Section 11
Chapter 10,141

Agonist-induced signaling, desensitization, and internalization of a phosphorylation-deficient AT1A angiotensin receptor

Olivares-Reyes, J.A.; Smith, R.D.; Hunyady, L.; Shah, B.H.; Catt, K.J.

Journal of Biological Chemistry 276(41): 37761-37768


ISSN/ISBN: 0021-9258
PMID: 11495923
DOI: 10.1074/jbc.m106368200
Accession: 010140045

An analysis of the functional role of a diacidic motif (Asp236-Asp237) in the third intracellular loop of the AT1A angiotensin II (Ang II) receptor (AT1-R) revealed that substitution of both amino acids with alanine (DD-AA) or asparagine (DD-NN) residues diminished Ang II-induced receptor phosphorylation in COS-7 cells. However, Ang II-stimulated inositol phosphate production, mitogen-activated protein kinase, and AT1 receptor desensitization and internalization were not significantly impaired. Overexpression of dominant negative G protein-coupled receptor kinase 2 (GRK2)K220M decreased agonist-induced receptor phosphorylation by approximately 40%, but did not further reduce the impaired phosphorylation of DD-AA and DD-NN receptors. Inhibition of protein kinase C by bisindolylmaleimide reduced the phosphorylation of both the wild-type and the DD mutant receptors by approximately 30%. The inhibitory effects of GRK2K220M expression and protein kinase C inhibition by bisindolylmaleimide on agonist-induced phosphorylation were additive for the wild-type AT1-R, but not for the DD mutant receptor. Agonist-induced internalization of the wild-type and DD mutant receptors was similar and was unaltered by coexpression of GRK2K220M. These findings demonstrate that an acidic motif at position 236/237 in the third intracellular loop of the AT1-R is required for optimal Ang II-induced phosphorylation of its carboxyl-terminal tail by GRKs. Furthermore, the properties of the DD mutant receptor suggest that not only Ang II-induced signaling, but also receptor desensitization and internalization, are independent of agonist-induced GRK-mediated phosphorylation of the AT1 receptor.

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