Agonist activity of bimatoprost, travoprost, latanoprost, unoprostone isopropyl ester and other prostaglandin analogs at the cloned human ciliary body FP prostaglandin receptor
Sharif, N.A.; Kelly, C.R.; Crider, J.Y.
Journal of Ocular Pharmacology and Therapeutics the Official Journal of the Association for Ocular Pharmacology and Therapeutics 18(4): 313-324
ISSN/ISBN: 1080-7683 PMID: 12222762 DOI: 10.1089/10807680260218489
We have determined the agonist activity of a number of natural prostaglandins and prostaglandin analogs at the FP prostaglandin receptor cloned from a human ciliary body cDNA library using phosphoinositide (PI) turnover assays. Travoprost acid (EC50 = 3.2 +/- 0.6 nM) was the most potent agonist in these cells followed by bimatoprost free acid (17-phenyl-trinor PGF2alpha; EC50 = 5.8 +/- 2.6 nM), fluprostenol (EC50 = 6.1 +/- 1.5 nM), and latanoprost free acid (PHXA85; EC50 = 54.6 +/- 12.4 nM) which was 17-fold weaker (p < 0.001) than travoprost acid. Unoprostone and S-1033 were significantly (p < 0.001) weaker than travoprost acid. The amide prodrug, bimatoprost (EC50 = 694 +/- 293 nM), activated this FP receptor with an intermediate potency. The isopropyl ester prodrugs, travoprost (EC50 = 42.3 +/- 6.7 nM), latanoprost (EC50 = 126 +/- 347 nM) and unoprostone isopropyl ester (EC50 = 9,100 +/- 2,870 nM), also exhibited FP agonist activity. However, other compounds such as PGI2, bradykinin, histamine, and serotonin were inactive. The agonist activities of bimatoprost, unoprostone (UF-021), fluprostenol and acids of travoprost and latanoprost were antagonized by AL-8810 (11beta-fluoro- 15-epi-15-indanyl-PGF2alpha), an FP-receptor-selective antagonist (Ki = 1.0 - 2.1 microM; n = 3). These studies have demonstrated, for the first time, agonist activities of the currently known and marketed ocular hypotensive prostaglandin analogs at the cloned human ciliary body FP prostaglandin receptor.