alpha receptor-1 coupled to tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated factor 2 stimulates intercellular adhesion molecule-1 expression by modulating a thapsigargin-sensitive pathway in human tracheal smooth muscle cells. Molecular Pharmacology 58(1): 237-245
Wellbrock, C.; Weisser, C.; Geissinger, E.; Troppmair, J.; Schartl, M. 2002: Activation of p59(Fyn) leads to melanocyte dedifferentiation by influencing MKP-1-regulated mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling. Journal of Biological Chemistry 277(8): 6443-6454
Brenneisen, P.; Wenk, J.; Wlaschek, M.; Krieg, T.; Scharffetter-Kochanek, K. 2000: Activation of p70 ribosomal protein S6 kinase is an essential step in the DNA damage-dependent signaling pathway responsible for the ultraviolet B-mediated increase in interstitial collagenase (MMP-1) and stromelysin-1 (MMP-3) protein levels in human dermal fibroblasts. Journal of Biological Chemistry 275(6): 4336-4344
Simm, A.; Schlüter, K.; Diez, C.; Piper, H.M.; Hoppe, J. 1998: Activation of p70(S6) kinase by beta-adrenoceptor agonists on adult cardiomyocytes. Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology 30(10): 2059-2067
Sauer, H.; Klimm, B.; Hescheler, J.; Wartenberg, M. 2001: Activation of p90RSK and growth stimulation of multicellular tumor spheroids are dependent on reactive oxygen species generated after purinergic receptor stimulation by ATP. FASEB Journal 15(13): 2539-2541
Thavathiru, E.; Das, G.M. 2001: Activation of pRL-TK by 12S E1A oncoprotein: drawbacks of using an internal reference reporter in transcription assays. Biotechniques 31(3): 528
Coulter, D.M.; Passier, J.L.M.; Clark, D.W.J.; van Puijenbroek, E.P. 2003: Activation of pain by Sumatriptan. Headache 43(9): 994-999
Blinman, T.A.; Gukovsky, I.; Mouria, M.; Zaninovic, V.; Livingston, E.; Pandol, S.J.; Gukovskaya, A.S. 2000: Activation of pancreatic acinar cells on isolation from tissue: cytokine upregulation via p38 MAP kinase. American Journal of Physiology. Cell Physiology 279(6): C1993-C2003
Haber, P.S.; Keogh, G.W.; Apte, M.V.; Moran, C.S.; Stewart, N.L.; Crawford, D.H.; Pirola, R.C.; McCaughan, G.W.; Ramm, G.A.; Wilson, J.S. 1999: Activation of pancreatic stellate cells in human and experimental pancreatic fibrosis. American Journal of Pathology 155(4): 1087-1095
Lindstedt, K.A.; Wang, Y.; Shiota, N.; Saarinen, J.; Hyytiäinen, M.; Kokkonen, J.O.; Keski-Oja, J.; Kovanen, P.T. 2001: Activation of paracrine TGF-beta1 signaling upon stimulation and degranulation of rat serosal mast cells: a novel function for chymase. FASEB Journal 15(8): 1377-1388
Ding, W.; Templeton, D.M. 2000: Activation of parallel mitogen-activated protein kinase cascades and induction of c-fos by cadmium. Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology 162(2): 93-99
Ali, N.; Yousufzai, S.Y.; Abdel-Latif, A.A. 2000: Activation of particulate guanylate cyclase by adrenomedullin in cultured SV-40 transformed cat iris sphincter smooth muscle (SV-CISM-2) cells. Cellular Signalling 12(7): 491-498
Kook, H.; Rhee, J.H.; Lee, S.E.; Kang, S.Y.; Chung, S.S.; Cho, K.W.; Baik, Y.H. 1999: Activation of particulate guanylyl cyclase by Vibrio vulnificus hemolysin. European Journal of Pharmacology 365(2-3): 267-272
Ding, K.H.; Latimer, A.J.; Abdel-Latif, A.A. 1999: Activation of particulate guanylyl cyclase by endothelins in cultured SV-40 transformed cat iris sphincter smooth muscle cells. Life Sciences 64(3): 161-174
Morrison, J.; Wen, J.; Kibble, A. 1999: Activation of pelvic afferent nerves from the rat bladder during filling. Scandinavian Journal of Urology and Nephrology. Supplementum 201: 73-75
Bartesaghi, R.; Gessi, T. 2003: Activation of perforant path neurons to field CA1 by hippocampal projections. Hippocampus 13(2): 235-249
Picolo, G.; Cassola, Aônio.Carlos.; Cury, Y. 2003: Activation of peripheral ATP-sensitive K+ channels mediates the antinociceptive effect of Crotalus durissus terrificus snake venom. European Journal of Pharmacology 469(1-3): 57-64
Cairns, B.E.; Sessle, B.J.; Hu, J.W. 1999: Activation of peripheral GABAA receptors inhibits temporomandibular joint-evoked jaw muscle activity. Journal of Neurophysiology 81(4): 1966-1969
Cairns, B.E.; Svensson, P.; Wang, K.; Hupfeld, S.; Graven-Nielsen, T.; Sessle, B.J.; Berde, C.B.; Arendt-Nielsen, L. 2003: Activation of peripheral NMDA receptors contributes to human pain and rat afferent discharges evoked by injection of glutamate into the masseter muscle. Journal of Neurophysiology 90(4): 2098-2105
Omote, K.; Kawamata, T.; Kawamata, M.; Nakayama, Y.; Hazama, K.; Namiki, A. 2000: Activation of peripheral NMDA-nitric oxide cascade in formalin test. Anesthesiology 93(1): 173-178
Sancho, D.; Yáñez-Mó, M.; Tejedor, R.; Sánchez-Madrid, F. 1999: Activation of peripheral blood T cells by interaction and migration through endothelium: role of lymphocyte function antigen-1/intercellular adhesion molecule-1 and interleukin-15. Blood 93(3): 886-896
Alemán, M.; Beigier-Bompadre, M.; Borghetti, C.; de la Barrera, S.; Abbate, E.; Isturiz, M.; Sasiain, M.C. 2001: Activation of peripheral blood neutrophils from patients with active advanced tuberculosis. Clinical Immunology 100(1): 87-95
Cairns, B.E.; Gambarota, G.; Dunning, P.S.; Mulkern, R.V.; Berde, C.B. 2003: Activation of peripheral excitatory amino acid receptors decreases the duration of local anesthesia. Anesthesiology 98(2): 521-529
Ko, M.C.; Butelman, E.R.; Woods, J.H. 1999: Activation of peripheral kappa opioid receptors inhibits capsaicin-induced thermal nociception in rhesus monkeys. Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 289(1): 378-385
Faas, M.M.; Schuiling, G.A.; Linton, E.A.; Sargent, I.L.; Redman, C.W. 2000: Activation of peripheral leukocytes in rat pregnancy and experimental preeclampsia. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 182(2): 351-357
Bitran, D.; Foley, M.; Audette, D.; Leslie, N.; Frye, C.A. 2000: Activation of peripheral mitochondrial benzodiazepine receptors in the hippocampus stimulates allopregnanolone synthesis and produces anxiolytic-like effects in the rat. Psychopharmacology 151(1): 64-71
Vuotto, M.L.; Ielpo, M.T.; Liguori, G.; Benedetto, R.D.; Moscatiello, V.; Maselli, R. 2000: Activation of peripheral phagocytes in BCG-vaccinated subjects. Luminescence: the Journal of Biological and Chemical Luminescence 15(3): 153-157
Metelitza, D.I.; Karasyova, E.I. 2002: Activation of peroxidase-catalyzed oxidation of 3,3',5,5'-tetramethylbenzidine with poly(salicylic acid 5-aminodisulfide). Biochemistry. Biokhimiia 67(9): 1048-1054
Karasyova, E.I.; Naumchik, I.V.; Metelitza, D.I. 2003: Activation of peroxidase-catalyzed oxidation of aromatic amines with 2-aminothiazole and melamine. Biochemistry. Biokhimiia 68(1): 54-62
Ye, P.; Hu, X.; Liu, Y.; Zhao, Y. 2003: Activation of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha in human endothelial cells increases plasminogen activator inhibitor type-1 expression. Chinese Medical Journal 116(1): 29-33
Argmann, C.A.; Sawyez, C.G.; McNeil, C.J.; Hegele, R.A.; Huff, M.W. 2003: Activation of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma and retinoid X receptor results in net depletion of cellular cholesteryl esters in macrophages exposed to oxidized lipoproteins. Arteriosclerosis Thrombosis and Vascular Biology 23(3): 475-482
Lapillonne, H.; Konopleva, M.; Tsao, T.; Gold, D.; McQueen, T.; Sutherland, R.L.; Madden, T.; Andreeff, M. 2003: Activation of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma by a novel synthetic triterpenoid 2-cyano-3,12-dioxooleana-1,9-dien-28-oic acid induces growth arrest and apoptosis in breast cancer cells. Cancer Research 63(18): 5926-5939
Von Knethen, A.; Brüne, B. 2002: Activation of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma by nitric oxide in monocytes/macrophages down-regulates p47phox and attenuates the respiratory burst. Journal of Immunology 169(5): 2619-2626
Motomura, W.; Okumura, T.; Takahashi, N.; Obara, T.; Kohgo, Y. 2000: Activation of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma by troglitazone inhibits cell growth through the increase of p27KiP1 in human. Pancreatic carcinoma cells. Cancer Research 60(19): 5558-5564
Hansen, J.B.; Petersen, R.K.; Larsen, B.M.; Bartkova, J.; Alsner, J.; Kristiansen, K. 1999: Activation of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma bypasses the function of the retinoblastoma protein in adipocyte differentiation. Journal of Biological Chemistry 274(4): 2386-2393
Hawcroft, G.; Gardner, S.H.; Hull, M.A. 2003: Activation of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma does not explain the antiproliferative activity of the nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug indomethacin on human colorectal cancer cells. Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 305(2): 632-637
Slomiany, B.L.; Slomiany, A. 2003: Activation of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma impedes Porphyromonas gingivalis lipopolysaccharide interference with salivary mucin synthesis through phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/erk pathway. Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology: An Official Journal of the Polish Physiological Society 54(1): 3-15
Fu, M.; Zhang, J.; Lin Yg, Y.g.; Zhu, X.; Willson, T.M.; Chen, Y.E. 2002: Activation of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma inhibits osteoprotegerin gene expression in human aortic smooth muscle cells. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 294(3): 597-601
Slomiany, B.L.; Slomiany, A. 2002: Activation of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma suppresses inducible cyclooxygenase and nitric oxide synthase during oral mucosal ulcer healing. Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology: An Official Journal of the Polish Physiological Society 53(2): 159-169
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Mbalaviele, G.; Abu-Amer, Y.; Meng, A.; Jaiswal, R.; Beck, S.; Pittenger, M.F.; Thiede, M.A.; Marshak, D.R. 2000: Activation of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma pathway inhibits osteoclast differentiation. Journal of Biological Chemistry 275(19): 14388-14393
Zahradka, P.; Yurkova, N.; Litchie, B.; Moon, M.C.; Del Rizzo, D.F.; Taylor, C.G. 2003: Activation of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors alpha and gamma1 inhibits human smooth muscle cell proliferation. Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry 246(1-2): 105-110
Patel, H.J.; Belvisi, M.G.; Bishop-Bailey, D.; Yacoub, M.H.; Mitchell, J.A. 2003: Activation of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors in human airway smooth muscle cells has a superior anti-inflammatory profile to corticosteroids: relevance for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease therapy. Journal of Immunology 170(5): 2663-2669
Phillips, R.; Ager, A. 2002: Activation of pertussis toxin-sensitive CXCL12 (SDF-1) receptors mediates transendothelial migration of T lymphocytes across lymph node high endothelial cells. European Journal of Immunology 32(3): 837-847
El Bekay, R.; Alvarez, M.és.; Carballo, M.; Martín-Nieto, J.é; Monteseirín, J.; Pintado, E.; Bedoya, F.J.; Sobrino, F. 2002: Activation of phagocytic cell NADPH oxidase by norfloxacin: a potential mechanism to explain its bactericidal action. Journal of Leukocyte Biology 71(2): 255-261
Nakajima, M.; Kobayashi, K.; Oshima, K.; Shimada, N.; Tokudome, S.; Chiba, K.; Yokoi, T. 1999: Activation of phenacetin O-deethylase activity by alpha-naphthoflavone in human liver microsomes. Xenobiotica; the Fate of Foreign Compounds in Biological Systems 29(9): 885-898
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Kang, K.W.; Cho, M.K.; Lee, C.H.; Kim, S.G. 2001: Activation of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase and Akt by tert-butylhydroquinone is responsible for antioxidant response element-mediated rGSTA2 induction in H4IIE cells. Molecular Pharmacology 59(5): 1147-1156
Wellbrock, C.; Schartl, M. 2000: Activation of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase by a complex of p59fyn and the receptor tyrosine kinase Xmrk is involved in malignant transformation of pigment cells. European Journal of Biochemistry 267(12): 3513-3522
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Sizemore, N.; Leung, S.; Stark, G.R. 1999: Activation of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase in response to interleukin-1 leads to phosphorylation and activation of the NF-kappaB p65/RelA subunit. Molecular and Cellular Biology 19(7): 4798-4805
Myklebust, J.Helen.; Blomhoff, H.Kiil.; Rusten, L.Sindre.; Stokke, T.; Smeland, E.B. 2002: Activation of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase is important for erythropoietin-induced erythropoiesis from CD34(+) hematopoietic progenitor cells. Experimental Hematology 30(9): 990-1000
Fernández de Mattos, S.; de los Pinos E, E.; Joaquin, M.; Tauler, A. 2000: Activation of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase is required for transcriptional activity of F-type 6-phosphofructo-2-kinase/fructose-2,6-bisphosphatase: assessment of the role of protein kinase B and p70 S6 kinase. Biochemical Journal 349(Part 1): 59-65
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Li, B.S.; Ma, W.; Zhang, L.; Barker, J.L.; Stenger, D.A.; Pant, H.C. 2001: Activation of phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase (PI-3K) and extracellular regulated kinases (Erk1/2) is involved in muscarinic receptor-mediated DNA synthesis in neural progenitor cells. Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience 21(5): 1569-1579
