+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Ant-aphid mutualisms: The impact of honeydew production and honeydew sugar composition on ant preferences



Ant-aphid mutualisms: The impact of honeydew production and honeydew sugar composition on ant preferences



Oecologia (Berlin) 118(4): 483-491



The honeydew composition and production of four aphid species feeding on Tanacetum vulgare, and mutualistic relationships with the ant Lasius niger were studied. In honeydew of Metopeurum fuscoviride and Brachycaudus cardui, xylose, glucose, fructose, sucrose, maltose, melezitose, and raffinose were detected. The proportion of trisaccharides (melezitose, raffinose) ranged between 20% and 35%. No trisaccharides were found in honeydew of Aphis fabae, and honeydew of Macrosiphoniella tanacetaria consisted of only xylose, glucose and sucrose. M. fuscoviride produced by far the largest amounts of honeydew per time unit (880 mug/aphid per hour), followed by B. cardui (223 mug/aphid per hour), A. fabae (133 mug/aphid per hour) and M. tanacetaria (46 mug/aphid per hour). The qualitative and quantitative honeydew production of the aphid species corresponded well with the observed attendance by L. niger. L. niger workers preferred trisaccharides over disaccharides and monosaccharides when these sugars were offered in choice tests. The results are consistent with the ants' preference for M. fuscoviride, which produced the largest amount of honeydew including a considerable proportion of the trisaccharides melezitose and raffinose. The preference of L. niger for B. cardui over A. fabae, both producing similar amounts of honeydew, may be explained by the presence of trisaccharides and the higher total sugar concentration in B. cardui honeydew. M. tanacetaria, which produced only low quantities of honeydew with no trisaccharides was not attended at all by L. niger.

Please choose payment method:






(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 010179663

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

DOI: 10.1007/s004420050751


Related references

Ant-Aphid Mutualisms: The Impact of Honeydew Production and Honeydew Sugar Composition on Ant Preferences. Oecologia 118(4): 483-491, 1999

Ant-aphid mutualisms: the impact of honeydew production and honeydew sugar composition on ant preferences. Oecologia 118(4): 483-491, 1999

Honeydew production and honeydew sugar composition of polyphagous black bean aphid, Aphis fabae (Hemiptera: Aphididae) on various host plants and implications for ant-attendance. European Journal of Entomology 102(2): 155-160, 2005

Age-specific patterns in honeydew production and honeydew composition in the aphid Metopeurum fuscoviride: implications for ant-attendance. Journal of Insect Physiology 48(3): 319-326, 2002

A study of honeydew-producing insects and of the chemical composition of honeydew and honeydew honey. Rastenievudni Nauki 20(7): 133-144, 1983

Study of honeydew producers and of the chemical composition of honeydew and honeydew honey. Rastenievudni nauki = Plant science0(7): 133-144, 1983

Patterns of honeydew droplet production by nymphal stages of Bemisia argentifolii and relative composition of honeydew sugars. Journal of Entomological Science 34(3): 305-313, 1999

Ant attendance changes the sugar composition of the honeydew of the drepanosiphid aphid Tuberculatus quercicola. Oecologia 128(1): 36-43, 2001

A study of the free amino acids in the spotted alfalfa aphid and pea aphid and their honeydew in relation to the fecundity and honeydew excretion of aphids feeding on a range of resistant and suceptibie alfalfa selections. Diss Abstr: 4315-4316, 1965

Snowdrop lectin Galanthus nivalis agglutinin in aphid honeydew negatively affects survival of a honeydew- consuming parasitoid. Agricultural and Forest Entomology 11(2): 161-173, 2009

Free amino acids in lime honeydew honey, honeydew excreted by the aphid Eucallypterus tiliae, and the leaves of Tilia cordata. Bollettino dei Chimici dei Laboratori Provinciali 32(4): 161-166, 1981

Honeydew flows and honeydew honey in beekeeping: origin, extraction and characteristics of honeydew honeys. Waldtracht und Waldhonig in der Imkerei: Herkunft, Gewinnung und Eigenschaften des Waldhonigs (Ed.2): vii + 329, 1985

Bemisia argentifolii (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae) honeydew and honeydew sugar relationships to sticky cotton. Southwestern Entomologist 25(1): 1-14, 2000

Patterns in aphid honeydew production parallel diurnal shifts in phloem sap composition. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 142(2): 121-129, 2012

Factors affecting honeydew secretion and honeydew honey production in forest areas. Apicultura in Romania 54(6): 19-20, 1979