Anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction affects proprioception in the cat's knee
Gómez-Barrena, E.; Nuñez, A.; Ballesteros, R.; Martinez-Moreno, E.; Munuera, L.
Acta Orthopaedica Scandinavica 70(2): 185-193
ISSN/ISBN: 0001-6470 PMID: 10366922 DOI: 10.3109/17453679909011260
To study the cat's knee after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction, we compared its neural and muscular activity with that in the normal and the unstable knee. We recorded the electric activity in the articular nerves (posterior -PAN and medial -MAN) and periarticular muscles (quadriceps and hamstring) while performing passive flexion, extension, external and internal rotation, and also anterior translation of the tibia at 30 degrees and 90 degrees of flexion. The same series of maneuvers was performed in the same knees after surgical section of the anterior cruciate ligament and then after anterior cruciate reconstruction. The electric activity recorded in the reconstructed knee was compared to that in the same knee before surgery and in the same unstable knee after anterior cruciate section. We observed that the reconstructed knee, compared to the injured knee, showed a decrease in articular nerves and quadriceps activity while it regained stability. This decrease converged to the recordings in the normal knee. However, differences in MAN, PAN and hamstring activity were still present in the reconstructed knee. This suggests that, although anterior cruciate reconstruction seems beneficial for restoring articular nerve and periarticular muscle activities to a certain degree, proprioception in the reconstructed knee does not match that in the normal knee.