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Ahmed, T.; Kelly, S.M.; Price, N.C.; Lawrence, A.J. 2000: Activation of phospholipase A(2) by long chain fatty acyl groups involves a novel unstable linkage. Journal of Biochemistry 127(5): 871-875
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Paulssen, R.H.; Fraeyman, N.; Florholmen, J. 2000: Activation of phospholipase C by cholecystokinin receptor subtypes with different G-protein-coupling specificities in hormone-secreting pancreatic cell lines. Biochemical Pharmacology 60(6): 865-875
Lomasney, J.W.; Cheng, H.F.; Roffler, S.R.; King, K. 1999: Activation of phospholipase C delta1 through C2 domain by a Ca(2+)-enzyme-phosphatidylserine ternary complex. Journal of Biological Chemistry 274(31): 21995-22001
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Yang, J.M.; Vassil, A.D.; Hait, W.N. 2001: Activation of phospholipase C induces the expression of the multidrug resistance (MDR1) gene through the Raf-MAPK pathway. Molecular Pharmacology 60(4): 674-680
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Kubelka, M.; Anger, M.; Pavlok, A.ín.; Kalous, J.; Schultz, R.M.; Motlík, J. 2002: Activation of pig and cattle oocytes by butyrolactone I: morphological and biochemical study. Zygote 10(1): 47-57
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Jílek, F.; Hüttelová, R.; Petr, J.; Holubová, M.; Rozinek, J. 2001: Activation of pig oocytes using calcium ionophore: effect of the protein kinase inhibitor 6-dimethyl aminopurine. Reproduction in Domestic Animals 36(3-4): 139-145
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Lopez, S.; Peiretti, F.; Morange, P.; Laouar, A.; Fossat, C.; Bonardo, B.; Huberman, E.; Juhan-Vague, I.; Nalbone, G. 1999: Activation of plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 synthesis by phorbol esters in human promyelocyte HL-60--roles of PCKbeta and MAPK p42. Thrombosis and Haemostasis 81(3): 415-422
Makogonenko, E.M.; Yakovlev, S.A.; Slominsky, S.Y.; Korolchuk, V.I.; Grinenko, T.V.; Sokolovskaya, L.I.; Druzhina, N.N.; Kolesnikova, I.N.; Chernyshov, V.I.; Cederholm-Williams, S.A. 2000: Activation of plasminogen by antiplasminogen monoclonal antibody IV-1c: Properties and mechanism of reaction. Ukrainskii Biokhimicheskii Zhurnal 72(4-5): 99-108
Piguet, P.Francois.; Vesin, C.; Da Kan, C. 2002: Activation of platelet caspases by TNF and its consequences for kinetics. Cytokine 18(4): 222-230
Bryant, A.E.; Bayer, C.R.; Hayes-Schroer, S.M.; Stevens, D.L. 2003: Activation of platelet gpIIbIIIa by phospholipase C from Clostridium perfringens involves store-operated calcium entry. Journal of Infectious Diseases 187(3): 408-417
Dearn, S.; Rahman, M.; Lewis, A.; Ahmed, Z.; Eggo, M.C.; Ahmed, A. 2000: Activation of platelet-activating factor (PAF) receptor stimulates nitric oxide (NO) release via protein kinase C-alpha in HEC-1B human endometrial epithelial cell line. Molecular Medicine 6(1): 37-49
Malmström, J.; Tufvesson, E.; Löfdahl, C.-G.ör.; Hansson, L.; Marko-Varga, G.ör.; Westergren-Thorsson, G. 2003: Activation of platelet-derived growth factor pathway in human asthmatic pulmonary-derived mesenchymal cells. Electrophoresis 24(1-2): 276-285
Abdelouahed, M.; Ludlow, A.; Brunner, G.; Lawler, J. 2000: Activation of platelet-transforming growth factor beta-1 in the absence of thrombospondin-1. Journal of Biological Chemistry 275(24): 17933-17936
Yang, P.; Huang, N.; Leng, Y.X.; Chen, J.Y.; Fu, R.K.Y.; Kwok, S.C.H.; Leng, Y.; Chu, P.K. 2003: Activation of platelets adhered on amorphous hydrogenated carbon (a-C:H) films synthesized by plasma immersion ion implantation-deposition (PIII-D). Biomaterials 24(17): 2821-2829
Gemmell, C.H. 2001: Activation of platelets by in vitro whole blood contact with materials: Increases in microparticle, procoagulant activity, and soluble P-selectin blood levels. Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition 12(8): 933-943
Wilbourn, B.; Harrison, P.; Mackie, I.J.; Liesner, R.; Machin, S.J. 2003: Activation of platelets in whole blood by recombinant factor VIIa by a thrombin-dependent mechanism. British Journal of Haematology 122(4): 651-661
Pacher, P.; Liaudet, L.; Bai, P.; Virag, L.; Mabley, J.G.; Haskó, G.; Szabó, C. 2002: Activation of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase contributes to development of doxorubicin-induced heart failure. Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 300(3): 862-867
Pacher, P.; Mabley, J.G.; Soriano, F.G.; Liaudet, L.; Szabó, C. 2002: Activation of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase contributes to the endothelial dysfunction associated with hypertension and aging. International Journal of Molecular Medicine 9(6): 659-664
Nagayama, T.; Simon, R.P.; Chen, D.; Henshall, D.C.; Pei, W.; Stetler, R.A.; Chen, J. 2000: Activation of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase in the rat hippocampus may contribute to cellular recovery following sublethal transient global ischemia. Journal of Neurochemistry 74(4): 1636-1645
Liaudet, L.; Pacher, Pál.; Mabley, J.G.; Virág, László.; Soriano, F.G.; Haskó, Görgy.; Szabó, C. 2002: Activation of poly(ADP-Ribose) polymerase-1 is a central mechanism of lipopolysaccharide-induced acute lung inflammation. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine 165(3): 372-377
Palackal, N.T.; Lee, S.Hwa.; Harvey, R.G.; Blair, I.A.; Penning, T.M. 2002: Activation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon trans-dihydrodiol proximate carcinogens by human aldo-keto reductase (AKR1C) enzymes and their functional overexpression in human lung carcinoma (A549) cells. Journal of Biological Chemistry 277(27): 24799-24808
Mileykovskiy, B.Y.; Kiyashchenko, L.I.; Kodama, T.; Lai, Y.Y.; Siegel, J.M. 2000: Activation of pontine and medullary motor inhibitory regions reduces discharge in neurons located in the locus coeruleus and the anatomical equivalent of the midbrain locomotor region. Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience 20(22): 8551-8558
Wang, W.H.; Machaty, Z.; Ruddock, N.; Abeydeera, L.R.; Boquest, A.C.; Prather, R.S.; Day, B.N. 1999: Activation of porcine oocytes with calcium ionophore: effects of extracellular calcium. Molecular Reproduction and Development 53(1): 99-107
Joca, Sâmia.Regiane.Lourenço.; Padovan, Cáudia.Maria.; Guimarães, F.Silveira. 2003: Activation of post-synaptic 5-HT(1A) receptors in the dorsal hippocampus prevents learned helplessness development. Brain Research 978(1-2): 177-184
Sprouse, J.; Braselton, J.; Reynolds, L.; Clarke, T.; Rollema, H. 2001: Activation of postsynaptic 5-HT(1A) receptors by fluoxetine despite the loss of firing-dependent serotonergic input: electrophysiological and neurochemical studies. Synapse 41(1): 49-57
Nietsch, H.H.; Roe, M.W.; Fiekers, J.F.; Moore, A.L.; Lidofsky, S.D. 2000: Activation of potassium and chloride channels by tumor necrosis factor alpha. Role in liver cell death. Journal of Biological Chemistry 275(27): 20556-20561
Silkin, Y.A.; Silkina, En; Sherstobitov, Ao; Gusev, Gp 2000: Activation of potassium channels in erythrocytes of marine teleost fish Scorpaena porcus. Biologicheskie Membrany Moscow ember- 17(6): 622-630
Negishi, S.; Shirasawa, S.; Arai, Y.; Suzuki, J.; Mukataka, S. 2003: Activation of powdered lipase by cluster water and the use of lipase powders for commercial esterification of food oils. Enzyme and Microbial Technology 32(1): 66-70, 2 January
Sai, X.; Naruse, K.; Sokabe, M. 1999: Activation of pp60(src) is critical for stretch-induced orienting response in fibroblasts. Journal of Cell Science 112: 1365-1373
Ramakers, G.M.; Pasinelli, P.; van Beest, M.; van der Slot, A.; Gispen, W.H.; De Graan, P.N. 2000: Activation of pre- and postsynaptic protein kinase C during tetraethylammonium-induced long-term potentiation in the CA1 field of the hippocampus. Neuroscience Letters 286(1): 53-56
George, M.S.; Anton, R.F.; Bloomer, C.; Teneback, C.; Drobes, D.J.; Lorberbaum, J.P.; Nahas, Z.; Vincent, D.J. 2001: Activation of prefrontal cortex and anterior thalamus in alcoholic subjects on exposure to alcohol-specific cues. Archives of General Psychiatry 58(4): 345-352
Hasuo, H.; Matsuoka, T.; Akasu, T. 2002: Activation of presynaptic 5-hydroxytryptamine 2A receptors facilitates excitatory synaptic transmission via protein kinase C in the dorsolateral septal nucleus. Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience 22(17): 7509-7517
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Wang, Z.; Feng, X.Q.; Zheng, P. 2002: Activation of presynaptic D1 dopamine receptors by dopamine increases the frequency of spontaneous excitatory postsynaptic currents through protein kinase A and protein kinase C in pyramidal cells of rat prelimbic cortex. Neuroscience 112(3): 499-508
Armstrong, J.N.; Brust, T.B.; Lewis, R.G.; MacVicar, B.A. 2002: Activation of presynaptic P2X7-like receptors depresses mossy fiber-CA3 synaptic transmission through p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase. Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience 22(14): 5938-5945
Linden, D.J.; Ahn, S. 1999: Activation of presynaptic cAMP-dependent protein kinase is required for induction of cerebellar long-term potentiation. Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience 19(23): 10221-10227
Jeong, H.-J.; Jang, I.-S.; Moorhouse, A.J.; Akaike, N. 2003: Activation of presynaptic glycine receptors facilitates glycine release from presynaptic terminals synapsing onto rat spinal sacral dorsal commissural nucleus neurons. Journal of Physiology 550(Part 2): 373-383
Woodhall, G.; Evans, D.I.; Jones, R.S. 2001: Activation of presynaptic group III metabotropic glutamate receptors depresses spontaneous inhibition in layer V of the rat entorhinal cortex. Neuroscience 105(1): 71-78
Evans, D.I.; Jones, R.S.; Woodhall, G. 2000: Activation of presynaptic group IIi metabotropic receptors enhances glutamate release in rat entorhinal cortex. Journal of Neurophysiology 83(5): 2519-2525
Moraga, F.; Janciauskiene, S. 2000: Activation of primary human monocytes by the oxidized form of alpha1-antitrypsin. Journal of Biological Chemistry 275(11): 7693-7700
Lafleur, M.A.; Hollenberg, M.D.; Atkinson, S.J.; Knäuper, V.; Murphy, G.; Edwards, D.R. 2001: Activation of pro-(matrix metalloproteinase-2) (pro-MMP-2) by thrombin is membrane-type-MMP-dependent in human umbilical vein endothelial cells and generates a distinct 63 kDa active species. Biochemical Journal 357(Pt 1): 107-115
Bianchi, P.; Séguélas, M-Hélène.; Parini, A.; Cambon, C. 2003: Activation of pro-apoptotic cascade by dopamine in renal epithelial cells is fully dependent on hydrogen peroxide generation by monoamine oxidases. Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: Jasn 14(4): 855-862
Möhrlen, F.; Baus, S.; Gruber, A.; Rackwitz, H.R.; Schnölzer, M.; Vogt, G.; Zwilling, R. 2001: Activation of pro-astacin. Immunological and model peptide studies on the processing of immature astacin, a zinc-endopeptidase from the crayfish Astacus astacus. European Journal of Biochemistry 268(9): 2540-2546
Zhao, Y.; Li, S.; Childs, E.E.; Kuharsky, D.K.; Yin, X.M. 2001: Activation of pro-death Bcl-2 family proteins and mitochondria apoptosis pathway in tumor necrosis factor-alpha-induced liver injury. Journal of Biological Chemistry 276(29): 27432-27440
Zhao, Y.-G.; Xiao, A.-Z.; Newcomer, R.G.; Park, H.I.; Kang, T.; Chung, L.W.K.; Swanson, M.G.; Zhau, H.E.; Kurhanewicz, J.; Sang, Q.-X.A. 2003: Activation of pro-gelatinase B by endometase/matrilysin-2 promotes invasion of human prostate cancer cells. Journal of Biological Chemistry 278(17): 15056-15064
Etscheid, M.; Hunfeld, A.; König, H.; Seitz, R.; Dodt, J. 2000: Activation of proPHBSP, the zymogen of a plasma hyaluronan binding serine protease, by an intermolecular autocatalytic mechanism. Biological Chemistry 381(12): 1223-1231
Shamamian, P.; Schwartz, J.D.; Pocock, B.J.; Monea, S.; Whiting, D.; Marcus, S.G.; Mignatti, P. 2001: Activation of progelatinase a (MMP-2) by neutrophil elastase, cathepsin G, and proteinase-3: a role for inflammatory cells in tumor invasion and angiogenesis. Journal of Cellular Physiology 189(2): 197-206
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Gruber, B.M.; Anuszewska, E.L.; Skierski, J.S. 2001: Activation of programmed cell death (apoptosis) by adriamycin in human neoplastic cells. Mutation Research 484(1-2): 87-93
Deleu, L.; Pujol, A.; Faisst, S.; Rommelaere, J. 1999: Activation of promoter P4 of the autonomous parvovirus minute virus of mice at early S phase is required for productive infection. Journal of Virology 73(5): 3877-3885
Andrae, U.; Kreis, P.; Coughtrie, M.W.; Pabel, U.; Meinl, W.; Bartsch, I.; Glatt, H. 1999: Activation of propane 2-nitronate to a genotoxicant in V79-derived cell lines engineered for the expression of rat hepatic sulfotransferases. Mutation Research 439(2): 191-197
Sritunyalucksana, K.; Sithisarn, P.; Withayachumnarnkul, B.; Flegel, T.W. 1999: Activation of prophenoloxidase, agglutinin and antibacterial activity in haemolymph of the black tiger prawn, Penaeus monodon, By immunostimulants. Fish and Shellfish Immunology 9(1): 21-30
