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Association of factor V Leiden mutation with delayed graft function, acute rejection episodes and long-term graft dysfunction in kidney transplant recipients



Association of factor V Leiden mutation with delayed graft function, acute rejection episodes and long-term graft dysfunction in kidney transplant recipients



Thrombosis and Haemostasis 87(2): 194-198



We analysed whether the factor V Leiden mutation--the most common hereditary predisposing factor for venous thrombosis--is associated with early and long-term graft dysfunction after kidney transplantation in 394 Caucasian kidney transplant recipients. The presence of factor V Leiden mutation was identified by allele specific PCR. The prevalence of the factor V Leiden mutation was compared to 32216 unselected neonates. The prevalence of the factor V Leiden mutation (GA genotype) was similar in 394 kidney transplant recipients and 32216 neonates. The frequency of known factors predicting long-term graft function were similar in patients with the GA genotype and with the normal factor V gene (GG genotype). The GA genotype was associated with the occurrence of no primary graft function (risk: 2.87: 95% confidence interval: 1.01-8.26; p < 0.05), the number of dialysis after transplantation in patients with no primary graft function until graft function (7.5 +/- 2.06 dialysis in GA patients; 4.2 +/- 0.36 dialyses in GG patients; p < 0.05), and the risk for at least one acute rejection episode (risk: 3.83; 95% confidence interval: 1.38-10.59; p < 0.02). The slope of l/creatinine per year was significantly lower in patients with the GA genotype (GA patients: -0.0204 +/- 0.008 dl/mg per year; GG patients: 0.0104 +/- 0.004 dl/mg per year; p < 0.02). The annual enhancement of the daily protein excretion rate was elevated in patients with the GA genotype (GA patients: 38.5 +/- 16.6 mg/24 h per year; GG patients: 4.9 +/- 4.4 mg/24 h per year; p < 0.02). Our study showed that the factor V Leiden mutation is associated with the occurrence of delayed graft function, acute rejection episodes and chronic graft dysfunction after kidney transplantation.

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Accession: 010212402

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PMID: 11858477


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