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Analysis of bacteriophage inactivation and its attenuation by adsorption onto colloidal particles by batch agitation techniques



Analysis of bacteriophage inactivation and its attenuation by adsorption onto colloidal particles by batch agitation techniques



Canadian Journal of Microbiology 45(1): 9-17



A batch agitation technique was designed to specify the different parameters that influence the inactivation and adsorption mechanisms of viruses in water. The advantage of this method over the classical procedures is that the kinetic reactions of the different subfractions of the virus population can be described simultaneously. A first set of experiments with phage T7 showed that this phage is rapidly inactivated in a constantly agitated liquid medium. This inactivation rate is highly influenced by temperature, but variation of the pH (from 5 to 9) and increase in salt concentration have no effect on it. The addition of colloidal clay particles (CCPs) of montmorillonite and attapulgite into the liquid medium considerably modifies this behavior, even at very low concentrations (0.025 mg/mL). The experiments show that the viruses react quickly with the particles and that bonding is not permanent. Viruses establish a dynamic equilibrium, which is strongly dependent on physicochemical parameters such as pH, ionic concentrations, and the presence of proteins or protein hydrolysates. A major environmental consequence is that the presence of CCPs seems to effectively protect the coliphage T7 from rapid inactivation.

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Accession: 010168109

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

DOI: 10.1139/w98-117



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