Iwamoto, M.; Murata, T.; Morii, H.; Watanabe, Y.; Nakaoka, Y. 2000: Activation of prostacyclin synthesis by mechanical stimulation in the ciliated protozoan Tetrahymena thermophila. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 279(2): 635-638
Okuyama, T.; Ishihara, S.; Sato, H.; Rumi, M.A.K.; Kawashima, K.; Miyaoka, Y.; Suetsugu, H.; Kazumori, H.; Cava, C.F.Ortega.; Kadowaki, Y.; Fukuda, R.; Kinoshita, Y. 2002: Activation of prostaglandin E2-receptor EP2 and EP4 pathways induces growth inhibition in human gastric carcinoma cell lines. Journal of Laboratory and Clinical Medicine 140(2): 92-102
Engblom, D.; Ek, M.; Ericsson-Dahlstrand, A.; Blomqvist, A. 2001: Activation of prostanoid EP(3) and EP(4) receptor mRNA-expressing neurons in the rat parabrachial nucleus by intravenous injection of bacterial wall lipopolysaccharide. Journal of Comparative Neurology 440(4): 378-386
Furukawa, S.Y.; Ono, T.; Ijima, H.; Kawakami, K. 2002: Activation of protease by sol-gel entrapment into organically modified hybrid silicates. Biotechnology Letters 24(1): 13-16
Asokananthan, N.; Graham, P.T.; Fink, J.; Knight, D.A.; Bakker, A.J.; McWilliam, A.S.; Thompson, P.J.; Stewart, G.A. 2002: Activation of protease-activated receptor (PAR)-1, PAR-2, and PAR-4 stimulates IL-6, IL-8, and prostaglandin E2 release from human respiratory epithelial cells. Journal of Immunology 168(7): 3577-3585
Kawabata, A.; Morimoto, N.; Nishikawa, H.; Kuroda, R.; Oda, Y.; Kakehi, K. 2000: Activation of protease-activated receptor-2 (PAR-2) triggers mucin secretion in the rat sublingual gland. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 270(1): 298-302
Lourbakos, A.; Yuan, Y.P.; Jenkins, A.L.; Travis, J.; Andrade-Gordon, P.; Santulli, R.; Potempa, J.; Pike, R.N. 2001: Activation of protease-activated receptors by gingipains from Porphyromonas gingivalis leads to platelet aggregation: a new trait in microbial pathogenicity. Blood 97(12): 3790-3797
Hosotaki, K.; Imamura, T.; Potempa, J.; Kitamura, N.; Travis, J. 1999: Activation of protein C by arginine-specific cysteine proteinases (gingipains-R) from Porphyromonas gingivalis. Biological Chemistry 380(1): 75-80
Ilmakunnas, M.; Petäjä, J.; Höckerstedt, K.; Mäkisalo, H.; Fernandez, J.A.; Griffin, J.H.; Jansson, S.-E.; Repo, H.; Pesonen, E.J. 2003: Activation of protein C during reperfusion in clinical liver transplantation. Transplantation 75(4): 467-472
Hataji, O.; Taguchi, O.; Gabazza, E.C.; Yuda, H.; Fujimoto, H.; Suzuki, K.; Adachi, Y. 2002: Activation of protein C pathway in the airways. Lung 180(1): 47-59
Huang, N.K.; Lin, Y.W.; Huang, C.L.; Messing, R.O.; Chern, Y. 2001: Activation of protein kinase a and atypical protein kinase C by A(2A) adenosine receptors antagonizes apoptosis due to serum deprivation in PC12 cells. Journal of Biological Chemistry 276(17): 13838-13846
Wang, Z.; Wang, G.; Yang, J.; Guo, L.; Yu, Y. 2003: Activation of protein kinase A and clustering of cell surface receptors by N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine are independent of genomic DNA damage. Mutation Research 528(1-2): 29-36
Seternes, O.M.; Sørensen, R.; Johansen, B.; Moens, U. 1999: Activation of protein kinase A by dibutyryl cAMP treatment of NIH 3T3 cells inhibits proliferation but fails to induce Ser-133 phosphorylation and transcriptional activation of CREB. Cellular Signalling 11(3): 211-219
Tsukada, S.; Keino-Masu, K.; Masu, M.; Fukuda, J. 2002: Activation of protein kinase A by nitric oxide in cultured dorsal root ganglion neurites of the rat, examined by a fluorescence probe, ARII. Neuroscience Letters 318(1): 17-20
Mamoon, A.M.; Smith, J.; Baker, R.C.; Farley, J.M. 1999: Activation of protein kinase a increases phospholipase D activity and inhibits phospholipase D activation by acetylcholine in tracheal smooth muscle. Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 291(3): 1188-1195
Kim, G.; Choe, Y.; Park, J.; Cho, S.; Kim, K. 2002: Activation of protein kinase A induces neuronal differentiation of HiB5 hippocampal progenitor cells. Molecular Brain Research 109(1-2): 134-145, 30 December
Zhou, J.; Yi, J.; Hu, N.; George, A.L.; Murray, K.T. 2000: Activation of protein kinase a modulates trafficking of the human cardiac sodium channel in Xenopus oocytes. Circulation Research 87(1): 33-38
Gagnon, A.; Chen, C.S.; Sorisky, A. 1999: Activation of protein kinase B and induction of adipogenesis by insulin in 3T3-L1 preadipocytes: contribution of phosphoinositide-3,4,5-trisphosphate versus phosphoinositide-3,4-bisphosphate. Diabetes 48(4): 691-698
Konishi, H.; Fujiyoshi, T.; Fukui, Y.; Matsuzaki, H.; Yamamoto, T.; Ono, Y.; Andjelkovic, M.; Hemmings, B.A.; Kikkawa, U. 1999: Activation of protein kinase B induced by H(2)O(2) and heat shock through distinct mechanisms dependent and independent of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase. Journal of Biochemistry 126(6): 1136-1143
Brar, B.K.; Stephanou, A.; Knight, R.; Latchman, D.S. 2002: Activation of protein kinase B/Akt by urocortin is essential for its ability to protect cardiac cells against hypoxia/reoxygenation-induced cell death. Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology 34(4): 483-492
Iynedjian, P.B.; Roth, R.A.; Fleischmann, M.; Gjinovci, A. 2000: Activation of protein kinase B/cAkt in hepatocytes is sufficient for the induction of expression of the gene encoding glucokinase. Biochemical Journal 351 Pt 3: 621-627
Torrecillas, A.; Corbalán-García, S.; de Godos, A.; Gómez-Fernández, J.C. 2001: Activation of protein kinase C alpha by lipid mixtures containing different proportions of diacylglycerols. Biochemistry 40(49): 15038-15046
Suprynowicz, F.A.; Groigno, L.; Whitaker, M.; Miller, F.J.; Sluder, G.; Sturrock, J.; Whalley, T. 2000: Activation of protein kinase C alters p34(cdc2) phosphorylation state and kinase activity in early sea urchin embryos by abolishing intracellular Ca2+ transients. Biochemical Journal 349(Part 2): 489-499
Rickard, K.L.; Gibson, P.R.; Young, G.P.; Phillips, W.A. 1999: Activation of protein kinase C augments butyrate-induced differentiation and turnover in human colonic epithelial cells in vitro. Carcinogenesis 20(6): 977-984
Van Soest, P.F.; Lodder, J.C.; Kits, K.S. 2000: Activation of protein kinase C by oxytocin-related conopressin underlies pacemaker current in Lymnaea central neurons. Journal of Neurophysiology 84(5): 2541-2551
Oh, S.; Jang, C.G.; Ma, T.; Ho, I.K. 1999: Activation of protein kinase C by phorbol dibutyrate modulates GABAA receptor binding in rat brain slices. Brain Research 850(1-2): 158-165
Rosfjord, E.C.; Maemura, M.; Johnson, M.D.; Torri, J.A.; Akiyama, S.K.; Woods, V.L.; Dickson, R.B. 1999: Activation of protein kinase C by phorbol esters modulates alpha2beta1 integrin on MCF-7 breast cancer cells. Experimental Cell Research 248(1): 260-271
Yoshida, Y.; Yamada, T.; Sakaguchi, H. 2003: Activation of protein kinase C by the error signal from a basal ganglia-forebrain circuit in the zebra finch song control nuclei. Neuroreport 14(4): 645-649
Tanaka, S.; Koike, T. 2001: Activation of protein kinase C delays apoptosis of nerve growth factor-deprived rat sympathetic neurons through a Ca(2+)-influx dependent mechanism. Neuroscience Letters 313(1-2): 9-12
Frayer, S.M.; Barber, L.A.; Vasko, M.R. 1999: Activation of protein kinase C enhances peptide release from rat spinal cord slices. Neuroscience Letters 265(1): 17-20
Ramoneda, B.Montaner.; Pérez-Tomás, R. 2002: Activation of protein kinase C for protection of cells against apoptosis induced by the immunosuppressor prodigiosin. Biochemical Pharmacology 63(3): 463-469
Arenson, M.S.; Evans, S.C. 2001: Activation of protein kinase C increases acetylcholine release from frog motor nerves by a direct action on L-type Ca(2+) channels and apparently not by depolarisation of the terminal. Neuroscience 104(4): 1157-1164
Fagnen, G.; Phamantu, N.T.; Bocquet, J.; Bonnamy, P.J. 1999: Activation of protein kinase C increases proteoglycan synthesis in immature rat Sertoli cells. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 1472(1-2): 250-261
Chapell, R.; Bueno, O.F.; Alvarez-Hernandez, X.; Robinson, L.C.; Leidenheimer, N.J. 1998: Activation of protein kinase C induces gamma-aminobutyric acid type A receptor internalization in Xenopus oocytes. Journal of Biological Chemistry 273(49): 32595-32601
Kusama, T.; Hatama, K.; Saito, K.; Kizawa, Y.; Murakami, H. 2000: Activation of protein kinase C induces internalization of the GABA(C) receptors expressed in Xenopus oocytes. Japanese Journal of Physiology 50(4): 429-435
Chen, L.; Smith, L.; Johnson, M.R.; Wang, K.; Diasio, R.B.; Smith, J.B. 2000: Activation of protein kinase C induces nuclear translocation of RFX1 and down-regulates c-myc via an intron 1 X box in undifferentiated leukemia HL-60 cells. Journal of Biological Chemistry 275(41): 32227-32233
Ozsarac, N.; Weible, M.; Reynolds, A.J.; Hendry, I.A. 2003: Activation of protein kinase C inhibits retrograde transport of neurotrophins in mice. Journal of Neuroscience Research 72(2): 203-210
Fan, W.H.; Karnovsky, M.J. 2000: Activation of protein kinase C inhibits the expression of connective tissue growth factor. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 275(2): 312-321
Polanowska-Grabowska, R.; Gear, A.R. 1999: Activation of protein kinase C is required for the stable attachment of adherent platelets to collagen but is not needed for the initial rapid adhesion under flow conditions. Arteriosclerosis Thrombosis and Vascular Biology 19(12): 3044-3054
Kim, S.; Bondeva, T.; Nelson, P.G. 2002: Activation of protein kinase C isozymes in primary mouse myotubes by carbachol. Brain Research. Developmental Brain Research 137(1): 13-21
Cowell, H.E.; Garrod, D.R. 1999: Activation of protein kinase C modulates cell-cell and cell-substratum adhesion of a human colorectal carcinoma cell line and restores 'normal' epithelial morphology. International Journal of Cancer 80(3): 455-464
Thiébot, B.; Langris, M.; Bonnamy, P.J.; Bocquet, J. 1999: Activation of protein kinase C pathway by phorbol ester results in a proteoglycan synthesis increase in peritubular cells from immature rat testis. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 1426(1): 151-167
Crandall, M.; Kwash, J.; Yu, W.; White, G. 2002: Activation of protein kinase C sensitizes human VR1 to capsaicin and to moderate decreases in pH at physiological temperatures in Xenopus oocytes. Pain 98(1-2): 109-117
Potter, L.R.; Hunter, T. 2000: Activation of protein kinase C stimulates the dephosphorylation of natriuretic peptide receptor-B at a single serine residue: a possible mechanism of heterologous desensitization. Journal of Biological Chemistry 275(40): 31099-31106
Tibudan, S.S.; Wang, Y.; Denning, M.F. 2002: Activation of protein kinase C triggers irreversible cell cycle withdrawal in human keratinocytes. Journal of Investigative Dermatology 119(6): 1282-1289
Beeson, M.; Sajan, M.P.; Dizon, M.; Grebenev, D.; Gomez-Daspet, J.; Miura, A.; Kanoh, Y.; Powe, J.; Bandyopadhyay, G.; Standaert, M.L.; Farese, R.V. 2003: Activation of protein kinase C-zeta by insulin and phosphatidylinositol-3,4,5-(PO4)3 is defective in muscle in type 2 diabetes and impaired glucose tolerance: amelioration by rosiglitazone and exercise. Diabetes 52(8): 1926-1934
Means, T., K.; Lodie, T., A.; Fenton, M., J. 1999: Activation of protein kinase CK2 by LPS is mediated by the MAP kinase pathway. Journal of Endotoxin Research 5(1-2): 37-40
Brenneisen, P.; Wlaschek, M.; Schwamborn, E.; Schneider, L.-A.; Ma, W.; Sies, H.; Scharffetter-Kochanek, K. 2002: Activation of protein kinase CK2 is an early step in the ultraviolet B-mediated increase in interstitial collagenase (matrix metalloproteinase-1; MMP-1) and stromelysin-1 (MMP-3) protein levels in human dermal fibroblasts. Biochemical Journal 365(Part 1): 31-40
Garbi, M.; Rubinstein, S.; Lax, Y.; Breitbart, H. 2000: Activation of protein kinase calpha in the lysophosphatidic acid-induced bovine sperm acrosome reaction and phospholipase D1 regulation. Biology of Reproduction 63(5): 1271-1277
Detjen, K.M.; Brembeck, F.H.; Welzel, M.; Kaiser, A.; Haller, H.; Wiedenmann, B.; Rosewicz, S. 2000: Activation of protein kinase Calpha inhibits growth of pancreatic cancer cells via p21(cip)-mediated G(1) arrest. Journal of Cell Science 113: 3025-3035
Gundersen, C.B.; Kohan, S.A.; Chen, Q.; Iagnemma, J.; Umbach, J.A. 2002: Activation of protein kinase Ceta triggers cortical granule exocytosis in Xenopus oocytes. Journal of Cell Science 115(Part 6): 1313-1320
Hussain, S.; Assender, J.W.; Bond, M.; Wong, L.-F.; Murphy, D.; Newby, A.C. 2002: Activation of protein kinase Czeta is essential for cytokine-induced metalloproteinase-1, -3, and -9 secretion from rabbit smooth muscle cells and inhibits proliferation. Journal of Biological Chemistry 277(30): 27345-27352
Yuan, J.; Slice, L.W.; Rozengurt, E. 2001: Activation of protein kinase D by signaling through Rho and the alpha subunit of the heterotrimeric G protein G13. Journal of Biological Chemistry 276(42): 38619-38627
Yuan, J.; Slice, L.; Walsh, J.H.; Rozengurt, E. 2000: Activation of protein kinase D by signaling through the alpha subunit of the heterotrimeric G protein G(q). Journal of Biological Chemistry 275(3): 2157-2164
Song-Lun; Li-Yan; Yu-Ming; Shen-Beifen 2002: Activation of protein kinase ERK mediates proliferative effect of IFN-alpha on human myeloma cell line U266. Zhonghua Weishengwuxue He Mianyixue Zazhi 22(3): 339-341
