+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Aversive Pavlovian conditioning in psychopaths: Peripheral and central correlates

Aversive Pavlovian conditioning in psychopaths: Peripheral and central correlates

Psychophysiology 39(4): 505-518

Differential aversive Pavlovian conditioning with a foul odor as unconditioned stimulus (US) and neutral faces as conditioned stimuli (CS) was compared between 9 noncriminal psychopaths as defined by the Hare Psychopathy Checklist Revised and 12 healthy controls. Event-related potentials (ERP), heart rate, skin conductance response, corrugator EMG, and startle response potentiation as well as valence, arousal, and contingency of the CS were assessed. Whereas the healthy controls (HC) showed significant CS +/CS- differentiation, the psychopaths (PP) failed to exhibit a conditioned response although unconditioned responses were comparable between the groups. N100, P200, and P300 to the CSs revealed that psychopaths were not deficient in information processing and showed even better anticipatory responding than the HC group indicated by the terminal contingent negative variation (tCNV), that lacked, however, CS+ and CS- differentiation. These data indicate a deficit in association formation in psychopaths that may be related to deficient interaction of limbic-subcortical and cortical structures.

Please choose payment method:

(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 010223229

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 12212643

DOI: 10.1111/1469-8986.3940505

Related references

Pavlovian conditioning of muscular responses in chronic pain patients: central and peripheral correlates. Pain 112(3): 239-247, 2004

Neural correlates of appetitive-aversive interactions in Pavlovian fear conditioning. Learning and Memory 20(4): 220-228, 2013

Pavlovian aversive and appetitive odor conditioning in humans: subjective, peripheral, and electrocortical changes. Experimental Brain Research 132(2): 203-215, 2000

Startle potentiation during aversive and non-aversive Pavlovian conditioning. Psychophysiology 37(Suppl. 1): S90, 2000

Age-related changes in Pavlovian conditioning: central nervous system correlates. Physiology and Behavior 32(4): 609-616, 1984

The role of muscarinic and nicotinic cholinergic neurotransmission in aversive conditioning: comparing pavlovian fear conditioning and inhibitory avoidance. Learning & Memory 11(1): 35-42, 2004

Avoidance conditioning with central and peripheral aversive stimulation. Canadian Journal of Psychology 21(5): 425-435, 1967

Appetitive-aversive interactions in Pavlovian fear conditioning. Behavioral Neuroscience 126(3): 404-422, 2012

Effects of aversive pavlovian conditioning upon renal blood flow in the dog. Physiologist 16(3): 254, 1973

Enhanced Pavlovian aversive conditioning to positive emotional stimuli. Journal of Experimental Psychology. General 147(6): 905-923, 2018

Stress facilitates aversive Pavlovian conditioning in males, but not in females. Society for Neuroscience Abstracts 22(1-3): 1386, 1996

Mechanisms of attention for appetitive and aversive outcomes in Pavlovian conditioning. Behavioural Brain Research 213(1): 19-26, 2010

Human blink startle during aversive and nonaversive Pavlovian conditioning. Journal of Experimental Psychology. Animal Behavior Processes 20(4): 380-389, 1994

Constraints on pavlovian aversive conditioning implications for avoidance learning in the rat. Learning & Motivation 11(4): 427-455, 1980

The overshadowing of background stimuli by an informative CS in aversive Pavlovian conditioning with rats. Learning & Behavior 6(1): 43-51, 1978