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Adjustment factors for milk and fat yield in Holstein breed herds of Minas Gerais State



Adjustment factors for milk and fat yield in Holstein breed herds of Minas Gerais State



Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia 28(6): 1231-1238



The objective of this work was to calculate adjustment factors for milk and fat yield according to the cow age and calving season, for Holstein breeds herds from Minas Gerais State. The statistical analyses were made by means of mixed models, using Restricted Maximum Likelihood in an animal model. The fixed effects were herd-year, genetic composition and age classes-calving season, and as random effects of animal (cow, sire and dam) and error terms. Records used in the analysis were 49,666 lactations of 26,822 cows, being 17,354 from grades and 9,468 from purebred cows. Twenty-one age classes were made; with the small one constituted by cows that calving under 24 months and the large one by cow with more than 99 months of age, per six calving seasons. The adjustment factors attained for milk production, were which larger than for fat factors, tended to be smaller for purebred cows than the correspondent values estimated for grade cows. The average milk and fat production milk was higher for the productions beginning in the season corresponding to the dry season, mainly for cows with more than 30 months of age. The differences found among the estimated factors for the dry season in relation to the rainy season were minimal, not overpass 8%. The milk and fat productions were higher for younger cows.

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Accession: 010131842

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