Lefièvre, L.; Jha, K.N.; de Lamirande, E.; Visconti, P.E.; Gagnon, C. 2002: Activation of protein kinase A during human sperm capacitation and acrosome reaction. Journal of Andrology 23(5): 709-716
Clerk, A.; Sugden, P.H. 1999: Activation of protein kinase cascades in the heart by hypertrophic G protein-coupled receptor agonists. American Journal of Cardiology 83(12A): 64H-69H
Fujikawa, H.; Tani, E.; Yamaura, I.; Ozaki, I.; Miyaji, K.; Sato, M.; Takahashi, K.; Imajoh-Ohmi, S. 1999: Activation of protein kinases in canine basilar artery in vasospasm. Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism: Official Journal of the International Society of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism 19(1): 44-52
Rafiee, P.; Shi, Y.; Kong, X.; Pritchard, K.A.; Tweddell, J.S.; Litwin, S.Bert.; Mussatto, K.; Jaquiss, R.D.; Su, J.; Baker, J.E. 2002: Activation of protein kinases in chronically hypoxic infant human and rabbit hearts: role in cardioprotection. Circulation 106(2): 239-245
Meconi, S.; Capo, C.; Remacle-Bonnet, M.; Pommier, G.; Raoult, D.; Mege, J.L. 2001: Activation of protein tyrosine kinases by Coxiella burnetii: role in actin cytoskeleton reorganization and bacterial phagocytosis. Infection and Immunity 69(4): 2520-2526
Satoh, K.; Asazuma, N.; Yatomi, Y.; Fujimura, Y.; Miura, S.; Titani, K.; Ozaki, Y. 2000: Activation of protein-tyrosine kinase pathways in human platelets stimulated with the A1 domain of von Willebrand factor. Platelets 11(3): 171-176
Buresi, M.C.; Buret, Aé.G.; Hollenberg, M.D.; MacNaughton, W.K. 2002: Activation of proteinase-activated receptor 1 stimulates epithelial chloride secretion through a unique MAP kinase- and cyclo-oxygenase-dependent pathway. Faseb Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology 16(12): 1515-1525
Brundel, B.J.J.M.; Ausma, J.; van Gelder, I.C.; Van der Want, J.J.L.; van Gilst, W.H.; Crijns, H.J.G.M.; Henning, R.H. 2002: Activation of proteolysis by calpains and structural changes in human paroxysmal and persistent atrial fibrillation. Cardiovascular Research 54(2): 380-389
Kurasawa, K.; Nawata, Y.; Takabayashi, K.; Kumano, K.; Kita, Y.; Takiguchi, Y.; Kuriyama, T.; Sueishi, M.; Saito, Y.; Iwamoto, I. 2002: Activation of pulmonary T cells in corticosteroid-resistant and -sensitive interstitial pneumonitis in dermatomyositis/polymyositis. Clinical and Experimental Immunology 129(3): 541-548
Khan, T.A.; Bianchi, C.; Araujo, E.G.; Ruel, M.; Voisine, P.; Sellke, F.W. 2003: Activation of pulmonary mitogen-activated protein kinases during cardiopulmonary bypass. Journal of Surgical Research 115(1): 56-62
Wang, X.; Kim, S.U.; Van Breemen, C.; Mclarnon, J.G. 2000: Activation of purinergic P2X receptors inhibits P2Y-mediated Ca2+ influx in human microglia. Cell Calcium 27(4): 205-212
Hegg, C.C.; Greenwood, D.; Huang, W.; Han, P.; Lucero, M.T. 2003: Activation of purinergic receptor subtypes modulates odor sensitivity. Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience 23(23): 8291-8301
Harkins, A.B.; Fox, A.P. 2000: Activation of purinergic receptors by ATP inhibits secretion in bovine adrenal chromaffin cells. Brain Research 885(2): 231-239
Melendez, J.; Welch, S.; Schaefer, E.; Moravec, C.S.; Avraham, S.; Avraham, H.; Sussman, M.A. 2002: Activation of pyk2/related focal adhesion tyrosine kinase and focal adhesion kinase in cardiac remodeling. Journal of Biological Chemistry 277(47): 45203-45210
Braud, S.; Bon, C.; Touqui, L.; Mounier, C. 2000: Activation of rabbit blood platelets by anandamide through its cleavage into arachidonic acid. FEBS Letters 471(1): 12-16
Ozil, J.P.; Huneau, D. 2001: Activation of rabbit oocytes: the impact of the Ca2+ signal regime on development. Development 128(6): 917-928
Yang, H.; Taché, Y.; Ohning, G.; Go, V.Liang.W. 2002: Activation of raphe pallidus neurons increases insulin through medullary thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH)-vagal pathways. Pancreas 25(3): 301-307
Liu, T.; Liu, X.; Wang, H.y.; Moon, R.T.; Malbon, C.C. 1999: Activation of rat frizzled-1 promotes Wnt signaling and differentiation of mouse F9 teratocarcinoma cells via pathways that require Galpha(q) and Galpha(o) function. Journal of Biological Chemistry 274(47): 33539-33544
Yehualaeshet, T.; O'Connor, R.; Green-Johnson, J.; Mai, S.; Silverstein, R.; Murphy-Ullrich, J.E.; Khalil, N. 1999: Activation of rat alveolar macrophage-derived latent transforming growth factor beta-1 by plasmin requires interaction with thrombospondin-1 and its cell surface receptor, CD36. American Journal of Pathology 155(3): 841-851
Whalen, R.; Rockey, D.C.; Friedman, S.L.; Boyer, T.D. 1999: Activation of rat hepatic stellate cells leads to loss of glutathione S-transferases and their enzymatic activity against products of oxidative stress. Hepatology 30(4): 927-933
Chen, C.L.; Yang, Y.R.; Chiu, T.H. 1999: Activation of rat locus coeruleus neuron GABAA receptors by propofol and its potentiation by pentobarbital or alphaxalone. European Journal of Pharmacology 386(2-3): 201-210
Adelsberger, H.; Lepier, A.; Dudel, J. 2000: Activation of rat recombinant alpha(1)beta(2)gamma(2S) GABA(A) receptor by the insecticide ivermectin. European Journal of Pharmacology 394(2-3): 163-170
Dombrink-Kurtzman, M.A.; Gomez-Flores, R.; Weber, R.J. 2000: Activation of rat splenic macrophage and lymphocyte functions by fumonisin B1. Immunopharmacology 49(3): 401-409
Schmidt, A.M.; Yan, S.D.; Wautier, J.L.; Stern, D. 1999: Activation of receptor for advanced glycation end products: A mechanism for chronic vascular dysfunction in diabetic vasculopathy and atherosclerosis. Circulation Research 84(5): 489-497
Noguchi, A.; Hirashima, N.; Furuno, T.; Nakanishi, M. 2002: Activation of receptor tyrosine kinases promotes gene transfection in rat neuronal PC12 cells by cationic liposomes. Neuroscience Letters 325(1): 29-32
Mekrache, Médina.; Kieffer, N.; Baruch, D. 2002: Activation of recombinant alphaIIbbeta3 expressed in Chinese hamster ovary cells exposes different binding sites for fibrinogen or von Willebrand factor: evidence using monoclonal antibodies to alphaIIbbeta3. British Journal of Haematology 116(3): 636-644
Li, W.; Machule, D.; Gao, C.; Denbesten, P.K. 1999: Activation of recombinant bovine matrix metalloproteinase-20 and its hydrolysis of two amelogenin oligopeptides. European Journal of Oral Sciences 107(5): 352-359
Cao, Y.J.; Houamed, K.M. 1999: Activation of recombinant human SK4 channels by metal cations. FEBS Letters 446(1): 137-141
Zamolodchikova, T.S.; Sokolova, E.A.; Lu, D.; Sadler, J.E. 2000: Activation of recombinant proenteropeptidase by duodenase. FEBS Letters 466(2-3): 295-299
Fitch, G.K.; Patel, K.P.; Weiss, M.L. 2000: Activation of renal afferent pathways following furosemide treatment. I. Effects of survival time and renal denervation. Brain Research 861(2): 363-376
Fitch, G.K.; Weiss, M.L. 2000: Activation of renal afferent pathways following furosemide treatment. II. Effect of angiotensin blockade. Brain Research 861(2): 377-389
Gontijo, J.A.; Kopp, U.C. 1999: Activation of renal pelvic chemoreceptors in rats: role of calcitonin gene-related peptide receptors. Acta Physiologica Scandinavica 166(2): 159-165
Feliers, D.; Duraisamy, S.; Faulkner, J.L.; Duch, J.; Lee, A.V.; Abboud, H.E.; Choudhury, G.G.; Kasinath, B.S. 2001: Activation of renal signaling pathways in db/db mice with type 2 diabetes. Kidney International 60(2): 495-504
Balzamo, E.; Pellegrin, V.; Somma-Mauvais, H.; Jammes, Y. 1999: Activation of respiratory afferents by resistive loaded breathing modifies somatosensory evoked potentials to median nerve stimulation in humans. Neuroscience Letters 270(3): 157-160
Voie, O.A.; Tysklind, M.; Andersson, P.L.; Fonnum, F. 2000: Activation of respiratory burst in human granulocytes by polychlorinated biphenyls: A structure-activity study. Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology 167(2): 118-124
Schneider, S.M.; Offterdinger, M.; Huber, H.; Grunt, T.W. 2000: Activation of retinoic acid receptor alpha is sufficient for full induction of retinoid responses in SK-BR-3 and T47D human breast cancer cells. Cancer Research 60(19): 5479-5487
Chung, J.J.; Cho, S.; Kwon, Y.K.; Kim, D.H.; Kim, K. 2000: Activation of retinoic acid receptor gamma induces proliferation of immortalized hippocampal progenitor cells. Brain Research. Molecular Brain Research 83(1-2): 52-62
Idres, N.; Marill, J.; Flexor, M.A.; Chabot, G.G. 2002: Activation of retinoic acid receptor-dependent transcription by all-trans-retinoic acid metabolites and isomers. Journal of Biological Chemistry 277(35): 31491-31498
Zhelyaznik, N.; Schrage, K.; McCaffery, P.; Mey, Jörg. 2003: Activation of retinoic acid signalling after sciatic nerve injury: Up-regulation of cellular retinoid binding proteins. European Journal of Neuroscience 18(5): 1033-1040
Sell, L.A.; Morris, J.; Bearn, J.; Frackowiak, R.S.; Friston, K.J.; Dolan, R.J. 1999: Activation of reward circuitry in human opiate addicts. European Journal of Neuroscience 11(3): 1042-1048
McCarthy, N.E.M.; Akhtar, M. 2002: Activation of rhodopsin kinase. Biochemical Journal 363(Part 2): 359-364
Mccarthy, T.V.; Datar, S.; Mackrill, J.J. 2003: Activation of ryanodine receptor/Ca2+ release channels downregulates CD38 in the Namalwa B lymphoma. FEBS Letters 554(1-2): 133-137
Gurrola, G.B.; Arévalo, C.; Sreekumar, R.; Lokuta, A.J.; Walker, J.W.; Valdivia, H.H. 1999: Activation of ryanodine receptors by imperatoxin A and a peptide segment of the II-III loop of the dihydropyridine receptor. Journal of Biological Chemistry 274(12): 7879-7886
Bkaily, G.; Choufani, S.; Sader, S.; Jacques, D.; d'Orléans-Juste, P.; Nader, M.; Kurban, G.; Kamal, M. 2003: Activation of sarcolemma and nuclear membranes ET-1 receptors regulates transcellular calcium levels in heart and vascular smooth muscle cells. Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology 81(6): 654-662
Gallar, J.; Acosta, M.Carmen.; Belmonte, C. 2003: Activation of scleral cold thermoreceptors by temperature and blood flow changes. IOVS Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science 44(2): 697-705
Monick, M.M.; Hunninghake, G.W. 2002: Activation of second messenger pathways in alveolar macrophages by endotoxin. European Respiratory Journal 20(1): 210-222
Dickstein, R.; Heffes, Y.; Laufer, Y.; Ben-Haim, Z. 1999: Activation of selected trunk muscles during symmetric functional activities in poststroke hemiparetic and hemiplegic patients. Journal of Neurology Neurosurgery and Psychiatry 66(2): 218-221
Huang, Z.L.; Mochizuki, T.; Watanabe, H.; Maeyama, K. 1999: Activation of sensory nerves participates in stress-induced histamine release from mast cells in rats. Neuroscience Letters 270(3): 181-184
Santos, A.M.; Montanez Clemente, I.; Barletta, G.; Griebenow, K. 1999: Activation of serine protease subtilisin Carlsberg in organic solvents: Combined effect of methyl-beta-cyclodextrin and water. Biotechnology Letters 21(12): 1113-1118
Tanaka, J.; Okumura, T.; Sakamaki, K.; Miyakubo, H. 2001: Activation of serotonergic pathways from the midbrain raphe system to the subfornical organ by hemorrhage in the rat. Experimental Neurology 169(1): 156-162
Przegaliński, E.; Siwanowicz, J.; Baran, L.; Filip, M. 2000: Activation of serotonin (5-HT)1A receptors inhibits amphetamine sensitization in mice. Life Sciences 66(11): 1011-1019
Zhou, F.M.; Hablitz, J.J. 1999: Activation of serotonin receptors modulates synaptic transmission in rat cerebral cortex. Journal of Neurophysiology 82(6): 2989-2999
Grahn, R.E.; Will, M.J.; Hammack, S.E.; Maswood, S.; Mcqueen, M.B.; Watkins, L.R.; Maier, S.F. 1999: Activation of serotonin-immunoreactive cells in the dorsal raphe nucleus in rats exposed to an uncontrollable stressor. Brain Research 826(1): 35-43
Montaner, S.; Perona, R.; Saniger, L.; Lacal, J.C. 1999: Activation of serum response factor by RhoA is mediated by the nuclear factor-kappaB and C/EBP transcription factors. Journal of Biological Chemistry 274(13): 8506-8515
Bernal-Mizrachi, E.; Wice, B.; Inoue, H.; Permutt, M.A. 2000: Activation of serum response factor in the depolarization induction of Egr-1 transcription in pancreatic islet beta-cells. Journal of Biological Chemistry 275(33): 25681-25689
Perrotti, N.; He, R.A.; Phillips, S.A.; Haft, C.R.; Taylor, S.I. 2000: Activation of serum- and glucocorticoid-induced protein kinase (Sgk) by cyclic AMP and insulin. Journal of Biological Chemistry 276(12): 9406-9412
Kobayashi, T.; Cohen, P. 1999: Activation of serum- and glucocorticoid-regulated protein kinase by agonists that activate phosphatidylinositide 3-kinase is mediated by 3-phosphoinositide-dependent protein kinase-1 (PDK1) and PDK2. Biochemical Journal 339: 319-328
Torres, M.; Forman, H.J. 1999: Activation of several MAP kinases upon stimulation of rat alveolar macrophages: role of the NADPH oxidase. Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics 366(2): 231-239
Brittain, J.E.; Mlinar, K.J.; Anderson, C.S.; Orringer, E.P.; Parise, L.V. 2001: Activation of sickle red blood cell adhesion via integrin-associated protein/CD47-induced signal transduction. Journal of Clinical Investigation 107(12): 1555-1562
Schreiber, S.; Rosenstiel, P.; Hampe, J.; Nikolaus, S.; Groessner, B.; Schottelius, A.; Kühbacher, T.; Hämling, J.; Fölsch, U.R.; Seegert, D. 2002: Activation of signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) 1 in human chronic inflammatory bowel disease. Gut 51(3): 379-385
