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Biochemical and genetic analyses of a novel gamma-cyclodextrin glucanotransferase from an alkalophilic Bacillus clarkii 7364


Biochemical and genetic analyses of a novel gamma-cyclodextrin glucanotransferase from an alkalophilic Bacillus clarkii 7364



Journal of Biochemistry 133(3): 317-324



ISSN/ISBN: 0021-924X

PMID: 12761167

DOI: 10.1093/jb/mvg043

On screening for microorganisms in soil obtained in Japan that produce large amounts of gamma-cyclodextrin (gamma-CD), we identified a novel alkalophilic bacterium, Bacillus clarkii 7364. The cyclodextrin glucanotransferase (CGTase) secreted into the culture medium by this bacterium was purified by affinity chromatography on a gamma-CD-immobilized column, followed by chromatography on a gel filtration column. The enzyme converted 13.7% of pre-gelatinized potato starch (10% w/w per reaction mixture) into CDs, and the majority (79%) of the product CDs was of the gamma form. This property is quite unique among known CGTases and thus we named this enzyme gamma-CGTase. The N-terminal and internal amino acid sequences of gamma-CGTase were determined and used to design PCR primers for amplification of the nucleotide sequence that encodes the gamma-CGTase gene. The entire gene sequence amplified by PCR was determined and then cloned into E. coli. The recombinant enzyme synthesized by E. coli retained biochemical properties quite similar to those of the original one. Comparison of the deduced amino acid sequence of gamma-CGTase with those of other known CGTases that have different product specificities revealed the importance of subsites -3 and -7 for the preferential gamma-cyclization activity.

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Accession: 010239404

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