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Antiretroviral prescribing patterns in the Texas prison system

Antiretroviral prescribing patterns in the Texas prison system

Clinical Infectious Diseases 31(6): 1476-1481

PURPOSE: Although prison inmates are reported to exhibit substantially elevated rates of HIV infection, little is known about HIV treatment patterns, particularly pharmacotherapy, in correctional institutions. The purpose of the present study, therefore, was to describe antiretroviral prescribing patterns in one of the nation's largest prison populations.METHODS: The study population consisted of all known (n = 2,360) HIV-infected inmates incarcerated in the Texas prison system in 1998. Information on medical conditions, sociodemographic factors, and pharmacotherapy was obtained from an institution-wide medical information system. Inmates who received more than one type of pharmacotherapy in 1998 were included in the appropriate number of categories.RESULTS: In 1998, 66.8 percent (95% CI = 64.0-69.4) of all HIV-infected inmates with CD4 counts below 500 were treated with highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART); and 31.1 percent (95% CI = 29.3-33.0) were given no antiretroviral therapy. Logistic regression results showed that HAART treatment decreased monotonically as a function of patient CD4 count category.CONCLUSIONS: A substantial proportion of HIV-infected TDCJ inmates were placed on therapies that were not consistent with the generally recommended DHHS guidelines for their disease stage. It will be important to for future investigations to assess whether such patterns continue to exist among prison populations, and to assess the determinants of these patterns.

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Accession: 010190048

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PMID: 11018410

DOI: 10.1016/s1047-2797(00)00128-9

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