Ng, D.C.H.; Court, N.W.; dos Remedios, C.G.; Bogoyevitch, M.A. 2003: Activation of signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) pathways in failing human hearts. Cardiovascular Research 57(2): 333-346
Mahboubi, K.; Pober, J.S. 2002: Activation of signal transducer and activator of transcription 1 (STAT1) is not sufficient for the induction of STAT1-dependent genes in endothelial cells. Comparison of interferon-gamma and oncostatin M. Journal of Biological Chemistry 277(10): 8012-8021
Hwang, J.H.; Kim, D.W.; Suh, J.M.; Kim, H.; Song, J.H.; Hwang, E.S.; Park, K.C.; Chung, H.K.; Kim, J.M.; Lee, T.-H.; Yu, D.-Y.; Shong, M. 2003: Activation of signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 by oncogenic RET/PTC (rearranged in transformation/papillary thyroid carcinoma) tyrosine kinase: roles in specific gene regulation and cellular transformation. Molecular Endocrinology 17(6): 1155-1166
Tacchini, L.; Fusar-Poli, D.; Sironi, M.; Mantovani, A.; Bernelli-Zazzera, A. 2003: Activation of signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 in rat liver after heat shock and reperfusion stress. International Journal of Biochemistry and Cell Biology 35(3): 316-323
Negoro, S.; Kunisada, K.; Fujio, Y.; Funamoto, M.; Darville, M.I.; Eizirik, D.L.; Osugi, T.; Izumi, M.; Oshima, Y.; Nakaoka, Y.; Hirota, H.; Kishimoto, T.; Yamauchi-Takihara, K. 2001: Activation of signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 protects cardiomyocytes from hypoxia/reoxygenation-induced oxidative stress through the upregulation of manganese superoxide dismutase. Circulation 104(9): 979-981
Deng, J.; Hua, K.; Lesser, S.S.; Harp, J.B. 2000: Activation of signal transducer and activator of transcription-3 during proliferative phases of 3T3-L1 adipogenesis. Endocrinology 141(7): 2370-2376
Sakuda, S.; Tamura, S.; Yamada, A.; Miyagawa, J.ichiro.; Yamamoto, K.; Kiso, S.; Ito, N.; Imanaka, K.; Wada, A.; Naka, T.; Kishimoto, T.; Kawata, S.; Matsuzawa, Y. 2002: Activation of signal transducer and activator transcription 3 and expression of suppressor of cytokine signal 1 during liver regeneration in rats. Journal of Hepatology 36(3): 378-384
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Zhong, H.; Murphy, T.J.; Minneman, K.P. 2000: Activation of signal transducers and activators of transcription by alpha(1A)-adrenergic receptor stimulation in PC12 cells. Molecular Pharmacology 57(5): 961-967
Abbate, I.; Dianzani, F.; Capobianchi, M.R. 2000: Activation of signal transduction and apoptosis in healthy lymphomonocytes exposed to bystander HIV-1-infected cells. Clinical and experimental immunology 122(3): 374-380
Gil, C.; Chaïb-Oukadour, I.; Pelliccioni, P.; Aguilera, J. 2000: Activation of signal transduction pathways involving trkA, PLCgamma-1, PKC isoforms and ERK-1/2 by tetanus toxin. Febs Letters 481(2): 177-182
Kühbacher, T.; Gionchetti, P.; Hampe, J.; Helwig, U.; Rosenstiel, P.; Campieri, M.; Buhr, H.J.; Schreiber, S. 2001: Activation of signal-transducer and activator of transcription 1 (STAT1) in pouchitis. Clinical and Experimental Immunology 123(3): 395-401
Seegers, J.C.; Engelbrecht, C.A.; van Papendorp, D.H. 2001: Activation of signal-transduction mechanisms may underlie the therapeutic effects of an applied electric field. Medical Hypotheses 57(2): 224-230
Xu, G.Y.; Huang, L.Y.; Zhao, Z.Q. 2000: Activation of silent mechanoreceptive cat C and Adelta sensory neurons and their substance P expression following peripheral inflammation. Journal of Physiology 528 Pt 2: 339-348
Vujcic, M.; Miller, C.A.; Kowalski, D. 1999: Activation of silent replication origins at autonomously replicating sequence elements near the HML locus in budding yeast. Molecular and Cellular Biology 19(9): 6098-6109
Liao, D.; Scannevin, R.H.; Huganir, R. 2001: Activation of silent synapses by rapid activity-dependent synaptic recruitment of AMPA receptors. Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience 21(16): 6008-6017
Winegar, B.D.; Yost, C.S.encer 1998: Activation of single potassium channels in rat cerebellar granule cells by anesthetics. Toxicology Letters (Shannon) 100-101: 287-291
Corona, T.; Bao, Q.; Christ, N.; Schwartz, T.; Li, J.; Dröge, P. 2003: Activation of site-specific DNA integration in human cells by a single chain integration host factor. Nucleic Acids Research 31(17): 5140-5148
Li, J.; Potts, J.T.; Kramer, G.L.; Petty, F.; Mitchell, J.H. 2001: Activation of skeletal muscle afferents evokes release of glutamate in the subretrofacial nucleus (SRF) of cats. Brain Research 894(2): 249-254
Tsutsumi, S.; Gupta, S.K.; Hogan, V.; Collard, J.G.; Raz, A. 2002: Activation of small GTPase Rho is required for autocrine motility factor signaling. Cancer Research 62(15): 4484-4490
Schrader, J.W.; Schallhorn, A.; Grill, B.; Guo, X. 2002: Activation of small GTPases of the Ras and Rho family by growth factors active on mast cells. Molecular Immunology 38(16-18): 1181-1186
Van Lierop, J.E.; Wilson, D.P.; Davis, J.P.; Tikunova, S.; Sutherland, C.; Walsh, M.P.; Johnson, J.D. 2002: Activation of smooth muscle myosin light chain kinase by calmodulin. Role of LYS(30) and GLY(40). Journal of Biological Chemistry 277(8): 6550-6558
Bracamonte, M.P.; Burnett, J.C.; Miller, V.M. 1999: Activation of soluble guanylate cyclase and potassium channels contribute to relaxations to nitric oxide in smooth muscle derived from canine femoral veins. Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology 34(3): 407-413
Severina, I.S.; Bussygina, O.G.; Pyatakova, N.V.; Malenkova, I.V.; Vanin, A.F. 2003: Activation of soluble guanylate cyclase by NO donors--S-nitrosothiols, and dinitrosyl-iron complexes with thiol-containing ligands. Nitric Oxide: Biology and Chemistry 8(3): 155-163
Sharma, V.S.; Magde, D. 1999: Activation of soluble guanylate cyclase by carbon monoxide and nitric oxide: a mechanistic model. Methods 19(4): 494-505
Severina, I.S.; Bussygina, O.G.; Pyatakova, N.V. 2000: Activation of soluble guanylate cyclase with new NO donor as a basis for goal-oriented search for new effective vasodilators and antiaggregants. Vestnik Rossiiskoi Akademii Meditsinskikh Nauk 4: 25-30
Shafer, D.E.; Toll, B.; Schuman, R.F.; Nelson, B.L.; Mond, J.J.; Lees, A. 2000: Activation of soluble polysaccharides with 1-cyano-4-dimethylaminopyridinium tetrafluoroborate (CDAP) for use in protein-polysaccharide conjugate vaccines and immunological reagents. II. Selective crosslinking of proteins to CDAP-activated polysaccharides. Vaccine 18(13): 1273-1281
Avanzi, V.; Brandão, M.L. 2001: Activation of somatodendritic 5-HT(1A) autoreceptors in the median raphe nucleus disrupts the contextual conditioning in rats. Behavioural Brain Research 126(1-2): 175-184
Hämäläinen, H.; Hiltunen, J.; Titievskaja, I. 2002: Activation of somatosensory cortical areas varies with attentional state: An fMRI study. Behavioural Brain Research 135(1-2): 159-165
Dörflinger, U.; Pscherer, A.; Moser, M.; Rümmele, P.; Schüle, R.; Buettner, R. 1999: Activation of somatostatin receptor II expression by transcription factors MIBP1 and SEF-2 in the murine brain. Molecular and Cellular Biology 19(5): 3736-3747
Dubé, T.; Brunson, T.; Nehlig, A.; Baram, T.Z. 2000: Activation of specific neuronal circuits by corticotropin releasing hormone as indicated by c-fos expression and glucose metabolism. Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism: Official Journal of the International Society of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism 20(10): 1414-1424
Lightle, S.A.; Oakley, J.I.; Nikolova-Karakashian, M.N. 2000: Activation of sphingolipid turnover and chronic generation of ceramide and sphingosine in liver during aging. Mechanisms of Ageing and Development 120(1-3): 111-125
Blaukat, A.; Dikic, I. 2001: Activation of sphingosine kinase by the bradykinin B2 receptor and its implication in regulation of the ERK/MAP kinase pathway. Biological Chemistry 382(1): 135-139
Xia, P.; Wang, L.; Gamble, J.R.; Vadas, M.A. 1999: Activation of sphingosine kinase by tumor necrosis factor-alpha inhibits apoptosis in human endothelial cells. Journal of Biological Chemistry 274(48): 34499-34505
Kawamata, T.; Omote, K. 1999: Activation of spinal N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors stimulates a nitric oxide/cyclic guanosine 3,5-monophosphate/glutamate release cascade in nociceptive signaling. Anesthesiology 91(5): 1415-1424
Dong, X-Wei.; Williams, P.A.; Jia, Y-Ping.; Priestley, T. 2002: Activation of spinal ORL-1 receptors prevents acute cutaneous neurogenic inflammation: Role of nociceptin-induced suppression of primary afferent depolarization. Pain 96(3): 309-318
Galan, A.; Lopez-Garcia, J.Antonio.; Cervero, F.; Laird, J.M.A. 2002: Activation of spinal extracellular signaling-regulated kinase-1 and -2 by intraplantar carrageenan in rodents. Neuroscience Letters 322(1): 37-40
Lorrain, D.S.; Correa, L.; Anderson, J.; Varney, M. 2002: Activation of spinal group I metabotropic glutamate receptors in rats evokes local glutamate release and spontaneous nociceptive behaviors: Effects of 2-methyl-6-(phenylethynyl)-pyridine pretreatment. Neuroscience Letters 327(3): 198-202
Cannon, K.E.; Nalwalk, J.W.; Stadel, R.; Ge, P.; Lawson, D.; Silos-Santiago, I.; Hough, L.B. 2003: Activation of spinal histamine H3 receptors inhibits mechanical nociception. European Journal of Pharmacology 470(3): 139-147
Guo, W.; Zou, S.; Tal, M.; Ren, K. 2002: Activation of spinal kainate receptors after inflammation: Behavioral hyperalgesia and subunit gene expression. European Journal of Pharmacology 452(3): 309-318
Celuch, S.Maris.; García, Mía.del.Carmen. 2002: Activation of spinal metabotropic glutamate receptors elicits cardiovascular responses in pentobarbital anesthetized rats. Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology 366(4): 343-349
Yang, H-Y.T.; Iadarola, M.J. 2003: Activation of spinal neuropeptide FF and the neuropeptide FF Receptor 2 during inflammatory hyperalgesia in rats. Neuroscience 118(1): 179-187
Kjørsvik, A.; Tjølsen, A.; Hole, K. 2001: Activation of spinal serotonin(2A/2C) receptors augments nociceptive responses in the rat. Brain Research 910(1-2): 179-181
Jinks, S.L.; Carstens, E. 1999: Activation of spinal wide dynamic range neurons by intracutaneous microinjection of nicotine. Journal of Neurophysiology 82(6): 3046-3055
Wilson, L.B.; Andrew, D.; Craig, A.D. 2002: Activation of spinobulbar lamina i neurons by static muscle contraction. Journal of Neurophysiology 87(3): 1641-1645
Rykova, E.; Laktionov, P.; Vlassov, V. 1999: Activation of spleen lymphocytes by plasmid DNA. Nucleosides and Nucleotides 18(6-7): 1693-1695
Lu-Changlong; Yan-Jianzhong; Hu-Pinliang 1999: Activation of squid ink extracts on macrophages in vivo. Journal of China Medical University 28(6): 410-411
Mallozzi, C.; Di Stasi, A.M.; Minetti, M. 1999: Activation of src tyrosine kinases by peroxynitrite. Febs Letters 456(1): 201-206
Napolitani, G.; Bortoletto, N.; Racioppi, L.; Lanzavecchia, A.; D'Oro, U. 2003: Activation of src-family tyrosine kinases by LPS regulates cytokine production in dendritic cells by controlling AP-1 formation. European Journal of Immunology 33(10): 2832-2841
Lewerenz, J.; Letz, J.; Methner, A. 2003: Activation of stimulatory heterotrimeric G proteins increases glutathione and protects neuronal cells against oxidative stress. Journal of Neurochemistry 87(2): 522-531
Rosado, J.A.; Sage, S.O. 2001: Activation of store-mediated calcium entry by secretion-like coupling between the inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor type II and human transient receptor potential (hTrp1) channels in human platelets. Biochemical Journal 356(Pt 1): 191-198
Bödding, M. 2001: Activation of store-operated Ca2+ entry in RBL cells without the contribution of protein kinases. Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology 363(6): 633-638
Scott, C.C.; Furuya, W.; Trimble, W.S.; Grinstein, S. 2003: Activation of store-operated calcium channels: assessment of the role of snare-mediated vesicular transport. Journal of Biological Chemistry 278(33): 30534-30539
Albert, A.P.; Large, W.A. 2002: Activation of store-operated channels by noradrenaline via protein kinase C in rabbit portal vein myocytes. Journal of Physiology 544(Pt 1): 113-125
Sreedhar, A.S.; Srinivas, U.K. 2002: Activation of stress response by ionomycin in rat hepatoma cells. Journal of Cellular Biochemistry 86(1): 154-161
Lee, M.; Choi, I.; Park, K. 2002: Activation of stress signaling molecules in bat brain during arousal from hibernation. Journal of Neurochemistry 82(4): 867-873
Uchida, K.; Shiraishi, M.; Naito, Y.; Torii, Y.; Nakamura, Y.; Osawa, T. 1999: Activation of stress signaling pathways by the end product of lipid peroxidation. 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal is a potential inducer of intracellular peroxide production. Journal of Biological Chemistry 274(4): 2234-2242
Ozaki, I.; Tani, E.; Ikemoto, H.; Kitagawa, H.; Fujikawa, H. 1999: Activation of stress-activated protein kinase/c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase and p38 kinase in calphostin C-induced apoptosis requires caspase-3-like proteases but is dispensable for cell death. Journal of Biological Chemistry 274(9): 5310-5317
Arnoczky, S.P.; Tian, T.; Lavagnino, M.; Gardner, K.; Schuler, P.; Morse, P. 2002: Activation of stress-activated protein kinases (SAPK) in tendon cells following cyclic strain: the effects of strain frequency, strain magnitude, and cytosolic calcium. Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society 20(5): 947-952
Varley, C.L.; Armitage, S.; Dickson, A.J. 1999: Activation of stress-activated protein kinases by hepatocyte isolation induces gene 33 expression. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 254(3): 728-733
Giasson, B.I.; Bruening, W.; Durham, H.D.; Mushynski, W.E. 1999: Activation of stress-activated protein kinases correlates with neurite outgrowth induced by protease inhibition in PC12 cells. Journal of Neurochemistry 72(3): 1081-1087
Kronthaler, U.O.; Schmidt, W.J. 2000: Activation of striatal group II metabotropic glutamate receptors has a differential effect on dopamine-D1 and -D2 receptor antagonist-induced hypokinesia in the rat. Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology 361(3): 289-297
Aleman, A.; Rutten, G.J.; Sitskoorn, M.M.; Dautzenberg, G.; Ramsey, N.F. 2001: Activation of striate cortex in the absence of visual stimulation: an fMRI study of synesthesia. Neuroreport 12(13): 2827-2830
Lamm, T.R.; Kohls, T.D.; Stankovich, M.T. 2002: Activation of substrate/product couples by medium-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase. Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics 404(1): 136-146
Corvey, C.; Stein, T.; Düsterhus, S.; Karas, M.; Entian, K-Dieter. 2003: Activation of subtilin precursors by Bacillus subtilis extracellular serine proteases subtilisin (AprE), WprA, and Vpr. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 304(1): 48-54
Pathre, U.V.; Sinha, A.K.; Ranade, S.A.; Shirke, P.A. 2000: Activation of sucrose-phosphate synthase from Prosopis juliflora in light: Effects of protein kinase and protein phosphatase inhibitors. Physiologia Plantarum 108(3): 249-254
Mohan, R.M.; Paterson, D.J. 2000: Activation of sulphonylurea-sensitive channels and the NO-cGMP pathway decreases the heart rate response to sympathetic nerve stimulation. Cardiovascular Research 47(1): 81-89
Tang Zhi Yu; Dai Chao Liu; Shen Yong; Zhu Xing; Huai Ming Sheng; Tian, D.Z.i 2002: Activation of superoxide dismutase after ischemic preconditioning in ischemia-reperfusion injury of liver of rats. Journal of China Medical University 31(4): 270-272
Strayer, D.S.; Korutla, L. 2000: Activation of surfactant protein-B transcription: signaling through the SP-A receptor utilizing the PI3 kinase pathway. Journal of Cellular Physiology 184(2): 229-238
Adding, L.C.; Agvald, P.; Artlich, A.; Gustafsson, L.E. 2001: Activation of sympathoadrenomedullary system increases pulmonary nitric oxide production in the rabbit. European Journal of Pharmacology 411(3): 311-318
Sebastião, A.M.; de Mendonca, A.; Moreira, T.; Ribeiro, J.A. 2001: Activation of synaptic NMDA receptors by action potential-dependent release of transmitter during hypoxia impairs recovery of synaptic transmission on reoxygenation. Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience 21(21): 8564-8571
Lu, W.; Man, H.; Ju, W.; Trimble, W.S.; MacDonald, J.F.; Wang, Y.T. 2001: Activation of synaptic NMDA receptors induces membrane insertion of new AMPA receptors and LTP in cultured hippocampal neurons. Neuron 29(1): 243-254
Meier, C.; Ristic, Z.; Klauser, S.; Verrey, Fçois. 2002: Activation of system L heterodimeric amino acid exchangers by intracellular substrates. EMBO Journal 21(4): 580-589
Palauqui, J.C.; Balzergue, S. 1999: Activation of systemic acquired silencing by localised introduction of DNA. Current Biology: Cb 9(2): 59-66
Niiyama, H.; Mizumoto, K.; Kusumoto, M.; Ogawa, T.; Suehara, N.; Shimura, H.; Tanaka, M. 1999: Activation of telomerase and its diagnostic application in biopsy specimens from biliary tract neoplasms. Cancer 85(10): 2138-2143
Kim, J.K.; Lim, Y.; Kim, K.A.; Seo, M.S.; Kim, J.D.; Lee, K.H.; Park, C.Y. 2000: Activation of telomerase by silica in rat lung. Toxicology Letters 111(3): 263-270
Haruta, Y.; Hiyama, K.; Ishioka, S.; Hozawa, S.; Maeda, H.; Yamakido, M. 1999: Activation of telomerase is induced by a natural antigen in allergen-specific memory T lymphocytes in bronchial asthma. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 259(3): 617-623
Lee, S.C.; Bottaro, A.; Insel, R.A. 2003: Activation of terminal B cell differentiation by inhibition of histone deacetylation. Molecular Immunology 39(15): 923-932
Chen, Y.-C.; Wang, S.-Y. 2002: Activation of terminally differentiated human monocytes/macrophages by dengue virus: productive infection, hierarchical production of innate cytokines and chemokines, and the synergistic effect of lipopolysaccharide. Journal of Virology 76(19): 9877-9887
Kocsis, B.; Gyimesi-Pelczer, K. 2002: Activation of the 10-Hz sympathetic generator during the second phase of severe hypoxia-hypercapnia and Cushing reaction. Autonomic Neuroscience: Basic and Clinical 98(1-2): 41-44
Macinga, D., R.; Paradise, M., R.; Parojcic, M., M.; Rather, P., N. 1999: Activation of the 2'-N-acetyltransferase gene (aac(2')-Ia) in Providencia stuartii by an interaction of AarP with the promoter region. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy 43(7): 1769-1772
Li, Q.; Vaingankar, S.M.; Green, H.M.; Martins-Green, M. 1999: Activation of the 9E3/cCAF chemokine by phorbol esters occurs via multiple signal transduction pathways that converge to MEK1/ERK2 and activate the Elk1 transcription factor. Journal of Biological Chemistry 274(22): 15454-15465
Brambilla, R.; Cattabeni, F.; Ceruti, S.; Barbieri, D.; Franceschi, C.; Kim, Y.C.; Jacobson, K.A.; Klotz, K.N.; Lohse, M.J.; Abbracchio, M.P. 2000: Activation of the A3 adenosine receptor affects cell cycle progression and cell growth. Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology 361(3): 225-234
Kyriakis, J.M. 1999: Activation of the AP-1 transcription factor by inflammatory cytokines of the TNF family. Gene Expression 7(4-6): 217-231
Zhang, M.; Zhao, X.; Chen, H.C.; Catt, K.J.; Hunyady, L. 2000: Activation of the AT1 angiotensin receptor is dependent on adjacent apolar residues in the carboxyl terminus of the third cytoplasmic loop. Journal of Biological Chemistry 275(21): 15782-15788
Côté, F.; Do, T.H.; Laflamme, L.; Gallo, J.M.; Gallo-Payet, N. 1999: Activation of the AT(2) receptor of angiotensin Ii induces neurite outgrowth and cell migration in microexplant cultures of the cerebellum. Journal of Biological Chemistry 274(44): 31686-31692
Shuda, M.; Kondoh, N.; Imazeki, N.; Tanaka, K.; Okada, T.; Mori, K.; Hada, A.; Arai, M.; Wakatsuki, T.; Matsubara, O.; Yamamoto, N.; Yamamoto, M. 2003: Activation of the ATF6, XBP1 and grp78 genes in human hepatocellular carcinoma: A possible involvement of the ER stress pathway in hepatocarcinogenesis. Journal of Hepatology 38(5): 605-614
Panaretou, B.; Siligardi, G.; Meyer, P.; Maloney, A.; Sullivan, J.K.; Singh, S.; Millson, S.H.; Clarke, P.A.; Naaby-Hansen, S.; Stein, R.; Cramer, R.; Mollapour, M.; Workman, P.; Piper, P.W.; Pearl, L.H.; Prodromou, C. 2002: Activation of the ATPase activity of Hsp90 by the stress-regulated cochaperone Aha1. Molecular Cell 10(6): 1307-1318
Roshal, M.; Kim, B.; Zhu, Y.; Nghiem, P.; Planelles, V. 2003: Activation of the ATR-mediated DNA damage response by the HIV-1 viral protein R. Journal of Biological Chemistry 278(28): 25879-25886
Smith, J.M.; Katz, S.; Mayer, B.J. 1999: Activation of the Abl tyrosine kinase in vivo by Src homology 3 domains from the Src homology 2/Src homology 3 adaptor Nck. Journal of Biological Chemistry 274(39): 27956-27962
Uddin, S.; Kottegoda, S.; Stigger, D.; Platanias, L.C.; Wickrema, A. 2000: Activation of the Akt/FKHRL1 pathway mediates the antiapoptotic effects of erythropoietin in primary human erythroid progenitors. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 275(1): 16-19
Frías, J.E.; Flores, E.; Herrero, A. 2000: Activation of the Anabaena nir operon promoter requires both NtcA (CAP family) and NtcB (LysR family) transcription factors. Molecular Microbiology 38(3): 613-625
Zalevsky, J.; Grigorova, I.; Mullins, R.D. 2001: Activation of the Arp2/3 complex by the Listeria acta protein. Acta binds two actin monomers and three subunits of the Arp2/3 complex. Journal of Biological Chemistry 276(5): 3468-3475
Díez, E.; Alvaro, Jé.; Espeso, E.A.; Rainbow, L.; Suárez, T.; Tilburn, J.; Arst, H.N.; Peñalva, M.A. 2002: Activation of the Aspergillus PacC zinc finger transcription factor requires two proteolytic steps. EMBO Journal 21(6): 1350-1359
Chang, L.K.; Liu, S.T. 2000: Activation of the BRLF1 promoter and lytic cycle of Epstein-Barr virus by histone acetylation. Nucleic Acids Research 28(20): 3918-3925
Liu, Y.Z.; Boxer, L.M.; Latchman, D.S. 1999: Activation of the Bcl-2 promoter by nerve growth factor is mediated by the p42/p44 MAPK cascade. Nucleic Acids Research 27(10): 2086-2090
Yao, S.; Prelich, G. 2002: Activation of the Bur1-Bur2 cyclin-dependent kinase complex by Cak1. Molecular and Cellular Biology 22(19): 6750-6758
Abood, M.E.; Rizvi, G.; Sallapudi, N.; Mcallister, S.D. 2001: Activation of the CB1 cannabinoid receptor protects cultured mouse spinal neurons against excitotoxicity. Neuroscience Letters 309(3): 197-201
Vang, T.; Torgersen, K.M.; Sundvold, V.; Saxena, M.; Levy, F.O.; Skålhegg, B.S.; Hansson, V.; Mustelin, T.; Taskén, K. 2001: Activation of the COOH-terminal Src kinase (Csk) by cAMP-dependent protein kinase inhibits signaling through the T cell receptor. Journal of Experimental Medicine 193(4): 497-507
Yang, W.; Lin, Q.; Guan, J.L.; Cerione, R.A. 1999: Activation of the Cdc42-associated tyrosine kinase-2 (ACK-2) by cell adhesion via integrin beta1. Journal of Biological Chemistry 274(13): 8524-8530
Mårtensson, S.; Nygren, J.; Osheroff, N.; Hammarsten, O. 2003: Activation of the DNA-dependent protein kinase by drug-induced and radiation-induced DNA strand breaks. Radiation Research 160(3): 291-301
Ishimaru, S.; Williams, R.; Clark, E.; Hanafusa, H.; Gaul, U. 1999: Activation of the Drosophila C3G leads to cell fate changes and overproliferation during development, mediated by the RAS-MAPK pathway and RAP1. EMBO Journal 18(1): 145-155
Sathyanarayana, P.; Barthwal, M.K.; Kundu, C.N.; Lane, M.Ellen.; Bergmann, A.; Tzivion, G.; Rana, A. 2002: Activation of the Drosophila MLK by ceramide reveals TNF-alpha and ceramide as agonists of mammalian MLK3. Molecular Cell 10(6): 1527-1533
Mallery, D.L.; Vandenberg, C.J.; Hiom, K. 2002: Activation of the E3 ligase function of the BRCA1/BARD1 complex by polyubiquitin chains. EMBO Journal 21(24): 6755-6762
Wu, W.; Graves, L.M.; Jaspers, I.; Devlin, R.B.; Reed, W.; Samet, J.M. 1999: Activation of the EGF receptor signaling pathway in human airway epithelial cells exposed to metals. American Journal of Physiology 277(5): L924-L931
Kins, S.; Kurosinski, P.; Nitsch, R.M.; Götz, Jürgen. 2003: Activation of the ERK and JNK signaling pathways caused by neuron-specific inhibition of PP2A in transgenic mice. American journal of pathology 163(3): 833-843
Chen, H.C.; Bandyopadhyay, G.; Sajan, M.P.; Kanoh, Y.; Standaert, M.; Farese, R.V.; Farese, R.V. 2002: Activation of the ERK pathway and atypical protein kinase C isoforms in exercise- and aminoimidazole-4-carboxamide-1-beta-D-riboside (AICAR)-stimulated glucose transport. Journal of Biological Chemistry 277(26): 23554-23562
Masaki, T.; Foti, R.; Hill, P.A.; Ikezumi, Y.; Atkins, R.C.; Nikolic-Paterson, D.J. 2003: Activation of the ERK pathway precedes tubular proliferation in the obstructed rat kidney. Kidney International 63(4): 1256-1264
Ley, R.; Balmanno, K.; Hadfield, K.; Weston, C.; Cook, S.J. 2003: Activation of the ERK1/2 signaling pathway promotes phosphorylation and proteasome-dependent degradation of the BH3-only protein, Bim. Journal of Biological Chemistry 278(21): 18811-18816
Kim, J.; Adam, R.M.; Freeman, M.R. 2002: Activation of the Erk mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway stimulates neuroendocrine differentiation in LNCaP cells independently of cell cycle withdrawal and STAT3 phosphorylation. Cancer Research 62(5): 1549-1554
Vasil'eva, S.V.; Stupakova, M.V.; Lobysheva, I.I.; Mikoyan, V.D.; Vanin, A.F. 2001: Activation of the Escherichia coli SoxRS-regulon by nitric oxide and its physiological donors. Biochemistry. Biokhimiia 66(9): 984-988
Barbosa, T.M.; Levy, S.B. 2002: Activation of the Escherichia coli nfnB gene by MarA through a highly divergent marbox in a class II promoter. Molecular Microbiology 45(1): 191-202
Lehmann, A.; Antonsson, M.; Bremner-Danielsen, M.; Flärdh, M.; Hansson-Brändén, L.; Kärrberg, L. 1999: Activation of the GABA(B) receptor inhibits transient lower esophageal sphincter relaxations in dogs. Gastroenterology 117(5): 1147-1154
Nakamura, T.; Kambayashi, J.; Okuma, M.; Tandon, N.N. 1999: Activation of the GP IIb-IIIa complex induced by platelet adhesion to collagen is mediated by both alpha2beta1 integrin and GP VI. Journal of Biological Chemistry 274(17): 11897-11903
Williams, J.M.; Ben-Smith, A.; Hewins, P.; Dove, S.K.; Hughes, P.; McEwan, R.; Wakelam, M.J.O.; Savage, C.O.S. 2003: Activation of the G(i) heterotrimeric G protein by ANCA IgG F(ab')2 fragments is necessary but not sufficient to stimulate the recruitment of those downstream mediators used by intact ANCA IgG. Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: Jasn 14(3): 661-669
Fernandes, A.R.; Peixoto, F.P.; Sá-Correia, I. 1998: Activation of the H+-ATPase in the plasma membrane of cells of Saccharomyces cerevisiae grown under mild copper stress. Archives of Microbiology 171(1): 6-12
Kang-Park, S.; Lee, J.H.; Shin, J.H.; Lee, Y.I. 2001: Activation of the IGF-Ii gene by HBV-X protein requires PKC and p44/p42 map kinase signalings. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 283(2): 303-307
Gollnick, S.O.; Lee, B.Y.; Vaughan, L.; Owczarczak, B.; Henderson, B.W. 2001: Activation of the IL-10 gene promoter following photodynamic therapy of murine keratinocytes. Photochemistry and Photobiology 73(2): 170-177
Deng, L.; Wang, C.; Spencer, E.; Yang, L.; Braun, A.; You, J.; Slaughter, C.; Pickart, C.; Chen, Z.J. 2000: Activation of the IkappaB kinase complex by TRAF6 requires a dimeric ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme complex and a unique polyubiquitin chain. Cell 103(2): 351-361
Ishii, T.; Kwon, H.; Hiscott, J.; Mosialos, G.; Koromilas, A., E. 2001: Activation of the Ikappa Balpha kinase (IKK) complex by double-stranded RNA-binding defective and catalytic inactive mutants of the interferon-inducible protein kinase PKR. Oncogene 20(15): 1900-1912
Mazière, C.; Conte, M.A.; Mazière, J.C. 2001: Activation of the JAK/STAT pathway by ceramide in cultured human fibroblasts. FEBS Letters 507(2): 163-168
Papachristou, D.J.; Batistatou, A.; Sykiotis, G.P.; Varakis, I.; Papavassiliou, A.G. 2003: Activation of the JNK-AP-1 signal transduction pathway is associated with pathogenesis and progression of human osteosarcomas. Bone 32(4): 364-371
Grumbach, I.M.; Fish, E.N.; Uddin, S.; Majchrzak, B.; Colamonici, O.R.; Figulla, H.R.; Heim, A.; Platanias, L.C. 1999: Activation of the Jak-Stat pathway in cells that exhibit selective sensitivity to the antiviral effects of IFN-beta compared with IFN-alpha. Journal of Interferon and Cytokine Research: the Official Journal of the International Society for Interferon and Cytokine Research 19(7): 797-801
Halfter, H.; Postert, C.; Friedrich, M.; Ringelstein, E.B.; Stögbauer, F. 2000: Activation of the Jak-Stat- and MAPK-pathways by oncostatin M is not sufficient to cause growth inhibition of human glioma cells. Brain Research. Molecular Brain Research 80(2): 198-206
Gerland, K.; Bataillé-Simoneau, N.; Baslé, M.; Fourcin, M.; Gascan, H.; Mercier, L. 2000: Activation of the Jak/Stat signal transduction pathway in GH-treated rat osteoblast-like cells in culture. Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology 168(1-2): 1-9
Rane, S.G.; Mangan, J.K.; Amanullah, A.; Wong, B.C.; Vora, R.K.; Liebermann, D.A.; Hoffman, B.; Graña, X.; Reddy, E.P. 2002: Activation of the Jak3 pathway is associated with granulocytic differentiation of myeloid precursor cells. Blood 100(8): 2753-2762
Morillon, A.; Springer, M.; Lesage, P. 2000: Activation of the Kss1 invasive-filamentous growth pathway induces Ty1 transcription and retrotransposition in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Molecular and Cellular Biology 20(15): 5766-5776
Ekinci, F.J.; Malik, K.U.; Shea, T.B. 1999: Activation of the L voltage-sensitive calcium channel by mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase following exposure of neuronal cells to beta-amyloid. MAP kinase mediates beta-amyloid-induced neurodegeneration. Journal of Biological Chemistry 274(42): 30322-30327
Sterpetti, P.; Hack, A.A.; Bashar, M.P.; Park, B.; Cheng, S.D.; Knoll, J.H.; Urano, T.; Feig, L.A.; Toksoz, D. 1999: Activation of the Lbc Rho exchange factor proto-oncogene by truncation of an extended C terminus that regulates transformation and targeting. Molecular and Cellular Biology 19(2): 1334-1345
Hartley, D.A.; Hurley, T.R.; Hardwick, J.S.; Lund, T.C.; Medveczky, P.G.; Sefton, B.M. 1999: Activation of the lck tyrosine-protein kinase by the binding of the tip protein of herpesvirus saimiri in the absence of regulatory tyrosine phosphorylation. Journal of Biological Chemistry 274(29): 20056-20059
Hobson, S.A.; Wright, J.; Lee, F.; Mcneil, S.E.; Bilderback, T.; Rodland, K.D. 2003: Activation of the MAP kinase cascade by exogenous calcium-sensing receptor. Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology 200(1-2): 189-198
Moré, E.; Fellner, T.; Doppelmayr, H.; Hauser-Kronberger, C.; Dandachi, N.; Obrist, P.; Sandhofer, F.; Paulweber, B. 2003: Activation of the MAP kinase pathway induces chicken ovalbumin upstream promoter-transcription factor II (COUP-TFII) expression in human breast cancer cell lines. Journal of Endocrinology 176(1): 83-94
Yue, W.; Wang, J.-P.; Conaway, M.; Masamura, S.; Li, Y.; Santen, R.J. 2002: Activation of the MAPK pathway enhances sensitivity of MCF-7 breast cancer cells to the mitogenic effect of estradiol. Endocrinology 143(9): 3221-3229
Wu, H.; Olson, E.N. 2002: Activation of the MEF2 transcription factor in skeletal muscles from myotonic mice. Journal of Clinical Investigation 109(10): 1327-1333
Hietakangas, V.; Elo, I.; Rosenström, H.; Coffey, E.T.; Kyriakis, J.M.; Eriksson, J.E.; Sistonen, L. 2001: Activation of the MKK4-JNK pathway during erythroid differentiation of K562 cells is inhibited by the heat shock factor 2-beta isoform. Febs Letters 505(1): 168-172
Cho, M.; Grabmaier, K.; Kitahori, Y.; Hiasa, Y.; Nakagawa, Y.; Uemura, H.; Hirao, Y.; Ohnishi, T.; Yoshikawa, K.; Ooesterwijk, E. 2000: Activation of the MN/CA9 gene is associated with hypomethylation in human renal cell carcinoma cell lines. Molecular Carcinogenesis 27(3): 184-189
Wang, R.; Ferrell, L.D.; Faouzi, S.; Maher, J.J.; Bishop, J.M. 2001: Activation of the Met receptor by cell attachment induces and sustains hepatocellular carcinomas in transgenic mice. Journal of Cell Biology 153(5): 1023-1034
Janz, A.; Sevignani, C.; Kenyon, K.; Ngo, C.V.; Thomas-Tikhonenko, A. 2000: Activation of the myc oncoprotein leads to increased turnover of thrombospondin-1 mRNA. Nucleic Acids Research 28(11): 2268-2275
Bruni, R.; D'Ugo, E.; Giuseppetti, R.; Argentini, C.; Rapicetta, M. 1999: Activation of the N-myc2 oncogene by woodchuck hepatitis virus integration in the linked downstream b3n locus in woodchuck hepatocellular carcinoma. Virology 257(2): 483-490
Xie, Y.; Madelian, V.; Zhang, J.; Ling, G.; Ding, X. 2001: Activation of the NPTA element of the CYP2A3 gene by NFI-A2, a nasal mucosa-selective nuclear factor 1 isoform. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 289(5): 1225-1228
Touyz, R.M.; Schiffrin, E.L. 1999: Activation of the Na(+)-H+ exchanger modulates angiotensin II-stimulated Na(+)-dependent Mg2+ transport in vascular smooth muscle cells in genetic hypertension. Hypertension 34(3): 442-449
Niisato, N.; Marunaka, Y. 1999: Activation of the Na+-K+ pump by hyposmolality through tyrosine kinase-dependent Cl- conductance in Xenopus renal epithelial A6 cells. Journal of Physiology 518: 417-432
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Harrison, S.N.; Du, X.J.; Arthur, J.F.; Woodcock, E.A. 2000: Activation of the Na(+)/H(+) exchanger is required for reperfusion-induced Ins(1,4,5)P(3) generation. Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology 32(10): 1851-1858
Flemmer, A.W.; Gimenez, I.; Dowd, B.F.X.; Darman, R.B.; Forbush, B. 2002: Activation of the Na-K-Cl cotransporter NKCC1 detected with a phospho-specific antibody. Journal of Biological Chemistry 277(40): 37551-37558
Lin, M.H.; Leimeister, C.; Gessler, M.; Kopan, R. 2000: Activation of the Notch pathway in the hair cortex leads to aberrant differentiation of the adjacent hair-shaft layers. Development 127(11): 2421-2432
Ansieau, S.; Strobl, L.J.; Leutz, A. 2001: Activation of the Notch-regulated transcription factor CBF1/RBP-Jkappa through the 13SE1A oncoprotein. Genes and Development 15(4): 380-385
Fernando, K.C.; Gargett, C.E.; Wiley, J.S. 1999: Activation of the P2Z/P2X7 receptor in human lymphocytes produces a delayed permeability lesion: involvement of phospholipase D. Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics 362(2): 197-202
Brown, A.; Wang, X.; Sawai, E.; Cheng-Mayer, C. 1999: Activation of the PAK-related kinase by human immunodeficiency virus type 1 Nef in primary human peripheral blood lymphocytes and macrophages leads to phosphorylation of a PIX-p95 complex. Journal of Virology 73(12): 9899-9907
Du, W.; Liu, A.; Prendergast, G.C. 1999: Activation of the PI3'K-AKT pathway masks the proapoptotic effects of farnesyltransferase inhibitors. Cancer Research 59(17): 4208-4212
Perez, O.D.; Kinoshita, S.; Hitoshi, Y.; Payan, D.G.; Kitamura, T.; Nolan, G.P.; Lorens, J.B. 2002: Activation of the PKB/AKT pathway by ICAM-2. Immunity 16(1): 51-65
Yang, W.L.; Frucht, H. 2001: Activation of the PPAR pathway induces apoptosis and COX-2 inhibition in HT-29 human colon cancer cells. Carcinogenesis 22(9): 1379-1383
Dacheux, D.; Epaulard, O.; de Groot, A.; Guery, B.; Leberre, R.; Attree, I.; Polack, B.; Toussaint, B. 2002: Activation of the Pseudomonas aeruginosa type III secretion system requires an intact pyruvate dehydrogenase aceAB operon. Infection and Immunity 70(7): 3973-3977
Zhou, Y.-Q.; Chen, Y.-Q.; Fisher, J.H.; Wang, M.-H. 2002: Activation of the RON receptor tyrosine kinase by macrophage-stimulating protein inhibits inducible cyclooxygenase-2 expression in murine macrophages. Journal of Biological Chemistry 277(41): 38104-38110
Chen, Y-Qing.; Zhou, Y-Qing.; Wang, M-Hai. 2002: Activation of the RON receptor tyrosine kinase protects murine macrophages from apoptotic death induced by bacterial lipopolysaccharide. Journal of Leukocyte Biology 71(2): 359-366
Gasteier, J.E.; Madrid, R.; Krautkrämer, E.; Schröder, S.; Muranyi, W.; Benichou, S.; Fackler, O.T. 2003: Activation of the Rac-binding partner FHOD1 induces actin stress fibers via a ROCK-dependent mechanism. Journal of Biological Chemistry 278(40): 38902-38912
Rao, Y.-P.; Studer, E.J.; Stravitz, R.T.; Gupta, S.; Qiao, L.; Dent, P.; Hylemon, P.B. 2002: Activation of the Raf-1/MEK/ERK cascade by bile acids occurs via the epidermal growth factor receptor in primary rat hepatocytes. Hepatology 35(2): 307-314
Rosário, M.; Paterson, H.F.; Marshall, C.J. 1999: Activation of the Raf/MAP kinase cascade by the Ras-related protein TC21 is required for the TC21-mediated transformation of NIH 3T3 cells. EMBO Journal 18(5): 1270-1279
Rosário, M.; Paterson, H.F.; Marshall, C.J. 2001: Activation of the Ral and phosphatidylinositol 3' kinase signaling pathways by the ras-related protein TC21. Molecular and Cellular Biology 21(11): 3750-3762
McLeod, S.J.; Ingham, R.J.; Bos, J.L.; Kurosaki, T.; Gold, M.R. 1998: Activation of the Rap1 GTPase by the B cell antigen receptor. Journal of Biological Chemistry 273(44): 29218-29223
Dupuy, A.J.; Morgan, K.; von Lintig, F.C.; Shen, H.; Acar, H.; Hasz, D.E.; Jenkins, N.A.; Copeland, N.G.; Boss, G.R.; Largaespada, D.A. 2001: Activation of the Rap1 guanine nucleotide exchange gene, CalDAG-GEF I, in BXH-2 murine myeloid leukemia. Journal of Biological Chemistry 276(15): 11804-11811
Antonyak, M.A.; McNeill, C.J.; Wakshlag, J.J.; Boehm, J.E.; Cerione, R.A. 2003: Activation of the Ras-ERK pathway inhibits retinoic acid-induced stimulation of tissue transglutaminase expression in NIH3T3 cells. Journal of Biological Chemistry 278(18): 15859-15866
Mattingly, R.R.; Saini, V.; Macara, I.G. 1999: Activation of the Ras-GRF/CDC25Mm exchange factor by lysophosphatidic acid. Cellular Signalling 11(8): 603-610
Umebayashi, K.; Fukuda, R.; Hirata, A.; Horiuchi, H.; Nakano, A.; Ohta, A.; Takagi, M. 2001: Activation of the Ras-cAMP signal transduction pathway inhibits the proteasome-independent degradation of misfolded protein aggregates in the endoplasmic reticulum lumen. Journal of Biological Chemistry 276(44): 41444-41454
Amsen, D.; Kruisbeek, A.; Bos, J.L.; Reedquist, K. 2000: Activation of the Ras-related GTPase Rap1 by thymocyte TCR engagement and during selection. European Journal of Immunology 30(10): 2832-2841
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Hou, S.T.; Xie, X.; Baggley, A.; Park, D.S.; Chen, G.; Walker, T. 2002: Activation of the Rb/E2F1 pathway by the nonproliferative p38 MAPK during Fas (APO1/CD95)-mediated neuronal apoptosis. Journal of Biological Chemistry 277(50): 48764-48770
Bisaglia, M.; Laalami, S.; Uzan, M.; Bontems, F. 2003: Activation of the RegB endoribonuclease by the S1 ribosomal protein is due to cooperation between the S1 four C-terminal modules in a substrate-dependant manner. Journal of Biological Chemistry 278(17): 15261-15271
Wu, Y.Y.; Bradshaw, R.A. 2000: Activation of the Stat3 signaling pathway is required for differentiation by interleukin-6 in PC12-E2 cells. Journal of Biological Chemistry 275(3): 2147-2156
Hsueh, R.C.; Hammill, A.M.; Lee, J.A.; Uhr, J.W.; Scheuermann, R.H. 2002: Activation of the Syk tyrosine kinase is insufficient for downstream signal transduction in B lymphocytes. Bmc Immunology 3: 16
Nakayama, I.; Murao, S.; Kitazawa, S.; Azumi, A.; Yamamoto, M.; Maeda, S. 2000: Activation of the TCL1 protein in B cell lymphomas. Pathology International 50(3): 191-199
Hawighorst, T.; Skobe, M.; Streit, M.; Hong, Y.-K.; Velasco, P.; Brown, L.F.; Riccardi, L.; Lange-Asschenfeldt, B.; Detmar, M. 2002: Activation of the tie2 receptor by angiopoietin-1 enhances tumor vessel maturation and impairs squamous cell carcinoma growth. American Journal of Pathology 160(4): 1381-1392
Tice, D.A.; Soloviev, I.; Polakis, P. 2002: Activation of the Wnt pathway interferes with serum response element-driven transcription of immediate early genes. Journal of Biological Chemistry 277(8): 6118-6123
Ahmed, T.; Kelly, S.M.; Price, N.C.; Lawrence, A.J. 1999: Activation of the acidic isoform of phospholipase A2 from Naja mossambica mossambica venom by oleoyl imidazolide requires the cooperative action of two ionizing groups. Iubmb Life 48(3): 287-291
Bécuwe, P.; Bianchi, A.; Dauça, M. 2001: Activation of the activator protein-1 by the peroxisome proliferator clofibric acid in rat H4IIEC3 hepatoma cells. Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology 174(3): 294-301
Shimizu, J.; Sakamoto, A.; Ogawa, R. 2001: Activation of the adenosine triphosphate sensitive mitochondrial potassium channel is involved in the cardioprotective effect of isoflurane. Journal of Nippon Medical School 68(3): 238-245
DeKeyser, F.G.; Leker, R.R.; Weidenfeld, J. 2000: Activation of the adrenocortical axis by surgical stress: involvement of central norepinephrine and interleukin-1. Neuroimmunomodulation 7(4): 182-188
Li, J.; Gilmour, R.S.; Saunders, J.C.; Dauncey, M.J.; Fowden, A.L. 1999: Activation of the adult mode of ovine growth hormone receptor gene expression by cortisol during late fetal development. FASEB Journal 13(3): 545-552
Maayani, S.; Schwarz, T.; Craddock-Royal, B.; Tagliente, T.M. 2001: Activation of the alpha(2A)-adrenoceptor mediates deceleration of the deaggregation component of the response to ADP or 5-HT in human platelets in vitro. Platelets 12(6): 359-375
Vuagnat, B.B.; Mach, J.; Le Doussal, J.M. 2000: Activation of the alternative pathway of human complement by autologous cells expressing transmembrane recombinant properdin. Molecular Immunology 37(8): 467-478
Vuagniaux, G.ég.; Vallet, V.ér.; Jaeger, N.F.; Pfister, C.; Bens, M.; Farman, N.; Courtois-Coutry, N.; Vandewalle, A.; Rossier, B.C.; Hummler, E. 2000: Activation of the amiloride-sensitive epithelial sodium channel by the serine protease mCAP1 expressed in a mouse cortical collecting duct cell line. Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: Jasn 11(5): 828-834
Majak, K.; Pitkänen, A. 2003: Activation of the amygdalo-entorhinal pathway in fear-conditioning in rat. European Journal of Neuroscience 18(6): 1652-1659
Taieb, F.E.; Gross, S.D.; Lewellyn, A.L.; Maller, J.L. 2001: Activation of the anaphase-promoting complex and degradation of cyclin B is not required for progression from Meiosis I to II in Xenopus oocytes. Current Biology: Cb 11(7): 508-513
Ueda, T.; Bruchovsky, N.; Sadar, M.D. 2002: Activation of the androgen receptor N-terminal domain by interleukin-6 via MAPK and STAT3 signal transduction pathways. Journal of Biological Chemistry 277(9): 7076-7085
Davis, K.D.; Taub, E.; Duffner, F.; Lozano, A.M.; Tasker, R.R.; Houle, S.; Dostrovsky, J.O. 2000: Activation of the anterior cingulate cortex by thalamic stimulation in patients with chronic pain: a positron emission tomography study. Journal of Neurosurgery 92(1): 64-69
Johnson, D.A.; Andrews, G.K.; Xu, W.; Johnson, J.A. 2002: Activation of the antioxidant response element in primary cortical neuronal cultures derived from transgenic reporter mice. Journal of Neurochemistry 81(6): 1233-1241
Kuffel, M.J.; Schroeder, J.C.; Pobst, L.J.; Naylor, S.; Reid, J.M.; Kaufmann, S.H.; Ames, M.M. 2002: Activation of the antitumor agent aminoflavone (NSC 686288) is mediated by induction of tumor cell cytochrome P450 1A1/1A2. Molecular Pharmacology 62(1): 143-153
Liu, X.; Zou, H.; Widlak, P.; Garrard, W.; Wang, X. 1999: Activation of the apoptotic endonuclease DFF40 (caspase-activated DNase or nuclease). Oligomerization and direct interaction with histone H1. Journal of Biological Chemistry 274(20): 13836-13840
Kato, T.-a.; Matsuda, T.; Matsui, S.; Mizutani, T.; Saeki, K.-i. 2002: Activation of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor by methyl yellow and related congeners: structure-activity relationships in halogenated derivatives. Biological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin 25(4): 466-471
Calle, E.; Berciano, M.T.; Fernández, R.; Lafarga, M. 1999: Activation of the autophagy, c-FOS and ubiquitin expression, and nucleolar alterations in Schwann cells precede demyelination in tellurium-induced neuropathy. Acta Neuropathologica 97(2): 143-155
Stecka, K.; Komorowska, A.; Mrowka, E.; Grzybowski, R. 1999: Activation of the baker's yeast autolysis. Polish Journal of Food and Nutrition Sciences 8(2): 227-234
McMorrow, T.; van den Wijngaard, A.; Wollenschlaeger, A.; van de Corput, M.; Monkhorst, K.; Trimborn, T.; Fraser, P.; van Lohuizen, M.; Jenuwein, T.; Djabali, M.; Philipsen, S.; Grosveld, F.; Milot, E. 2000: Activation of the beta globin locus by transcription factors and chromatin modifiers. EMBO Journal 19(18): 4986-4996
Murata, M.; Iwao, K.; Miyoshi, Y.; Nagasawa, Y.; Yabu, M.; Himeno, S.; Imanishi, K.; Ohsawa, M.; Wada, H.; Tominaga, S.; Shimano, T.; Kobayashi, T.; Nakamura, Y. 2000: Activation of the beta-catenin gene by interstitial deletions involving exon 3 as an early event in colorectal tumorigenesis. Cancer Letters 159(1): 73-78
Liu, T.; Lee, Y-Nan.; Malbon, C.C.; Wang, H-yu. 2002: Activation of the beta-catenin/Lef-Tcf pathway is obligate for formation of primitive endoderm by mouse F9 totipotent teratocarcinoma cells in response to retinoic acid. Journal of Biological Chemistry 277(34): 30887-30891
Navas, P.A.; Li, Q.; Peterson, K.R.; Swank, R.A.; Rohde, A.; Roy, J.; Stamatoyannopoulos, G. 2002: Activation of the beta-like globin genes in transgenic mice is dependent on the presence of the beta-locus control region. Human Molecular Genetics 11(8): 893-903
Loisel, T.P.; Ansanay, H.; Adam, L.; Marullo, S.; Seifert, R.; Lagacé, M.; Bouvier, M. 1999: Activation of the beta(2)-adrenergic receptor-Galpha(s) complex leads to rapid depalmitoylation and inhibition of repalmitoylation of both the receptor and Galpha(s). Journal of Biological Chemistry 274(43): 31014-31019
Jaatinen, R.; Bondestam, J.; Raivio, T.; Hildén, K.; Dunkel, L.; Groome, N.; Ritvos, O. 2002: Activation of the bone morphogenetic protein signaling pathway induces inhibin beta(B)-subunit mRNA and secreted inhibin B levels in cultured human granulosa-luteal cells. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism 87(3): 1254-1261
Lengner, C.J.; Drissi, H.; Choi, J-Yong.; van Wijnen, A.J.; Stein, J.L.; Stein, G.S.; Lian, J.B. 2002: Activation of the bone-related Runx2/Cbfa1 promoter in mesenchymal condensations and developing chondrocytes of the axial skeleton. Mechanisms of Development 114(1-2): 167-170
Joseph, K.; Tholanikunnel, B.G.; Kaplan, A.P. 2002: Activation of the bradykinin-forming cascade on endothelial cells: A role for heat shock protein 90. International Immunopharmacology 2(13-14): 1851-1859
Nakamura, S.; Moriguchi, A.; Morishita, R.; Yamada, K.; Nishii, T.; Tomita, N.; Ohishi, M.; Kaneda, Y.; Higaki, J.; Ogihara, T. 1999: Activation of the brain angiotensin system by in vivo human angiotensin-converting enzyme gene transfer in rats. Hypertension 34(2): 302-308
Mc Gee, M.M.; Campiani, G.; Ramunno, A.; Nacci, V.; Lawler, M.; Williams, D.C.; Zisterer, D.M. 2002: Activation of the c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) signaling pathway is essential during PBOX-6-induced apoptosis in chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) cells. Journal of Biological Chemistry 277(21): 18383-18389
Minogue, A.M.; Schmid, A.W.; Fogarty, M.P.; Moore, A.C.; Campbell, V.A.; Herron, C.E.; Lynch, M.A. 2003: Activation of the c-Jun N-terminal kinase signaling cascade mediates the effect of amyloid-beta on long term potentiation and cell death in hippocampus: a role for interleukin-1beta?. Journal of Biological Chemistry 278(30): 27971-27980
Chaudhary, P.M.; Eby, M.T.; Jasmin, A.; Hood, L. 1999: Activation of the c-Jun N-terminal kinase/stress-activated protein kinase pathway by overexpression of caspase-8 and its homologs. Journal of Biological Chemistry 274(27): 19211-19219
Vlaeminck-Guillem, V.; Ho, S.-C.; Rodien, P.; Vassart, G.; Costagliola, S. 2002: Activation of the cAMP pathway by the TSH receptor involves switching of the ectodomain from a tethered inverse agonist to an agonist. Molecular Endocrinology 16(4): 736-746
Myklebust, J.H.; Josefsen, D.; Blomhoff, H.K.; Levy, F.O.; Naderi, S.; Reed, J.C.; Smeland, E.B. 1999: Activation of the cAMP signaling pathway increases apoptosis in human B-precursor cells and is associated with downregulation of Mcl-1 expression. Journal of Cellular Physiology 180(1): 71-80
Kockskamper, J.; Erlenkamp, S.; Glitsch, H.G. 2000: Activation of the cAMP-protein kinase A pathway facilitates Na+ translocation by the Na+-K+ pump in guinea-pig ventricular myocytes. Journal of Physiology 523 Pt 3: 561-574
Blute, T.A.; Strang, C.; Keyser, K.T.; Eldred, W.D. 2003: Activation of the cGMP/nitric oxide signal transduction system by nicotine in the retina. Visual Neuroscience 20(2): 165-176
Chin, J.I.; Miller, S.C.; Wada, M.; Nagano, N.; Nemeth, E.F.; Fox, J. 2000: Activation of the calcium receptor by a calcimimetic compound halts the progression of secondary hyperparathyroidism in uremic rats. Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: Jasn 11(5): 903-911
Gorga, J.A.; Fishbaugher, D.E.; VanBuren, P. 2003: Activation of the calcium-regulated thin filament by myosin strong binding. Biophysical Journal 85(4): 2484-2491
Singh, R.; Hurst, D.P.; Barnett-Norris, J.; Lynch, D.L.; Reggio, P.H.; Guarnieri, F. 2002: Activation of the cannabinoid CB1 receptor may involve a W6 48/F3 36 rotamer toggle switch. Journal of Peptide Research: Official Journal of the American Peptide Society 60(6): 357-370
Azad, S.C.; Eder, M.; Marsicano, G.; Lutz, B.; Zieglgänsberger, W.; Rammes, G. 2003: Activation of the cannabinoid receptor type 1 decreases glutamatergic and GABAergic synaptic transmission in the lateral amygdala of the mouse. Learning and Memory 10(2): 116-128
Zolk, O.; Quattek, J.; Seeland, U.; El-Armouche, A.; Eschenhagen, T.; Böhm, M. 2002: Activation of the cardiac endothelin system in left ventricular hypertrophy before onset of heart failure in TG(mREN2)27 rats. Cardiovascular Research 53(2): 363-371
Fielitz, J.; Hein, S.; Mitrovic, V.; Pregla, R.; Zurbrügg, H.R.; Warnecke, C.; Schaper, J.; Fleck, E.; Regitz-Zagrosek, V. 2001: Activation of the cardiac renin-angiotensin system and increased myocardial collagen expression in human aortic valve disease. Journal of the American College of Cardiology 37(5): 1443-1449
Kiyokawa, N.; Mori, T.; Taguchi, T.; Saito, M.; Mimori, K.; Suzuki, T.; Sekino, T.; Sato, N.; Nakajima, H.; Katagiri, Y.U.; Takeda, T.; Fujimoto, J. 2001: Activation of the caspase cascade during Stx1-induced apoptosis in Burkitt's lymphoma cells. Journal of Cellular Biochemistry 81(1): 128-142
Wehage, E.; Eisfeld, Jörg.; Heiner, I.; Jüngling, E.; Zitt, C.; Lückhoff, A. 2002: Activation of the cation channel long transient receptor potential channel 2 (LTRPC2) by hydrogen peroxide. A splice variant reveals a mode of activation independent of ADP-ribose. Journal of Biological Chemistry 277(26): 23150-23156
Glockzin, S.; von Knethen, A.; Scheffner, M.; Brüne, B. 1999: Activation of the cell death program by nitric oxide involves inhibition of the proteasome. Journal of Biological Chemistry 274(28): 19581-19586
Timofeeva, E.; Richard, D. 2001: Activation of the central nervous system in obese Zucker rats during food deprivation. Journal of Comparative Neurology 441(1): 71-89
Miall, R.C.; Imamizu, H.; Miyauchi, S. 2000: Activation of the cerebellum in co-ordinated eye and hand tracking movements: an fMRI study. Experimental Brain Research 135(1): 22-33
Shen, W.; Proost, P.; Li, B.; Gong, W.; Le, Y.; Sargeant, R.; Murphy, P.M.; Van Damme, J.; Wang, J.M. 2000: Activation of the chemotactic peptide receptor FPRL1 in monocytes phosphorylates the chemokine receptor CCR5 and attenuates cell responses to selected chemokines. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 272(1): 276-283
Johannessen, M.; Olsen, P.Angell.; Johansen, B.; Seternes, O.Morten.; Moens, U. 2003: Activation of the coactivator four-and-a-half-LIM-only protein FHL2 and the c-fos promoter through inhibition of protein phosphatase 2A. Biochemical Pharmacology 65(8): 1317-1328
Hannan, K.L.; Berg, D.E.; Baumzweiger, W.; Harrison, H.H.; Berg, L.H.; Ramirez, R.; Nichols, D. 2000: Activation of the coagulation system in Gulf War Illness: a potential pathophysiologic link with chronic fatigue syndrome. A laboratory approach to diagnosis. Blood Coagulation and Fibrinolysis: An International Journal in Haemostasis and Thrombosis 11(7): 673-678
Antovic, J.; Bakic, M.; Milicevic, R.; Gojkovic, G.; Blombäck, M. 2001: Activation of the coagulation system occurs within rather than outside cutaneous haemangiomas. Acta Paediatrica 90(10): 1137-1140
Barnes, M.G.; Weiss, A.A. 2003: Activation of the complement cascade by Bordetella pertussis. FEMS Microbiology Letters 220(2): 271-275
Sladowski, D.; Kinsner, A.; Langezaal, I.; Kay, S.; Coecke, S. 2001: Activation of the complement system as an indicator of pyrogenic reaction to lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Toxicology in Vitro: An International Journal Published in Association with Bibra 15(4-5): 339-342
Tylman, M.; Bengtson, J.Peter.; Bengtsson, A. 2003: Activation of the complement system by different autologous transfusion devices: An in vitro study. Transfusion 43(3): 395-399
Minnema, M.C.; Wittekoek, M.E.; Schoonenboom, N.; Kastelein, J.J.; Hack, C.E.; ten Cate, H. 1999: Activation of the contact system of coagulation does not contribute to the hemostatic imbalance in hypertriglyceridemia. Arteriosclerosis Thrombosis and Vascular Biology 19(10): 2548-2553
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